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Acratosaura mentalis (AMARAL, 1933)

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Higher TaxaGymnophthalmidae (Gymnophthalminae), Iphisini, Sauria, Gymnophthalmoidea, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Amaral's Colobosaura 
SynonymColobosaura mentalis AMARAL 1933
Colobosaura mentalis — PETERS & DONOSO-BARROS 1970: 99
Colobosaura mentalis — CASTOE et al. 2004
Acratosaura mentalis — RODRIGUES et al. 2007 
DistributionBrazil (Bahia, Sergipe, Rio Grande do norte, Paraíba, Pernambuco, Alagoas, Minas Gerais, Ceará)

Type locality: Villa Nova (= Senhor do Bonfim), Bahia, Brazil.  
TypesHolotype: MZUSP 788 A, male (Museu Paulista) 
DiagnosisDEFINITION of the genus Acratosaura: A microteiid characterized by a distinctive ear opening and eyelid, large tail, and slender pentadactyl limbs. Frontonasal single; prefrontals, frontoparietals, parietals, and interparietals present. Parietals longer than wide. Collar fold absent. Three pairs of genials and three supraoculars. Dorsal scales anteriorly smooth, large in the occipital region, becoming gradually elongated, lanceolate, and strongly keeled posteriorly. Occipitals present. Ventral scales quadrangular, in longitudinal but not in regularly transverse rows; laterally imbricate, irregular in size and shape, scales of external rows slightly wider. Males with continuous series of very conspicuous pores without gap between preanal and femoral; pores absent in females. Frontal bone anteriorly divided. 
CommentType Species: Colobosaura mentalis AMARAL 1933 is the type species of the genus Acratosaura RODRIGUES et al. 2007. 
EtymologyFrom the Greek akratos, meaning ‘‘unmixed, pure’’; here intended to reflect its unmixed condition after being dismembered from the polyphyletic Colobosaura. 
  • Amaral, A. do 1933. Estudos sobre Lacertilios neotropicos. I. novos generos e especies de largartos do Brasil. Mem. Inst. Butantan 7 [1932]: 51-75 - get paper here
  • Brito, M.S.; L.F.S. Barbosa; L.C.M. Pereira; P.A. Nicola; L.B. Ribeiro. 2012. Range extension, new state record and geographic distribution map of Acratosaura mentalis (Amaral, 1933) (Squamata: Gymnophthalmidae). Check List 8(1):172-174 - get paper here
  • Castoe, T.A.; Doan, T.M. & Parkinson, C.L. 2004. Data partitions and complex models in Bayesian analysis: the phylogeny of Gymnophthalmid lizards. Systematic Biology 53 (3): 448-469 - get paper here
  • Centeno, Fernanda C.; Mauro Teixeira Junior, Renato Recoder, Denis V. Andrade and Miguel Trefaut Rodrigues 2014. Updated distribution map of Acratosaura mentalis (Squamata, Gymnophthalmidae) with a note on feeding ecology of the treefrog Bokermannohyla alvarengai (Anura, Hylidae). Herpetology Notes 7: 783-786
  • Cunha, O.R. da 1977. Lacertílios da Amazonia VI - Uma nova especie de lagarto (Colobosaura landii) da região leste do Pará (Lacertilia, Teiidae). Bol. Mus. Paraense Emilio Goeldi, Zool. 86: 1-13
  • De-Carvalho, Crizanto Brito; Francis Luiz Santos Caldas , Daniel Oliveira Santana , Marcus Vinicius Noronha , Evellyn Borges de Freitas , Renato Gomes Faria , and Rafael Alves dos Santos 2010. Reptilia, Squamata, Gymnophthalmidae, Acratosaura mentalis (Amaral 1933): Distribution extension and geographic distribution map. Check List 6 (3): 434-436 - get paper here
  • Franzini, Lissa Dellefrate; Izabel Regina Soares Silva, Daniel Oliveira Santana, Fagner Ribeiro Delfim, Gustavo Henrique Calazans Vieira, Daniel Oliveira Mesquita 2019. Lizards fauna from the state of Paraíba, Northeastern Brazil: current knowledge and sampling discontinuities. Herpetology Notes 12: 749-763 - get paper here
  • Freitas, M.A.; D. Veríssimo; V. Uhlig. 2012. Squamate Reptiles of the central Chapada Diamantina, with a focus on the municipality of Mucugê, state of Bahia, Brazil. Check List 8(1):16-22 - get paper here
  • Freitas, Marco Antonio de 2014. Squamate reptiles of the Atlantic Forest of northern Bahia, Brazil. Check List 10 (5): 1020-1030 - get paper here
  • Garda, A.A.; T.B. Costa; C.R. Santos-Silva; D.O. Mesquita; R.G. Faria; B.M. Conceição; I.R.S. Silva; A.S. Ferreira; S.M. Rocha; C.N.S. Palmeira; R. Rodrigues; S.F. Ferrari; S. Torquato. 2013. Herpetofauna of protected areas in the Caatinga I: Raso da Catarina Ecological Station (Bahia, Brazil). Check List 9 (2):405-414 - get paper here
  • Hamdan, B.; D.P. Coelho; A.B. D’Angiolella; E.J.R. Dias; R.M. Lira-da-Silva. 2013. The Reptile Collection of the Museu de Zoologia, Universidade Federal da Bahia, Brazil. Check List 9 (2):257-262 - get paper here
  • Medeiros-Magalhães, Felipe de; Daniel Orsi Laranjeiras, Taís Borges Costa, Flora Acuña Juncá, Daniel Oliveira Mesquita, David Lucas Röhr, Willianilson Pessoa da Silva, Gustavo Henrique Calazans Vieira, Adrian Antonio Garda 2015. Herpetofauna of protected areas in the Caatinga IV: Chapada Diamantina National Park, Bahia, Brazil. Herpetology Notes 8: 243-261 - get paper here
  • Melo, Íris Virgínea; Geraldo Jorge Barbosa de Moura, Marco Antonio de Freitas, Edson Victor Euclides de Andrade, Cláudio Casal, Arthur Diesel Abegg, Marcelo Nogueira de Carvalho Kakubum 2018. New additions to herpetofauna of the Parque Estadual Dois Irmãos, an urban Atlantic Rainforest Fragment, Recife municipality, Pernambuco state, northeastern Brazil. Herpetology Notes 11: 245-254 - get paper here
  • Rodrigues, M.T. 2003. Herpetofauna da Caatinga. In: I.R. Leal, M. Tabarelli & J.M.C. Silva (eds.). Ecologia e conservação da Caatinga, pp. 181-236. Editora Universitária, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, Brasil.
  • Rodrigues, Miguel Trefaut; Katia Cristina Machado Pellegrino, Marianna Dixo, Vanessa Kruth Verdade, Dante Pavan, Antônio Jorge Suzart Argolo, and Jack W. Sites Jr. 2007. A new genus of microteiid lizard from the Atlantic forests of State of Bahia, Brazil, with a new generic name for Colobosaura mentalis, and a discussion of relationships among the Heterodactylini (Squamata, Gymnophthalmidae). American Museum novitates (3565): 1-27 - get paper here
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