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Agama bottegi BOULENGER, 1897

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Agaminae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Somali Agama 
SynonymAgama bottegi BOULENGER 1897: 717
Agama bottegi — LANZA 1978: 276
Agama bottegi — LANZA 1990
Agama bottegi — WAGNER & BAUER 2011 

Type locality: Lugh, Somaliland [= Somalia, 03°47’46’’ N, 42°32’32’’ E]  
TypesHolotype: MSNG 28548, adult male, collected by Capt. U. Ferrandi (V. Bòttego Expedition). 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A large Agama with a maximum length up to 355 mm (SVL 120 mm). Head moderately convex, body scarcely depressed, hind limbs strong. Gular pouch absent. Tail twice as long as SVL. Head convex, snout not flat as in persimilis. Head scales moderately large, smooth, with the occipital scale enlarged. Nostril tubular, directed backward; pierced in the posterior part of a small nasal scale, situated on the canthus rostralis. Two scales between the nasal and the first supraciliary scale. Supraciliary scales smooth. Strong nuchal crest present in males, with conical scales equal to the diameter of the ear opening. Low crest extending down the back and to the tail. Ear opening larger than the eye. Tufts of spinose scales near the ear and on the sides of the neck present, longest spines about two-third the diameter of the ear opening. Body scales large, homogeneous, imbricate, strongly keeled, and strongly mucronate; in 53 rows around midbody. Ventral scales keeled, smaller than the dorsals. Fourth and third fingers equal, fourth toe slightly longer than third, fifth not extending beyond first. Tail slightly compressed, covered with strongly keeled scales, which are larger than the body scales. One row of precloacal pores (from Boulenger 1898 [1897] and Wagner & Bauer 2011). Wagner et al. 2013 provide another diagnosis. 
CommentStatus unclear according to WERMUTH 1967 but valid according to Wagner & Bauer 2011.

Abundance: Until Lanza 1978, the species was only known from the types.

Similar species: Agama spinosa Gray, 1831. 
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1898. Concluding report on the late Capt. Bottego’s collection of reptiles and batrachians from Somaliland and British East Africa. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova, (2) 18: 715-723 [1897] - get paper here
  • Lanza B 1978. On some new or interesting east African amphibians and reptiles. Monitore Zoologico Italiano supplemento 10 (14): 229-297 - get paper here
  • Lanza, B. 1983. A list of the Somali amphibians and reptiles. MONITORE ZOOLOGICO ITALIANO, new Ser., SUPPL. 18 (8): 193-247 - get paper here
  • Lanza, B. 1990. Amphibians and reptiles of the Somali Democratic Republic: check list and biogeography. Biogeographia, 14: 407-465 [1988] - get paper here
  • Wagner, Philipp and Aaron Bauer 2011. A new dwarf Agama (Sauria: Agamidae) from Ethiopia. Breviora (527): 1-19 - get paper here
  • Wagner, Philipp; Adam Leaché; Tomáš Mazuch; Wolfgang Böhme 2013. Additions to the lizard diversity of the Horn of Africa: Two new species in the Agama spinosa group. Amphibia-Reptilia 34 (3): 363–387 - get paper here
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