You are here » home advanced search search results Anolis auratus

Anolis auratus DAUDIN, 1802

Can you confirm these amateur observations of Anolis auratus?

Add your own observation of
Anolis auratus »

Find more photos by Google images search: Google images

Higher TaxaAnolidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Grass Anole
Portuguese: Papa-Vento 
SynonymAnolis auratus DAUDIN 1802: 89
Anolis doré DAUDIN 1802: 89 (fide O’SHAUGHNESSY 1869: 185)
Draconura Nitzschii WIEGMANN 1834: 16
Norops auratus — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1837: 82
Draconura 12-striata BERTHOLD 1840: 62
Draconura bertholdi FITZINGER 1843: 70 (nom. subst. for Draconura 12-striata)
Laemanctus (Norops) auratus — FITZINGER 1843 (fide BOULENGER 1885)
Norops auratus — GRAY 1845: 207
Norops macrodactylus HALLOWELL 1856: 222
Norops duodecim-striatus — O’SHAUGHNESSY 1869: 191
Norops duodecimstriatus — COPE 1876: 169
Norops auratus — BOULENGER 1885: 95
Anolis rosenbergii BOULENGER 1896: 16
Norops auratus — SLEVIN 1942: 465
Anolis auratus — PETERS et al. 1970: 48
Anolis auratus auratus — HOEGMOED 1973: 99
Anolis auratus sipaliwinensis HOOGMOED 1973: 107
Anolis auratus — GORZULA & SEÑARIS 1999
Norops auratus — KÖHLER 2000: 62
Norops auratus — NICHOLSON 2002
Norops auratus — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Norops auratus — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 
DistributionCosta Rica, Panama, Venezuela (Falcon, Cojedes),
Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana,
Brazil (Amazonas, Pará)

Type locality: “Tropical America”, restricted to Suriname by SCHMIDT 1939.  
TypesHolotype: unknown (AVILA-PIRES 1995)
Syntypes: ANSP 7801-02 [Norops macrodactylus HALLOWELL 1856] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (genus). Support for the genus Norops is from 57 apomorphies including nine morphological and 48 molecular ones. There are four unequivocal morphological apomorphies: mean number of ventral scales in 5% of snout-to-vent length increased (20: q to r); anterolaterally directed transverse processes on autotomic caudal vertebrae (beta condition) (49: 0 to 1); nasal overlaps lateral edge of premaxilla (77: a to z); and posterior suture of dentary usually pronged (83: a to n). There are 28 unequivocal molecular apomorphies (see Appendix II, Nicholson et al. 2012).

Original Description (rosenbergii): “Allied to A. bitectus, Cope. Head twice as long as broad, slightly longer than the tibia; forehead deeply concave frontal ridges indistinct; upper head-scales strongly keeled, on the end of the snout tricarinate; scales of the supraorbital semicircles enlarged, in contact with each other or separated by one series of scales; five to nine enlarged supraoculars occipital larger than the ear-opening, separated from the supraorbitals by one or two series of scales; canthus rostralis angular; loreal rows six or seven five upper labials to below the centre of the eye; ear-opening moderate, roundish. Gular appendage large gular scales keeled. Body short, compressed no dorso-nuchal crest. Dorsal scales large, hexagonal, juxtaposed, strongly keeled, in ten or twelve longitudinal series lateral scales minutely granular; ventral scales larger than dorsals, rhomboidal, pointed, imbricate, sharply keeled. The adpressed hind limb reaches the eye ; digits very feebly dilated 16 lamellæ under phalanges II. and III. of the fourth toe. Tail rounded, slightly compressed at the base, twice and two thirds as long as head and body. No enlarged postanal scales. Pale greyish brown above a white streak from below the eye to the middle of the side of the body, passing above the ear ; a large dark light-edged spot on the upper surface of the tibia a blackish blotch on each side of the body, in front of the hind limb; lower parts white; gular appendage bluish black, with series of white scales.” (Boulenger 1896) 
CommentSynonymy after Peters et al. 1970 and Avila-Pires 1995.

Type species: Anolis auratus DAUDIN 1802 is the type species of the genus Norops WAGLER 1830. Selected as the senior synonym over Draconura Wagler, 1833 by Savage and Guyer (1991:303). Note that this genus also contains fossil species such as Norops electrum (LAZELL 1965), fide NICHOLSON et al. 2012.

Distribution: Not listed for Ecuador by TORRES-CARVAJAL 2001.

Genomics: Marc Tollis et al. (Arizona State University) presented a draft genome assembly of this species at SICB 2014 (see link).

Species group: Norops auratus Species Group (fide Nicholson et al. 2012) 
EtymologyThe generic name is from the Greek norops = brilliant or gleaming with reference to the bright color of the type species and is a translation of the Latin specific name of that species. In this case, Norops is an adjective used as a noun and is in the masculine gender as indicated by the original describer (Wagler, 1830). Norops is masculine in gender. 
  • Acuña-Vargas, J. C. 2016. Anfibios y Reptiles asociados a cinco coberturas de la tierra, municipio de Dibulla, La Guajira, Colombia. Acta Zoológica Mexicana (n. s.), 32(2): 133-146 - get paper here
  • Aguiar, Kurazo M. Okada and Carlos E. Costa-Campos. 2015. Anolis auratus (grass anole) avian predation. Herpetological Review 46 (3): 431 - get paper here
  • Avila-Pires, T.C.S. 1995. Lizards of Brazilian Amazonia (Reptilia: Squamata). Zoologische Verhandelingen 299: 1-706 - get paper here
  • Ayala, S.C. & J.L. Spain 1975. Annual Oogenesis in the Lizard Anolis auratus Determined by a Blood Smear Technique Copeia 1975 (1): 138-141. - get paper here
  • Batista, A., Hertz, A., Ponce, M. and Lotzkat, S. 2020. Notes on amphibians and reptiles from western Panama Notes on amphibians and reptiles from western Panama. Herpetology Notes 13: 219-229. - get paper here
  • Bernal Carlo A. & Roze J A. 2005. Lizards of the genus Anolis (Reptilia: Polychrotidae) from Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, Colombia, with description of two new species. Novedades Colombianas Nueva Epoca 8(1): 9-26 - get paper here
  • Berthold,A.A. 1840. Ueber verschiedene neue oder seltene Amphibienarten. Abh. Ges. Wiss. Göttingen 1: 47-72 [1842 ?]
  • Blackburn, D.G. 1994. Standardized criteria for the recognition of embryonic nutritional patterns in squamate reptiles. Copeia 1994 (4): 925-935 - get paper here
  • Blanco-Torres, Argelina; Lina Báez S., Edgar Patiño-Flores, Juan M. Renjifo-R. 2013. Herpetofauna from the middle valley of the Ranchería river, La Guajira, Colombia. Rev. Biodivers. Neotrop. 3 (2): 113-22 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1896. Descriptions of new reptiles and batrachians from Colombia. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 17 (97): 16-21 - get paper here
  • Busack, S. D. 1966. Notes on a herpetological collection from the Azuero Peninsula, Panamá. . Copeia 1966 (2): 371 - get paper here
  • Castro-Herrera, F. & Vargas-Salinas, F. 2008. Anfibios y reptiles en el departamento del Valle del Cauca, Colombia. Biota Colombiana 9 (2): 251 - 277 - get paper here
  • Cole, Charles J.; Carol R. Townsend, Robert P. Reynolds, Ross D. MacCulloch, and Amy Lathrop 2013. Amphibians and reptiles of Guyana, South America: illustrated keys, annotated species accounts, and a biogeographic synopsis. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 125 (4): 317-578; plates: 580-620 - get paper here
  • Crandell, Kristen E.; Anthony Herrel, Mahmood Sasa, Jonathan B. Losos, Kellar Autumn 2014. Stick or grip? Co-evolution of adhesive toepads and claws in Anolis lizards. Zoology 117 (6): 363-369 - get paper here
  • Daudin, F. M. 1802. Histoire Naturelle, Générale et Particulière des Reptiles, Vol. 4. F. Dufart, Paris, 397 pp. - get paper here
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1837. Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complete des Reptiles. Vol. 4. Libr. Encyclopédique Roret, Paris, 570 pp. - get paper here
  • Fitzinger, L. 1843. Systema Reptilium, fasciculus primus, Amblyglossae. Braumüller et Seidel, Wien: 106 pp. - get paper here
  • Fleishman, L.J. 1988. The Social Behavior of Anolis auratus, a Grass Anole from Panama Journal of Herpetology 22 (1): 13-23. - get paper here
  • Fleishman, Leo J. 2010. Visual motion detection by Anolis lizards and its influence on the evolution of visual display motion patterns. Anolis Newsletter VI: 35-45 - get paper here
  • Gonzalez R. C. et al. 2020. Lista dos Nomes Populares dos Répteis no Brasil – Primeira Versão. Herpetologia Brasileira 9 (2): 121 – 214 - get paper here
  • Gorzula, Stefan & Senaris, J. Celsa 1999. In: Contribution to the herpetofauna of the Venezuelan Guayana. I: a data base. Scientia Guaianae, Caracas, No. 8 [1998], 269+ pp.; ISBN 980-6020-48-0
  • Gray, J. E. 1845. Catalogue of the specimens of lizards in the collection of the British Museum. Trustees of die British Museum/Edward Newman, London: xxvii + 289 pp. - get paper here
  • Hallowell, E. 1856. Notes on reptiles in the collection of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 8: 221-238 - get paper here
  • Hoogmoed, M.S., & Lescure, J. 1975. An annotated checklist of the lizards of French Guiana, mainly based on two recent collections. Zoologische Mededelingen 49(13): 141-172. - get paper here
  • Huie, Jonathan M; Ivan Prates, Rayna C Bell, Kevin de Queiroz 2021. Convergent patterns of adaptive radiation between island and mainland Anolis lizards. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2021;, blab072, - get paper here
  • Köhler, G. 2000. Reptilien und Amphibien Mittelamerikas, Bd 1: Krokodile, Schildkröten, Echsen. Herpeton Verlag, Offenbach, 158 pp.
  • Köhler, G. 2008. Reptiles of Central America. 2nd Ed. Herpeton-Verlag, 400 pp.
  • KÖHLER, GUNTHER 2014. Characters of external morphology used in Anolis taxonomy—Definition of terms, advice on usage, and illustrated examples. Zootaxa 3774 (2): 201–257 - get paper here
  • Kornacker, Paul M.;Dederichs, Ursula 1998. Herpetologische Eindrücke einer Venezuelareise - Teil 2: Die Llanos. Elaphe 6 (3): 68-73
  • Larreal, J.T.; G.A. Rivas; C. Portillo-Quintero; T.R. Barros 2012. Squamata reptiles of a fragment of tropical dry forest in northwestern Venezuela (Lake Maracaibo region). Check List 8(6):1220-1224 - get paper here
  • Markezich, A.L. 2002. New distribution records of reptiles from Western Venezuela. Herpetological Review 33 (1): 69-74 - get paper here
  • Medina-Rangel, Guido Fabián 2013. CAMBIO EstACIOnAl En El UsO DE lOs RECURsOs DE lA COMUnIDAD DE REptIlEs En El COMplEJO CEnAgOsO DE ZApAtOsA, DEpARtAMEntO DEl CEsAR (Colombia). Caldasia 35 (1): 103-122 - get paper here
  • Mendes-Pinto, T. J. & S. Marques de Souza 2011. Preliminary assessment of amphibians and reptiles from Floresta Nacional do Trairão, with a new snake record for the Pará state, Brazilian Amazon. Salamandra 47 (4): 199-206 - get paper here
  • Mijares-Urrutia A. Arends RA. 1993. New distributional records of amphibians and reptiles for the state of Falcon, Venezuela. Herpetological Review 24 (4): 157-158. - get paper here
  • Nemuras, K. 1967. Notes on the Herpetology of Panama: Part 3. Bull. Maryland Herp. Soc. 3 (2): 31-40 - get paper here
  • Nicholson KE, C. Guyer, and JG Phillips 2017. Biogeographic Origin of Mainland Norops (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Assumptions Inhibiting Progress in Comparative Biology (eds. Crother and Parenti), pp. 169–184
  • Nicholson, K.E. 2002. Phylogenetic analysis and a test of the current infrageneric classification of Norops (beta Anolis). Herpetological Monographs 16: 93-120 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Oliveira, D.P.; S.M. Souza; L. Frazão; A.P. Almeida; T. Hrbek 2014. Lizards from central Jatapú River, Amazonas, Brazil. Check List 10 (1): 46-53 - get paper here
  • Ortleb, Edward; Heatwole, Harold 1965. Comments on some Panamanian lizards with a key to the species from Barro Colorado Island, C.Z. and vicinity. Carib. J. Sci. 5 (3-4):141-147.
  • O’Shaughnessy,A.W.E. 1869. Notes on lizards of the group Anolis. The characters and synonymy of Norops. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 3: 183-192 - get paper here
  • O’Shaughnessy,A.W.E. 1869. On Norops auratus. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 4 : 274-277 - get paper here
  • Páez, V.P. et al. 2002. Guía de campo de algunas especies de anfibios y reptiles de Antioquia. Universidad de Antioquia, - get paper here
  • Pedroza-Banda, Raúl; Jhon Jairo Ospina-Sarria, Teddy Angarita-Sierra, Marvin Anganoy-Criollo, John D. Lynch 2014. Estado de la fauna de anfibios y reptiles del Casanare Ciencias naturales Estado del conocimiento de la fauna de anfibios y reptiles del departamento de Casanare, Colombia. Rev. Acad. Colomb. Cienc. 38 (146): 17-34 - get paper here
  • Peters, Wilhem Carl Hartwig 1869. Note on Anolis auratus, Daudin. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 4 (34): 273-274 - get paper here
  • Peterson, J. A.;Williams, Ernest E. 1981. A case history in retrograde evolution: the onca lineage in Anoline lizards. II. Subdigital fine structure. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 149 (4): 215-268 - get paper here
  • Pinto-Erazo, M.A., Calderón-Espinosa, M.L., Medina-Rangel, G.F. & Méndez-Galeano, M.A. 2020. Herpetofauna from two municipalities of southwestern Colombia. Biota Colombiana 21(1): 41-57. DOI: 10.21068/c2020.v21n01a04 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2004. Phylogeny of anoles. Herpetological Monographs 18: 37-89 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Restrepo A, Molina-Zuluaga C, Hurtado JP, Marín CM, Daza JM 2017. Amphibians and reptiles from two localities in the northern Andes of Colombia. Check List 13 (4): 203-237 - get paper here
  • RIBEIRO-JÚNIOR, MARCO A. 2015. Catalogue of distribution of lizards (Reptilia: Squamata) from the Brazilian Amazonia. I. Dactyloidae, Hoplocercidae, Iguanidae, Leiosauridae, Polychrotidae, Tropiduridae. Zootaxa 3983 (1): 001–110 - get paper here
  • Ribeiro-Júnior, Marco A. & Silvana Amaral 2016. Diversity, distribution, and conservation of lizards (Reptilia: Squamata) in the Brazilian Amazonia. Neotropical Biodiversity, 2:1, 195-421 - get paper here
  • Rivas Fuenmayor, Gilson and Cesar Luis Barrio Amorós 2005. New Amphibian and Reptile records from Cojedes State, Venezuela. Herpetological Review 36 (2):205-209. - get paper here
  • RIVAS, GILSON A.; CÉSAR R. MOLINA, GABRIEL N. UGUETO, TITO R. BARROS, CÉSAR L. BAR- RIO-AMORÓS & PHILIPPE J. R. KOK 2012. Reptiles of Venezuela: an updated and commented checklist. Zootaxa 3211: 1–64 - get paper here
  • Roze, J. A. 1958. Resultados zoologicos de la expedicion de la Universidad Central de Venezuela a la region del Auyante'pui en la Guyana Venezolana, Abril de 1956. 5. Los reptiles del Auyantepui, Venezuela, basandose en las colecciones de las expediciones de Phelps-Ta Acta Biol. Venezuelica 2: 243-270.
  • Savage, J.M. & Bolaños, F. 2009. A checklist of the Amphibians and Reptiles of Costa Rica: Additions and nomenclatural revisions. Zootaxa 2005: 1–23 - get paper here
  • Schmidt,K.P. 1939. A new lizard from Mexico with a note on the genus Norops. Zool. Ser. Field Mus. Nat. Hist. 24: 7-10. - get paper here
  • Slevin, J.R. 1942. Notes on a collection of reptiles from Boquete, Panama, with the description of a new species of Hydromorphus. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 23: 463-480 - get paper here
  • Telford, S.R., Jr. 1971. Reproductive patterns and relative abundance of two microteiid lizard species in Panama Copeia 1971 (4): 670-675. - get paper here
  • Tollis, Marc; Elizabeth D. Hutchins, Jessica Stapley, Shawn M. Rupp, Walter L. Eckalbar, Inbar Maayan, Eris Lasku, Carlos R. Infante, Stuart R. Dennis, Joel A. Robertson, Catherine M. May, Michael R. Crusoe, Eldredge Bermingham, Dale F. DeNardo, S. T 2018. Comparative Genomics Reveals Accelerated Evolution in Conserved Pathways during the Diversification of Anole Lizards. - get paper here
  • Wiegmann,A.F.A. 1834. Herpetologia Mexicana, seu descriptio amphibiorum novae hispaniae , quae itineribus comitis de Sack, Ferdinandi Deppe et Chr. Guil. Schiede im Museum Zoologicum Berolinense Pervenerunt. Pars prima, saurorum species. Berlin, Lüderitz, iv + 54 pp. - get paper here
  • Williams, E.E.; Rand, H.; Rand, A.S. & O’Hara, R.J. 1995. A computer approach to the comparison and identification of species in difficult taxonomic groups. Breviora (502): 1-47 - get paper here
External links  
Is it interesting? Share with others:

As link to this species use URL address:

without field 'search_param'. Field 'search_param' is used for browsing search result.

Please submit feedback about this entry to the curator