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Afroedura vazpintorum BRANCH, SCHMITZ, LOBÓN-ROVIRA, BAPTISTA, ANTÓNIO & CONRADIE, 2021

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Coastal Flat Gecko 
SynonymAfroedura vazpintorum BRANCH, SCHMITZ, LOBÓN-ROVIRA, BAPTISTA, ANTÓNIO & CONRADIE 2021: 75
Afroedura bogerti – BRANCH et al. 2017: 157 (part)
Afroedura bogerti – MARQUES et al. 2018: 177 (part)
Afroedura bogerti – BRANCH et al. 2019a: 287 (part)
Afroedura cf. bogerti – BUTLER et al. 2019: 231
Afroedura bogerti (clade 2) – BRANCH et al. 2017: 146
Afroedura sp. – BAPTISTA et al. 2018: 400 
DistributionAngola (Namibe, Benguela: coastal lowlands)

Type locality: 1 km east of Farm Mucungo (-14.78361, 12.49694, 314 m a.s.l.), Namibe Province, Angola  
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype. PEM R24118, adult female, collected by William R. Branch, Ninda L. Baptista and Pedro Vaz Pinto on 7 November 2015.
Paratypes. Males: PEM R24114–5, collected 1 km east of Farm Mucungo (-14.78361, 12.49694, 314 m a.s.l.), Namibe Province, Angola, by William R. Branch, Ninda L. Baptista and Pedro Vaz Pinto on 7 November 2015. Females: PEM R24116–7, collected 1 km east of Farm Mucungo (-14.78361, 12.49694, 314 m a.s.l.), Namibe Province, Angola, by William R. Branch, Ninda L. Bap- tista and Pedro Vaz Pinto on 7 November 2015. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. A member of the greater ‘transvaalica’ group as it possesses two pairs of enlarged scansors per digit and a strongly verticillate and flattened tail (Jacobsen et al. 2014). Part of the A. bogerti-group which differs from other members of the ‘transvaalica’ group by having less than 86 mid-body scale rows (vs. 97–102 in A. gorongosa, 113–120 in A. loveridgei, 102–119 in A. transvaalica); by the rostral bordering the nostril (nostril excluded from rostral in A. loveridgei); by the anterior nasals always in contact (separated by 1–3 granules in A. gorongosa; always in broad contact in A. loveridgei; usually in broad contact in A. transvaalica ~ 3–18%); and in having 11–14 scales between the anterior borders of the eyes (19–22 in A. gorongosa; 15–19 in A. loveridgei; 15–20 in A. transvaalica) (comparative data fide Branch et al. 2017a).
Afroedura vazpintorum sp. nov. differs from other members of the A. bogerti-group by a combination of the following characters (see Tables 3, 4): 73–86 (mean 80.3) mid-body scale rows (69–77 [mean 73.5] in A. boger- ti, 76–88 [mean 79.3] in A. wulfhaackei sp. nov., 64–78 [mean 72.8] in A. donveae sp. nov., 73–78 [mean 74.8] in A. praedicta sp. nov.); by the anterior nasals always in contact (similar to A. donveae and A. praedicta sp. nov.; ~ 33% of the time in contact in A. bogerti; ~ 68% of the time in contact in A. wulfhaackei sp. nov.); in each verticil having 5–6 (mean 5.0) ventral and 6–7 (mean 6.1) dorsal rows of scales (5–6 [mean 5.5] and 6–7 [mean 6.6] in A. donveae sp. nov.; 4 and 5 in A. bogerti and A. praedicta sp. nov., 4–5 [mean 4.0] and 5–6 [mean 5.1] in A. wulf- haackei sp. nov.); ventral surfaces immaculate (similar to A. donveae sp. nov.; greyish with black spot in A. bogerti, A. wulfhaackei sp. nov. and A. praedicta sp. nov.). Afro- edura vazpintorum sp. nov. differs from its sister lowland species A. donveae sp. nov. in being smaller (51.3 versus 57.6 mm average SVL), in having greater mid-body scale counts 73–86 (mean 80.3) versus 64–78 (mean 72.8), a lower number of precloacal pores (9–11 [mean 10.2] ver- sus 11–12 [mean 11.5]), duller colouration and less dis- tinct tail banding (versus bolder colouration and distinct tail banding) (Branch et al. 2021).

Colouration. In life (paratype PEM R24118, Fig. 5E). Light grey to yellow-olive above with six irregular- ly-spaced darker, brown to black, W-shaped crossbars from the occiput to the sacrum, central two broken up to form irregularly-shaped crossbars; each crossbar sepa- rated by yellow-olive to light grey blotches; head mostly light grey with scattered darker grey scales; dark brown band from nostril across the upper margins of the ear opening connecting with dark brown lateral bar on to the neck; a thin pale yellow canthal stripe extends on both sides from the nasal region to anterior margins of eye, continuing on to the nape; upper and lower labials light grey with diffuse dark brown edges; lateral sides of the body with a mix of dark grey and yellow blotches; limbs yellowish above with scattered darker grey markings; tail (original) with irregular dark brown bars separated by yellow bars; tail (regenerated) with black mottling on light grey background; iris dark brown with a black narrow elliptic pupil with crenulated edge and black re- ticulation; ventrum uniform beige with scattered brown specks on lateral edges of ventrum alone; ventrally, limbs with scattered brown spots. In preservative (holo- type PEM R24118, Fig. 10): dorsum with three distinct, irregularly-spaced, dark brown W-shaped crossbars an- teriorly, with beige intervening blotches, the posterior crossbars are broken up and irregularly spaced; dorsally, arms and legs darkly barred; tail (original part) with dark brown bars that are not well defined; tail (regenerated part) with dark brown mottling on beige background; dorsal head with mottled dark brown scales, light beige canthal stripe from nostril to anterior corner of eyes, continuing posterior to the eye to above the ear open- ing; dark brown band running from the nasals, above the ear opening, to the neck; light beige stripe (one-scale- wide) from above the supralabials to the ear opening (two-scales-wide); supralabials dark brown edged ven- trally; infralabials scattered with dark brown markings dorsally; ventrum mostly immaculate with dark brown spots ventrally on arms and legs. Variation: Similar co- louration and patterning to the holotype (preserved) and paratype (as above, in life). Dorsal crossbars are often fused to form an X-shape or are irregular. When pres- ent, crossbars number 5–6. Coastal material is often very light in colouration and not as boldly patterned or bright- ly coloured compared to highland material. Original tails with 6–7 broad, dark brown to black bars, separated by light beige to white bars, some specimens with a fine one-scale-wide black bar splitting the lighter bars. Re- generated tails with fine dark brown to black mottling. Juveniles with more sharply defined patterns (Branch et al. 2021). 
CommentDistribution: see map in Branch et al. 2021: 57 (Fig. 1). 
EtymologyThis species is named in honour of father and son, Pedro and Afonso Vaz Pinto, two enthusiastic Angolan naturalists with whom WRB spent a great deal of time in the field, to recognise their contributions in collecting and studying Angolan herpetofauna. The name is constructed in the masculine plural genitive. 
References
  • Branch WR, Schmitz A, Lobón-Rovira J, Baptista NL, António T, Conradie W 2021. Rock island melody: A revision of the Afroedura bogerti Loveridge, 1944 group, with descriptions of four new endemic species from Angola. Zoosystematics and Evolution 97(1): 55-82 - get paper here
 
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