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Anolis eladioi KÖHLER & HEDGES, 2016

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Baoruco Green Anole 
SynonymAnolis eladioi KÖHLER & HEDGES 2016: 96
Anolis singularis WILLIAMS 1965: 9
Anolis singularis — SCHWARTZ & THOMAS 1975 (in part.)
Anolis singularis — SCHWARTZ 1980 (in part.)
Anolis singularis — HENDERSON & INCHAUSTEGUI 1984 (in part.)
Anolis singularis — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1988 (in part.)
Anolis singularis — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991 (in part.)
Anolis singularis — POWELL et al. 1996 (in part.)
Anolis singularis — HENDERSON & POWELL 2009 (in part.)
Derioptyx eladioi — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 (in error) 
DistributionDominican Republic (Pedernales)

Type locality: Los Arroyos (18.23679, -71.75261), 1265 m elevation, Province Pedernales, Dominican Republic  
TypesHolotype: SMF 97971, an adult male; collected 30 October 2013 by Gunther Köhler and Eladio Fernández. Field tag number GK-4808. Paratypes. All from Province Pedernales, Dominican Republic: SMF 97984 (KJ566864, KJ566909), 97985, 97986 (KJ566865, KJ566910), 97987–89, 97991 (KJ566866, KJ566911), 97993, 97995, 97996 (KJ566868, KJ566913), 98032, 98193–94, same collecting data as holotype. KU 253064, 1 km N Los Arroyos, collected 27 May 1969 by J. A. Rogers jr. KU 216091, 2.6 mi S Los Arroyos, collected 25 August 1971 by local collectors and given to Albert Schwartz. KU 216089, 5 km NE Los Arroyos, collected 27 June 1964 by local collectors and given to Albert Schwartz. KU 216092, 7 km N Cabeza de Agua, collected 20 December 1976 by local collectors and given to Albert Schwartz. MCZ R-150005, 100 m E km 25 marker, Alcoa Road, collector and collecting date unknown. SMF 97990, 97994 (KJ566867, KJ566912), Parque Nacional Sierra de Bahoruco, La Charca (18.12103, -71.59775), 1150 m, collected 31 October 2013 by Gunther Köhler and Marcos Rodríguez. USNM 558718 (KJ566846, KJ566900), Mencia- Altagracia road, 1 km S Altagracia (18.18342, -71.72837), 700 m, collected at unknown date by local collectors. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. A moderate-sized to moderately large species of Anolis that differs from all other Hispaniolan congeners except A. aliniger, A. divius, A. singularis, and the species described below by the combination of having (1) predominantly green overall coloration in life (capable of rapid color change to brown); (2) no white subocular stripe and no white streak onto lateral neck (3) relatively short hind legs (fourth toe of adpressed hind leg reaching to ear opening or only slightly beyond ear opening); (4) the ventral scales at midbody smooth; (5) <38 subdigital lamellae on Phalanges II–IV of Toe IV of hind limbs; (6) male dewlap yellowish green or brown (after metachrosis) in life with longitudinal single rows of gorgetal scales or gorgetals not arranged in rows, central gorgetal scales smaller than those on posterior portion of dewlap; and (7) a relatively short tail (ratio tail length/SVL <1.7). Among the Anolis species occuring treated in this contribution, A. eladioi is most similar to A. aliniger, A. divius, A. singularis, and the species described below. Anolis eladioi differs from A. aliniger by the lack of a black axillary blotch (vs. such a blotch usually present in) and by having a pale blue to grayish blue iris in life (vs. brown to reddish brown in A. aliniger). Anolis eladioi differs from A. singularis (1) by usually having the sublabial scales much larger than median scales adjacent to them (vs. sublabial scales about the same size as scales medially adjacent to this row in A. singularis) and (2) by having the two median dorsal scale rows only slightly enlarged, usually less than twice the size of the adjacent scales (vs. the two median dorsal scale rows distinctly enlarged, about twice the size of the adjacent scales in A. singularis). Anolis eladioi differs from A. divius by having the central gorgetal scales smaller than those on posterior portion of dewlap (vs. central gorgetals about subequal in size as those on posterior portion of dewlap in A. divius), and by having an overall green coloration (vs. some body parts pale to bright blue in A. divius). For differences between A. eladioi and the species described below, see the respective accounts of the new species. 
CommentDistribution: see map in KÖHLER & HEDGES 2016: 85 (Fig. 59).

Conservation. Given its presumably small geographic range, KÖHLER & HEDGES 2016 consider the conservation status of Anolis eladioi to be Critically Endangered based on criterion B1ab (iii) of the IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria (IUCN 2012). 
EtymologyThe name eladioi is a patronym honoring Eladio Fernández, Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, who first alerted SBH to this species. 
  • Henderson, R.W., and Schwartz, A. 1984. A guide to the identification of the amphibians and reptiles of Hispaniola. Spec. PubI. Milwaukee Public Mus. Biol. and Geol. (4):1-70.
  • Köhler, Gunther and S. Blair Hedges 2016. A revision of the green anoles of Hispaniola with description of eight new species (Reptilia, Squamata, Dactyloidae). NOVITATES CARIBAEA 9: 1-135 - get paper here
  • Kwet, Axel 2017. Neue Arten: Liste der im Jahr 2016 neu beschriebenen Reptilien. Terraria-Elaphe 2017 (3): 54-70 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Powell, R., R. W. Henderson, K. Adler, And H. A. Dundee. 1996. An annotated checklist of West Indian amphibians and reptiles. In R. Powell and R. W. Henderson (eds.), Contributions to West Indian Herpetology: A Tribute to Albert Schwartz, p.51-93. Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, Ithaca (New York). Contributions to Herpetology, volume 12. [book review in Salamandra 36 (2): 136]
  • Schwartz, A. 1980. The herpetogeography of Hispaniola, West Indies. Stud. on the Fauna of Curacao and other Caribbean Islands 61: 86-127. - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1988. West Indian Amphibian and Reptiles: A Checklist. Milwaukee Publ. Mus. Contr. Biol. Geol. No. 74: 264 pp.
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Schwartz, A. and R. Thomas. 1975. A checklist of West Indian amphibians and reptiles. Carnegie Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ. 1:1-216. - get paper here
  • Williams, E. E. 1965. The species of Hispaniolan green anoles (Sauria, Iguanidae). Breviora (227): 1-16. - get paper here
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