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Anolis aequatorialis WERNER, 1894

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Equatorial Anole
S: Camaleón sudamericano ecuatoriano 
SynonymAnolis aequatorialis WERNER 1894: 157
Anolis aequatorialis — PETERS et al. 1970: 47
Anolis aequatorialis — POE 2004
Dactyloa aequatorialis — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Dactyloa aequatorialis — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 
DistributionEcuador (middle altitude on western slopes), Colombia

Type locality: Ecuador; restricted to “The mountain pass between the south-western slopes of the Pichincha volcano and the northern slopes of the Atacazo volcano, at 2300 m elevation, province of Pichincha, Ecuador. Coordinates focus point: -0.278660° -78.709697°, radius: 1 km” by Cisneros-Heredia 2017.  
TypesHolotype: NMW 16233 
CommentSpecies groups: Dactyloa punctata species group (fide NICHOLSON et al. 2012). Prates et al. 2019 redefined the aequatorialis series as follows: The largest crown clade that includes Anolis aequatorialis and excludes Anolis heterodermus, Anolis latifrons, A. nasofrontalis, A. punctatus, and Anolis roquet.

History: After its description, A. aequatorialis remained unreported until Peters (1967) and Fitch et al. (1976) published information on its distribution and natural history.

Habitat: low montane and cloud forest on the western slopes of the Andes from extreme southern Colombia to central Ecuador, between 1300 and 2300 m elevation (Ayala-Varela & Velasco 2010; Ayala-Varela et al. 2014; Lynch et al. 2014; D.F. Cisneros-Heredia pers. obs.). 
  • Arteaga AF, Bustamante-Enríquez LM and Guayasamin JM 2013. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Mindo. - get paper here
  • Ayala-Varela FP, Troya-Rodríguez D, Talero-Rodríguez X, Torres-Carvajal O. 2014. A new Andean anole species of the Dactyloa clade (Squamata: Iguanidae) from western Ecuador. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 8 (1) [Special Section]: 8–24 - get paper here
  • Ayala-Varela, F.P.; Velasco, J.A. 2010. A new species of dactyloid anole (SQUAMATA: IGUANIDAE) from the western Andes of Ecuador. Zootaxa 2577: 46–56 - get paper here
  • Carrera, C. et al. 2009. Guía de Campo de los Pequeños Vertebrados del Distrito Metropolitano de Quito (DMQ). Publicación Miscelánea N° 5. Serie de Publicaciones del Museo Ecuatoriano de Ciencias Naturales (MECN) – Fondo Ambiental del MDMQ. 1-89 pp. Imprenta Nuevo Arte. Quito-Ecuador.
  • CISNEROS-HEREDIA, DIEGO F. 2017. The type localities of Anolis aequatorialis Werner, 1894 (Sauria: Iguania: Dactyloidae) and Pristimantis appendiculatus (Werner, 1894) (Amphibia: Anura: Craugastoridae). Zootaxa 4216 (2): 190–196 - get paper here
  • Flaschendräger, A. & Wijffels, L. 2009. Anolis. [2nd ed.]. Natur und Tier Verlag, Münster, 319 pp. [review in Reptilia 15 (81): 85] - get paper here
  • Gemel, R.; G. Gassner & S. Schweiger 2019. Katalog der Typen der Herpetologischen Sammlung des Naturhistorischen Museums Wien – 2018. Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, B 121: 33–248
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Peters, James A.; Donoso-Barros, Roberto & Orejas-Miranda, Braulio 1970. Catalogue of the Neotropical Squamata: Part I Snakes. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 297: 347 pp. - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2004. Phylogeny of anoles. Herpetological Monographs 18: 37-89 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Prates, Ivan; Paulo Roberto Melo-Sampaio, Kevin de Queiroz, Ana Carolina Carnaval, Miguel Trefaut Rodrigues, Leandro de Oliveira Drummond 2019. Discovery of a new species of Anolis lizards from Brazil and its implications for the historical biogeography of montane Atlantic Forest endemics. Amphibia-Reptilia 41 (1): 87-103 [2020] - get paper here
  • Torres-Carvajal O, Pazmiño-Otamendi G, Salazar-Valenzuela D. 2019. Reptiles of Ecuador: a resource-rich portal, with a dynamic checklist and photographic guides. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 13 (1): [General Section]: 209–229 (e178) - get paper here
  • Velasco, Julián A.; Fabricio Villalobos, José A. F. Diniz-Filho, Steven Poe and Oscar Flores-Villela 2020. Macroecology and macroevolution of body size in Anolis lizards. Ecography 00: 1–11 - get paper here
  • Werner, F. 1894. Über einige Novitäten der herpetologischen Sammlung des Wiener zoolog. vergl. anatom. Instituts. Zool. Anz. 17: 155-157 - get paper here
  • Yánez-Muñoz MH, Reyes-Puig C, Reyes-Puig JP, Velasco JA, Ayala-Varela F, Torres-Carvajal O 2018. A new cryptic species of Anolis lizard from northwestern South America (Iguanidae, Dactyloinae). ZooKeys 794: 135-163 - get paper here
  • Yánez-Muñoz, Mario H.; Miguel A. Urgilés, Marco Altamirano B., Stalin R. Cáceres S. 2010. Redescripción de Anolis proboscis Peters & Orcés (Reptilia: Polychrotidae), con el descubrimiento de las hembras de la especie y comentarios sobre su distribución y taxonomía. Avances en Ciencias e Ingeniería, 2, 1-14 - get paper here
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