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Anolis cyanopleurus COPE, 1861

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
SubspeciesAnolis cyanopleurus cyanopleurus COPE 1861
Anolis cyanopleurus orientalis GARRIDO 1975 
Common NamesE: Green Fern Anole, Yateras Anole 
SynonymAnolis (Dracontura) cyanopleurus COPE 1861: 211
Anolis cyanopleurus — BOULENGER 1885: 69
Anolis cyanopleurus — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 247
Anolis cyanopleurus — RODRÍGUEZ SCHETTINO 1999: 299
Anolis cyanopleurus — NICHOLSON et al. 2005
Anolis cyanopleurus — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Anolis cyanopleurus — NICHOLSON et al. 2018

Anolis cyanopleurus cyanopleurus COPE 1861
Anolis cyanopleurus cyanopleurus — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Anolis cyanopleurus cyanopleurus — NICHOLSON et al. 2018

Anolis cyanopleurus orientalis GARRIDO 1975
Anolis cyanopleurus orientalis — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Anolis cyanopleurus orientalis — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 
DistributionSE Cuba

cyanopleurus: northern Guantânamo Province and extreme eastern Holguin Province. Type locality: Monte Verde, Guantánamo Province, Cuba; emended by Garrido, 1975, to "La Prenda," Yateras, Guantánamo Province, Cuba.

orientalis: southern Guantânamo Province, from Punta Maisi to upper Rio Ovando. Altitudinal distribution 1000 ft. to 2000 ft.; Type locality: vicinity of Punta de Maisí, Baracoa, Oriente province, Cuba.  
TypesSyntypes: USNM 62068-70.
Holotype: CZACC = IZ 1564 [orientalis] 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size small (SVL in males to 43 mm, in females to 36 mm); habitus
attenuate, tail long; 4 loreal rows; scales between supraorbitals 1-2 (strongly modally 1); 1-4 (mode 3) scales between interparietal and supraorbital semi-circles; head scales longitudinally striate; 5 postrostrals; 2-4 postmentals; sub-oculars in contact with supralabials; dorsals large, truncate, in about 6 rows, multi-carinate; lateral scales not imbricate, small; limb scales including supradigital scales multicarinate; ventrals keeled, anterior ventrals in longitudinal and diagonal rows, posterior ventrals in vague, longitudinal or transverse rows; tail very long, 3 x SVL, laterally compressed. Dorsum (males) leaf-green to olive-green or clear chestnut except for pink to beige to tan or grayish yellow middorsal band, prominent against green ground, set off from green color by a brown line; 2 angulate black markings behind eye; iris pale blue or greenish; venter yellow-green; dewlap yellowish green, scales concolor with skin; tail with 1 in. mid-portion smoke-colored; dorsum (females) bright to dark green (in metachrosis), middorsal band wide, cinnamon-beige; posterior face of hindlimbs chestnut with some clear spots; a white labial line continuing below the forelimbs, prominent between fore- and hindlimbs; dark, angulate postocular markings as in males; throat lime-green; venter whitish mixed with mustard-yellow, almost green; a greenish midventral line; iris greenish (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 247). 
CommentFor illustrations see Bocourt, 1881; Barbour and Ramsden, 1919; Ruibal, 1964; Peters, 1970; Garrido, 1975.

Species group: Anolis alutaceus species group (fide NICHOLSON et al. 2012). 
  • Barbour, T. and C. T. Ramsden. 1919. The herpetology of Cuba. Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., Harvard Coll. 47: 69-213. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1861. Notes and descriptions of anoles. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 13: 208-215. - get paper here
  • Garrido, O. H. 1975. Distribución y variación del complejo Anolis cyanopleurus (Lacertilia: Iguanidae) en Cuba. Poeyana 143:1-58.
  • Nicholson, K. E., R. E. Glor, J. J. Kolbe, A. Larson, S. B. Hedges, and J. B. Losos 2005. Mainland colonization by island lizards. Journal of Biogeography 32: 929–938 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Peters, G. 1970. Zur Taxionomie und Zoogeographie der kubanischen anolinen Eidechsen (Reptilia, Iguanide). Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin 46: 197-234. - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2004. Phylogeny of anoles. Herpetological Monographs 18: 37-89 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Rodríguez Schettino, Lourdes (ed.) 1999. The iguanid lizards of Cuba. University Press of Florida, 428 pp.
  • Rodríguez Schettino, Lourdes, Carlos A. Mancina & Vilma Rivalta González 2013. REPTILES OF CUBA: CHECKLIST AND GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTIONS. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (144): 1-96 - get paper here
  • Ruibal, R. 1964. An annotated checklist and key to the anoline lizards of Cuba. Bull. Mus. comp. Zool. Harvard 130 (8): 475-520. - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
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