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Acutotyphlops kunuaensis WALLACH, 1995

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Higher TaxaTyphlopidae (Asiatyphlopinae), Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Kunua Blind Snake 
SynonymAcutotyphlops kunuaensis WALLACH 1995
Acutotyphlops kunuaensis — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 54
Acutotyphlops kunuaensis — MCCOY 2006
Acutotyphlops kunuaensis — HEDGES et al. 2014
Acutotyphlops kunuaensis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 8 
DistributionSolomon Islands; Papua New Guinea (Bougainville Island), 0–915 m elevation.

Type locality: Kunua, Bougainville Island, Papua New Guinea (5°46’S, 154°43’E, 30 m elevation).  
TypesHolotype: MCZ 76964, a 221 mm male collected by F. Parker, 19 August 1963. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (genus). Species of Acutotyphlops have (1) eye, distinct, (2) snout, acuminate or rounded, (3) head scale arrangement, non-circular, (4) frontorostral, present, (5) nasal, incompletely divided, (6) nasal suture origin, 2nd supralabial (sometimes 1st), (7) suboculars or subpreoculars, present (rarely absent), (8) postoculars, 3–5 (average, 4.10), (9) preocular-labial contact, supralabials 2 & 3, 3rd, or none, (10) midbody scale rows, 26–36 (average, 30.4), (11) scale row reduction, present, (12) total scale rows, 334–542 (average, 415), (13) caudals, 11–31 (average, 20.9), (14) maximum total length, 333–487 (average, 392) mm, (15) total length/midbody diameter, 18–58 (average, 38.2), (16) total length/tail length, 13–100 (average, 31.1), (17) dorsal color, dark brown (rarely golden orange), (18) ventral color, yellowish or gold, (19) dorsum darker than venter, (20) overall, either patternless or with bars or longitudinal lines (Tables 1–2); molecular phylogenetic support (Fig. 1). Acutotyphlops differs from other typhlopids in having a frontorostral scale (Wallach 1995; Wallach et al. 2007a). [HEDGES et al. 2014: 32]. For an alternative diagnosis see PYRON & WALLACH 2014: 57. 
CommentType species: Acutotyphlops kunuaensis WALLACH 1995 is the type species of the genus Acutotyphlops WALLACH 1995: 141. Erroneously given as Typhlops subocularis Waite, 1897 in WALLACH et al. 2014: 8. 
EtymologyThe generic name is a masculine noun formed from the Latin adjective acutus (pointed) and Greek noun typhlops (the blind), in reference to the acuminate (pointed) snouts of these blindsnakes. 
  • Hedges, S.B., Marion, A.B., Lipp, K.M., Marin, J. & Vidal, N. 2014. A taxonomic framework for typhlopid snakes from the Caribbean and other regions (Reptilia, Squamata). Caribbean Herpetology 49: 1–61 - get paper here
  • McCoy, M. 2006. Reptiles of the Solomon Islands. Pensoft Series Faunistica 57, 212 pp.
  • McCoy, M. 2015. A Field Guide to the Reptiles of the Solomon Islands. Michael McCoy, Kuranda - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Pyron, R.A. & Wallach, V. 2014. Systematics of the blindsnakes (Serpentes: Scolecophidia: Typhlopoidea) based on molecular and morphological evidence. Zootaxa 3829 (1): 001–081 - get paper here
  • Wallach, V. 1995. A new genus for the Rhamphotyphlops subocularis species group (Serpentes: Typhlopidae), with description of a new species. Asiatic Herpetological Research 6: 132-150. - get paper here
  • Wallach, V.; Brown, R.M.; Diesmos, A.C. & Gee, G.V.A. 2007. An Enigmatic New Species of Blind Snake from Luzon Island, Northern Philippines, with A Synopsis of The Genus Acutotyphlops (Serpentes: Typhlopidae). Journal of Herpetology 41 (4): 690-702 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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