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Anolis fraseri GÜNTHER, 1859

IUCN Red List - Anolis fraseri - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Fraser's Anole 
SynonymAnolis fraseri GÜNTHER 1859: 407
Anolis de Villei BOULENGER 1880: 42 (fide PETERS & DONOSO-BARROS)
Anolis fraseri — BOULENGER 1885: 65
Anolis fraseri — WILLIAMS 1966: 3
Anolis fraseri — PETERS et al. 1970: 53
Anolis fraseri — WILLIAMS 1988
Dactyloa fraseri — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Dactyloa fraseri — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 
DistributionEcuador (Western Andes), Colombia (incl. Valle del Cauca, Western Andes)

Type locality: Andes of Western Ecuador.  
TypesLectotype: BMNH 1946.8.8.47 (Williams, 1966) 
CommentSynonymy: BOULENGER 1885 listed Anolis fraseri as synonym of A. copii which is now considered as a synonym of Norops biporcatus.

Species group: Dactyloa latifrons species group (NICHOLSON et al. 2012). 
EtymologyNamed after Louis Fraser (1810-1866), a zoologist, collector, curator, explorer, zookeeper, consul, author, dealer, and taxidermist. He was employed at the museum ofthe Zoological Society, London (1832-1841 and 1842-1846), and collected in the Americas and Africa. 
  • Arteaga AF, Bustamante-Enríquez LM and Guayasamin JM 2013. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Mindo. - get paper here
  • AYALA-VARELA, F. ., VALVERDE, S. ., POE, S. ., NARVÁEZ, A. E. ., YÁNEZ-MUÑOZ, M. H. ., & TORRES-CARVAJAL, O. . 2021. A new giant anole (Squamata: Iguanidae: Dactyloinae) from southwestern Ecuador. Zootaxa, 4991(2): 295–317 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1880. Reptiles et Batraciens recueillis par M. Emile de Ville dans les Andes de l'équateur. Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France 5: 41-48 - get paper here
  • Castro-Herrera, F. & Vargas-Salinas, F. 2008. Anfibios y reptiles en el departamento del Valle del Cauca, Colombia. Biota Colombiana 9 (2): 251 - 277 - get paper here
  • Castro-Herrera, F.; Bolívar-García, W. & Herrera-Montes, M.I. 2007. Guía de los Anfibios y Reptiles des Bosque de Yotoco, Valle deel Cauca, Colombia. Universidad del Valle, Cali, Colombia, 70 pp. - get paper here
  • Chun, Wesley 2010. Miscellaneous notes on some rare and unusual anoles. Anolis Newsletter VI: 14-22 - get paper here
  • Günther,A. 1859. Second list of cold-blooded vertebrata collected by Mr. Fraser in the Andes of Western Ecuador. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1859: 402-422 - get paper here
  • Günther,A. 1860. Third list of the col-blooded vertebrata collected by Mr. Fraser in Ecuador. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1860: 233-240 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2004. Phylogeny of anoles. Herpetological Monographs 18: 37-89 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Torres-Carvajal O, Pazmiño-Otamendi G, Salazar-Valenzuela D. 2019. Reptiles of Ecuador: a resource-rich portal, with a dynamic checklist and photographic guides. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 13 (1): [General Section]: 209–229 (e178) - get paper here
  • Williams E E 1988. New or problematic Anolis from Colombia. 5. Anolis danieli, a new species of the latifrons species group and a reassessment of Anolis appollinaris Boulenger, 1919. Breviora (489): 1-25 - get paper here
  • Williams, Ernest E. 1966. South American anoles: Anolis biporcatus and Anolis fraseri (Sauria, Iguanidae) compared. Breviora (239): 1-14 - get paper here
  • Williams,E.E. 1963. Studies on South American anoles. Description of Anolis mirus, new species from Rio San Juan, Colombia, with comment on digital dilation and dewlap as generic and specific characters in the anoles. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 129: 463-480 - get paper here
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