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Anguis cephallonica WERNER, 1894

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Higher TaxaAnguidae (Anguinae), Diploglossa, Anguimorpha, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Peloponnese Slow Worm 
SynonymAnguis fragilis var. cephallonica WERNER 1894
Anguis fragilis peloponnesiacus STEPANEK 1937
Anguis fragilis fragilis — WERMUTH 1969
Anguis fragilis peloponnesiacus — BISCHOFF & BISCHOFF 1980
Anguis fragilis peloponnesiacus — MEYER 1985
Anguis cephalonnicus — GRILLITSCH & CABELA 1990
Anguis cephallonicus — ENGELMANN et al 1993
Anguis cephallonicus — ARNOLD 2002
Anguis cephalonicus [sic] — RUTSCHKE et al. 2005
Anguis cephallonicus — TRAPP 2007
Anguis cephallonica — GVOŽDÍK et al. 2010
Anguis cephallonica — GVOŽDIK et al. 2013
Anguis cephallonicus — KWET & TRAPP 2014 
DistributionS Greece (Peloponnes, Zakynthos and Kephallenia Islands)

Type locality: Lagune Kotavos bei Argostoli, Berg Agios Georgios und Sami auf Kephallonia; Berg Skopos auf der Insel Zante.  
TypesLectotype: NMW 31631:6 (juvenile)
Lectotype: NMP P6V-005301, designated by Grillitsch & Cabela 1990: 149 [peloponnesiacus] 
CommentTaxonomy: Gvoždík et al. (2013) suggested to distinguish 5 genetic species of Anguis: graeca, colchica, fragilis, cinerea, and cephallonica. A detailed morphological analysis of the entire genus is under preparation (Benkovsky ́ et al., in preparation).

Distribution: see map in Jablonski et al. 2016: 3 (Fig. 1).

Limb morphology: Limbless. 
EtymologyAnguis is a feminine Latin word and therefore this species has to be called “Anguis cephallonica” (instead of cephalonnicus). 
  • Arnold, E.N. 2002. Reptiles and Amphibians of Europe. Princeton Field Guides
  • Engelmann, W.E. et al. 1993. Lurche und Kriechtiere Europas. Neumann Verlag (Radebeul, Germany), 440 pp.
  • Gemel, R.; G. Gassner & S. Schweiger 2019. Katalog der Typen der Herpetologischen Sammlung des Naturhistorischen Museums Wien – 2018. Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, B 121: 33–248
  • Grillitsch, H. & A. Cabela 1990. Zum Systematischen Status der Blindschleichen (Squamata: Anguidae) der Peloponnes und der südlichen Ionischen Inseln. Herpetozoa 2 (3/4): 131-153. - get paper here
  • Gvoždík, Václav; David Jandzik, Petros Lymberakis, Daniel Jablonski, Jiří Moravec 2010. Slow worm, Anguis fragilis (Reptilia: Anguidae) as a species complex: Genetic structure reveals deep divergences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 55 (2): 460-472 - get paper here
  • Gvoždík, Václav; Norbert Benkovský, Angelica Crottini, Adriana Bellati, Jirí Moravec, Antonio Romano, Roberto Sacchi, David Jandzik 2013. An ancient lineage of slow worms, genus Anguis (Squamata: Anguidae), survived in the Italian Peninsula. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 69 (3): 1077–1092; - get paper here
  • Jablonski, Daniel; David Jandzik; Peter Mikulíček, Georg Džukić, Katarina Ljubisavljević, Nikolay Tzankov, Dušan Jelić, Evanthia Thanou, Jiří Moravec and Václav Gvoždík 2016. Contrasting evolutionary histories of the legless lizards slow worms (Anguis) shaped by the topography of the Balkan Peninsula. BMC Evolutionary Biology 16:99; DOI: 10.1186/s12862-016-0669-1 - get paper here
  • Kwet, A. 2010. Reptilien und Amphibien Europas. Kosmos-Verlag, Stuttgart, 252 pp.
  • Kwet, Axel & Benny Trapp 2014. Liste der Reptilien Europas. Draco 15 (60): 72-79 - get paper here
  • Kwet, Axel & Benny Trapp 2014. Reptilien in Europa – eine aktuelle Übersicht. Draco 15 (60): 6-25 - get paper here
  • Mayer, W., H. Grillitsch & A. Cabela 1991. Proteinelektrophoretische Untersuchungen zur Systematik der südgriechischen Blindschleiche (Squamata: Anguidae). Herpetozoa 4 (3/4): 157-165.<br /> - get paper here
  • Mikulíček, P., D. Jablonski, M. Páleník, V. Gvoždík & D. Jandzik 2018. Characterization of microsatellite markers in the genera Anguis and Pseudopus (Reptilia: Anguidae). Salamandra 54 (2): 158-162 - get paper here
  • Mlíkovský, Jiří; Petr Benda, Jiří Moravec & Radek Šanda 2011. Type specimens of recent vertebrates in the collections of the National Museum, Prague, Czech Republic. Journal of the National Museum (Prague), Natural History Series 180 (10): 133-164
  • Rutschke, J.; Koepe, D. & Deichsel, G. 2005. Beobachtungen zu anthropogenen Einflüssen auf die Reptilienfauna des Peloponnes (Griechenland). Herpetofauna 25 (143): 17-28 [2003/2004] - get paper here
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • Stèpànek, O. 1937. Anguis fragilis peloponnesiacus n. ssp. Zool. Anz. 118 (3/4): 107-110
  • Strachinis, Ilias; Dimitris Aravanis 2017. Additions to the known herpetofauna of the Island of Ithaki, Ionian Sea, Greece. Herpetozoa 30 (1/2): 64 - 66 - get paper here
  • Strzała, Tomasz; Renata Grochowalska, Bartłomiej Najbar, Peter Mikulíček, David Jandzik, Petros Lymberakis & Daniel Jablonski 2016. Complete mitochondrial genome of the endemic legless lizard Anguis cephallonica Werner, 1894 and its comparison with mitogenome of Anguis fragilis Linnaeus, 1758. Mitochondrial DNA, DOI:10.1080/23802359.2015.1137834 - get paper here
  • Thanou, Evanthia, Sinos Giokas and Pangiotis Kornilios. 2014. Phylogeography and genetic structure of the slow worms Anguis cephallonica and Anguis graeca (Squamata: Anguidae) from the southern Balkan Peninsula. Amphibia-Reptilia 35 (2): 263-269 - get paper here
  • Trapp, B. 2007. Reptilien und Amphibien des griechischen Festlandes. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 300 pp. - get paper here
  • Werner, F. 1894. Die Reptilien- und Batrachierfauna der jonischen Inseln. Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 44: 225-237 - get paper here
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