Anolis chamaeleonides DUMÉRIL & BIBRON, 1837
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|Higher Taxa||Anolidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)|
|Common Names||E: Short-bearded Anole|
|Synonym||Anolis chamaeleonides DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1837: 168|
Chamaeolis [sic] fernandina COCTEAU 1838: 90
Pseudochamaeleon cocteaui FITZINGER 1843: 63
Chamaeleolis fernandina — GRAY 1845: 196
Chamaeleolis chamaeleontides — BOULENGER 1885: 7
Chamaeleolis chamaeleontides — BARBOUR & RAMSDEN 1919: 128
Chamaeleolis chamaeleonides — BARBOUR 1935: 165
Chamaeleolis chamaeleonides — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 381
Anolis chamaeleonides — HASS et al 1993
Chamaeleolis chamaeleonides — RODRÍGUEZ SCHETTINO 1999: 165
Chamaeleolis chamaeleonides — KARCH 2002
Xiphosurus chamaeleonides — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Anolis (Chamaeleolis) chamaeleonides — RODRIGUEZ-SCHETTINO et al. 2013
Xiphosurus chamaeleonides — NICHOLSON et al. 2018
|Distribution||Cuba, Isla de la Juventud|
Type locality: Cuba; restricted by Garrido and Schwartz, 1968 a, to vicinity of La Habana, La Habana Province, Cuba.
|Types||Holotype: MNHN-RA 1004 (by monotypy; fide Brygoo 1989). MNHN-RA 2467, MNHN-RA 2467A and MNHN-RA 2467B sometimers considered as 3 additional syntypes; lectotype designated MNHN-RA 2467B|
|Diagnosis||DESCRIPTION: Size large (SVL in males to 177 mm, in females to 172 mm); tail longer than SVL in adults; paramedian gular scales small, truncate, short, conical to pyramidal; supralabials separated from circumorbital ring by 1-2 (strongly modally 1) rows of scales; totalloreals 30-87; lateral dorsals subcircular to irregular, with many smaller interstitial scales; ventrals small to tiny (42-83 in snout-eye distance); zone of transition between large lateral scales and ventrals relatively gradual; scales on lower jaw below angle of jaw heavily rugose; posterior expanded portion of casque with relatively large scales. Dorsum light gray, grayish, or brown with black spots, vermiculations, and dots, or grayish beige with a series of black vermiculations over entire body, most noticeable on sides of venter and along sides of dorsal crest; sides often with purplish or violet spots; venter pure white with black to gray spots, or whitish with leopard-like spots along junction between laterals and ventrals, under hindlimbs, region of vent, throat, and anterior portion of dewlap, or sandy white with dirty yellow spots as far anterior as throat; casque spotted with black dots (more widely separated black dots on sides of face), or reticulated or spotted with blackish dots or spots; fused eyelids beige to grayish with about 6 radiating lines; at times with a black spot above axilla; tongue inky blue posteriorly and anteriorly, with a yellowish, transverse area between base and blue-black tip; hindlimbs greenish gray; dewlap present in both sexes, gray basally, edges with very pale peach (male), brownish violet basally, pale pink distally (female), dull, whitish pink crossed by about 6 diffuse, whitish bars, spotted with brownish or yellowish leopard-like spots (female); tail with 7 broad, purplish to violet bands (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 381).|
|Comment||Synonymy: The genus Chamaeleolis was synonymized within Anolis by Hass et al. (1993). Chamaeolis recently was proposed as the correct spelling of the generic name for this taxon (Frost and Etheridge, 1989), however, this spelling previously was investigated and was found to be incorrect (Garrido and Schwartz, 1968).|
Species group: Xiphosurus chamaeleonides species group (fide NICHOLSON et al. 2012).
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