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Anolis chamaeleonides DUMÉRIL & BIBRON, 1837

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Short-bearded Anole 
SynonymAnolis chamaeleonides DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1837: 168
Chamaeolis [sic] fernandina COCTEAU 1838: 90
Pseudochamaeleon cocteaui FITZINGER 1843: 63
Chamaeleolis fernandina — GRAY 1845: 196
Chamaeleolis chamaeleontides — BOULENGER 1885: 7
Chamaeleolis chamaeleonides — BARBOUR 1935: 165
Chamaeleolis chamaeleonides — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 381
Anolis chamaeleonides — HASS et al 1993
Chamaeleolis chamaeleonides — RODRÍGUEZ SCHETTINO 1999: 165
Chamaeleolis chamaeleonides — KARCH 2002
Xiphosurus chamaeleonides — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Anolis (Chamaeleolis) chamaeleonides — RODRIGUEZ-SCHETTINO et al. 2013
Xiphosurus chamaeleonides — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 
DistributionCuba, Isla de la Juventud

Type locality: Cuba; restricted by Garrido and Schwartz, 1968 a, to vicinity of La Habana, La Habana Province, Cuba.  
TypesHolotype: MNHN-RA 1004 (by monotypy; fide Brygoo 1989). MNHN-RA 2467, MNHN-RA 2467A and MNHN-RA 2467B sometimers considered as 3 additional syntypes; lectotype designated MNHN-RA 2467B 
CommentSynonymy: The genus Chamaeleolis was synonymized within Anolis by Hass et al. (1993). Chamaeolis recently was proposed as the correct spelling of the generic name for this taxon (Frost and Etheridge, 1989), however, this spelling previously was investigated and was found to be incorrect (Garrido and Schwartz, 1968).

Species group: Xiphosurus chamaeleonides species group (fide NICHOLSON et al. 2012). 
  • Barbour, T. 1935. A second list of Antillean reptiles and amphibians. Zoologica 19 (3): 77-141 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Cocteau, J.-T. and G. Bibron 1838. Reptiles, in R. de la Sagra. Historia Física, Política y Natural de la Isla de Cuba, Tomo IV. Arthus Bertrand, Paris, 142 pp. [1838-1843 - index on page 143] - get paper here
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1837. Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complete des Reptiles. Vol. 4. Libr. Encyclopédique Roret, Paris, 570 pp. - get paper here
  • Fitzinger, L. 1843. Systema Reptilium, fasciculus primus, Amblyglossae. Braumüller et Seidel, Wien: 106 pp. - get paper here
  • Frost,D.R. & Etheridge,R.E. 1989. A Phylogenetic Analysis and Taxonomy of Iguanian Lizards (Reptilia: Squamata). Misc. Publ. Univ. Kans. Mus. Nat. Hist. 81: 1-62 - get paper here
  • Garrido,O.H. & Schwartz,A. 1968. Cuban lizards of the genus Chamaeleolis. Quarterly J. Florida Acad. Sci. 30: 197-220 [1967] - get paper here
  • Gray, J. E. 1845. Catalogue of the specimens of lizards in the collection of the British Museum. Trustees of die British Museum/Edward Newman, London: xxvii + 289 pp. - get paper here
  • Haberham, Z.L. 2003. De Onechte Kameleon, Anolis (Chamaeleolis) chamaeleonides. Lacerta 61 (6): 201-202 - get paper here
  • Hass, C. A., S. B. Hedges, and L. R. Maxson. 1993. Molecular insights into the relationships and biogeography of West Indian anoline lizards. Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 21: 97-114. - get paper here
  • Holáňová V., Rehák I. & Frynta D. 2012. Anolis sierramaestrae sp. nov. (Squamata: Polychrotidae) of the “chamaeleolis” species group from Eastern Cuba. Acta Societatis Zoologicae Bohemicae 76 (1–2): 45–52. - get paper here
  • Karch, P. 2002. Bemerkungen zur Gattung Chamaeleolis. Iguana Rundschreiben 15 (2): 11-12
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2004. Phylogeny of anoles. Herpetological Monographs 18: 37-89 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Rodríguez Schettino, Lourdes (ed.) 1999. The iguanid lizards of Cuba. University Press of Florida, 428 pp.
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
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