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Anolis fowleri SCHWARTZ, 1973

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Green-banded Anole, Fowler's Anole 
SynonymAnolis fowleri SCHWARTZ 1973: 186
Anolis fowleri — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 265
Anolis fowleri — NICHOLSON et al. 2005
Chamaelinorops fowleri — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Chamaelinorops fowleri — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 
DistributionHispaniola (Dominican Republic: Cordillera Central)

Type locality: 18.5 km SE Constanza, 5800 ft. (1769 m), La Vega Province, República Dominicana.  
TypesHolotype: CM 54131. 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size moderate (SVL in males to 77 mm, in females to 75 mm); 5--6 (mode 5) rows of loreals; scales between supraorbitals 0-1; 1-2 (strongly modally 1) scales between interparietal and supraorbital semicircles; head scales papillose to rugose in males, smooth to weakly rugose in females, smallest on snout; sub-oculars in contact with supralabials; interparietal in a deeply entrenched depression in males, less so in females; 6 postrostrals; 2-3 (mode 2) postmentals; dorsal scales small, more or less granular, keeled to studor boss-like middorsally, smaller on flanks; ventral scales smooth, in more or less transverse rows; dewlap present in both sexes, not inset, scales elongate, ridged, larger than midthroat scales, arranged in well-spaced longitudinal rows, smaller and more crowded along free margin; all dorsal limb scales (including supradigital scales) multicarinate; tail round, uncrested, equal to about 2.5 x SVL, weakly verticillate, each verticil with 4--6 unicarinate scales ventrally. Strongly sexually dichromatic: dorsum (males) brown (not known to be metachrotic) with a camouflage pattern of various shades of browns, tans, greens, and grays; dorsum (females and juveniles) with a median dorsal tan to brown stripe and 3 diagonal bars, the most posterior at times absent or reduced, across flanks, joined by a ventrolateral stripe, all pattern elements at times outlined by black; a lateronuchal yellow-to-cream blotch; ground color bright emerald-green or dark brown (in metachrosis); dewlap brown centrally, yellow peripherally in males, rich chocolate brown in females; iris bluegreen in adults, brown in juveniles (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 265). 
CommentFor illustrations see Schwartz, 1973. 
EtymologyNamed after Danny C. Fowler who worked with Schwartz. 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Mahler, D. Luke 2010. Natural history observations for two montane anole species from the Dominican Republic. Anolis Newsletter VI: 115 - get paper here
  • Nicholson, K. E., R. E. Glor, J. J. Kolbe, A. Larson, S. B. Hedges, and J. B. Losos 2005. Mainland colonization by island lizards. Journal of Biogeography 32: 929–938 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2004. Phylogeny of anoles. Herpetological Monographs 18: 37-89 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. 1973. A new species of montane Anolis (Sauria, Iguanidae) from Hispaniola. Annals of the Carnegie Museum 44: 183-195.
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Williams, E. E. and T. P. Webster. 1974. Anolis rupinae new species, a syntopic sibling of A. monticola Shreve. Breviora (429): 1-22 - get paper here
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