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Ahaetulla farnsworthi MALLIK, SRIKANTHAN, PAL, D’SOUZA, SHANKER & GANESH, 2020

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Ahaetuliinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymAhaetulla farnsworthi MALLIK, SRIKANTHAN, PAL, D’SOUZA, SHANKER & GANESH 2020: 34 
DistributionIndia (SW Karnataka, Western Ghats)

Type locality: Bhadra Tiger Reserve (13.554618 N 75.749851 E) in Central Western Ghats, Peninsular India.  
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype. BNHS 3588 (CESS288); adult female; Bhadra Tiger Reserve, Karnataka; Coll. Saunak P. Pal, 2010. Paratypes. BNHS 3589 (CESS066); adult male; Sakleshpur, Karnataka; Coll. Ashok Kumar Mallik, 2010. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A species of Ahaetulla characterised by having short rostral appendage (vs. long in A. oxyrhyncha comb. nov.; A. anomala, A. laudankia; vs. multi-scaled rostral appendage in A. pulverulenta, A. sahyadrensis nom. nov., A. anomala); possessing white ventrolateral stripe (vs. absent in A. pulverulenta, A. sahyadrensis nom. nov.), possessing 6 prediastemal and 11 postdiastemal maxillary teeth (vs. 7 and 9 in A. isabellina comb. nov., vs. 6 and 7 in A. malabarica sp. nov., vs. 6 and 8 in A. borealis sp. nov., vs. 7 and 7 in A. oxyrhyncha comb. nov.); usually green body colouration in both sexes (vs. usually grey-brown in A. sahyadrensis nom. nov., adult females brownish in A. anomala, A. dispar and A. perroteti) (Fig. 17, Table 2, Mallik et al. 2020).

Colour in life. Dorsum uniform bright green with minute brown dots; scales bordered with brown; pre-ocular scales with 2 dark blue dots bordered with light blue; rostral, infralabials, venter yellowish green to light green at mid body; yellow ventral stripe along notched ventral keels; slight discolouration in the pre-ocular; inter-scalar skin white with black and white bars anteriorly-converging bars; white replaced by reddish brown interscalar skin posteriorly; golden yellow eyes with black speckles; concentration of black speckles both in anterior and posterior ends of a horizontal pupil; a slight discolouration around the pupil; tail, subcaudals green (Mallik et al. 2020: 34).

Variations in colour morphs. Dorsum uniform bright green to olive green; rostral, infralabials, venter yellowish green to light green at mid body; yellow to white ventral stripe along notched ventral keels; slight discolouration in the pre-ocular; inter-scalar skin white with black and white anteriorly-converging bars; white replaced by reddish brown inter-scalar skin posteriorly; eyes golden yellow with black speckles; concentration of black speckles both in the anterior and posterior ends of a horizontal pupil; slight discolouration around the pupil; tail, subcaudals green (Mallik et al. 2020: 36). 
CommentDistribution: See map in Mallik et al. 2020: 14 (Fig. 4). 
EtymologyDedicated to the physicist Dr. Hubert Farnsworth of the world of Futurama, for his efforts in resurrecting barking snakes from extinction. Name latinized and coined in the genitive singular case. 
References
  • MALLIK, A. K., SRIKANTHAN, A. N., PAL, S. P., D’SOUZA, P. M., SHANKER, K., & GANESH, S. R. 2020. Disentangling vines: a study of morphological crypsis and genetic divergence in vine snakes (Squamata: Colubridae: Ahaetulla) with the description of five new species from Peninsular India. Zootaxa 4874 (1): 1-62 - get paper here
 
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