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Anolis ginaelisae (LOTZKAT, HERTZ, BIENENTREU & KÖHLER, 2013)

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
SynonymDactyloa ginaelisae LOTZKAT, HERTZ, BIENENTREU & KÖHLER 2013
Anolis microtus — 1937 (part.)
Dactyloa ginaelisae — KWET 2014
Dactyloa ginaelisae — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 
DistributionW Panama

Type locality: banks of Quebrada Juglí (Fig. 19F in LOTZKAT et al. 2013) on the southeastern slope of Cerro Saguí (also known as Cerro Ratón; locality 11 in Fig. 1) at Finca Alto Cedro, about 2 km north-northeast of the village Ratón, 8.5576°N, 81.8262°W, 1710 m asl, Corregimiento de Piedra Roja, Distrito de Kankintú, Comarca Ngöbe-Buglé, Panama.  
TypesHolotype: SMF 91504 (Figs. 2; 8; 9S–T), adult male; collected by Andreas Hertz and Sebastian Lotzkat on 08 July 2010; original field number SL 660. Paratypes. Collected by Sebastian Lotzkat and Andreas Hertz, if not indicated otherwise. All from the Comarca Ngöbe-Buglé, Panama. Southeastern slope of Cerro Saguí (Fig. 1: loc. 11): MHCH 2240, juvenile female, same collecting data as holotype; MHCH 2239 and SMF 91503, females, near type locality, 8.5561°N, 81.8252°W, 1700 m asl, 07 July 2010; SMF 91502, juvenile female, about 850 m NNE of type locality, 8.5636°N, 81.8217°W, 1960 m asl, 08 July 2010. Western slope of Cerro Santiago, La Nevera (Fig. 1: loc. 14): SMF 89496 and 89497, juvenile female and adult female, 8.4997°N, 81.7724°W, 1700 m asl, 11 May and 17 August 2008; SMF 85069, juvenile female, 8.5000°N, 81.7722°W, 1600 m asl, collected by Abel Batista, Gunther Köhler, Marcos Ponce, and Javier Sunyer on 22 January 2006; SMF 89498, male, 8.5011°N, 81.7694°W, 1580 m asl, 14 August 2008; MHCH 2235, juvenile female, 8.5018°N, 81.7689°W, 1560 m asl, 10 August 2008; MHCH 2238, female, 8.4989°N, 81.7682°W, 1620 m asl, 11 November 2009; MHCH 2234, female, 8.5032°N, 81.7675°W, 1530 m asl, 10 August 2008; SMF 90133, female, 8.4954°N, 81.7673°W, 1810 m asl, 11 November 2009. Eastern slope of Cerro Santiago, Quebrada Ardilla (Fig. 1: loc. 15): MHCH 1338, female, 8.4974°N, 81.7228°W, 1600 m asl, 24 March 2009. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. A large species (maximum SVL 112 mm) of the genus Dactyloa (sensu Nicholson et al. 2012) that is most similar in external morphology to the other members of this genus found in western Panama (D. casildae, D. frenata, D. ibanezi, D. insignis, D. kunayalae, and D. microtus). These species share a moderate to large adult size (SVL > 70 mm), a large dewlap and enlarged postcloacal scales in males, and smooth or faintly keeled ventrals. Dactyloa ginaelisae can readily be distinguished from these six species by its color pattern described below and shown in Figs. 2, 8, 9, and 18R–S. It further differs from all mentioned species except D. microtus by its low numbers of horizontal loreal rows (4 or fewer in D. ginaelisae vs. 5 or more) and total loreal scales (25 or fewer in D. ginaelisae vs. 39 or more), and by its low number of scales around midbody (100 or usually much fewer in D. ginaelisae vs. 110 or more). Moreover, D. ginaelisae differs from D. casildae, D. frenata, and D. ibanezi in having short legs (tip of fourth toe of adpressed hind limb reaching to a point between tympanum and eye, very rarely to posterior border of eye, in D. ginaelisae vs. beyond eye; shank length/SVL = 0.22 or less in D. ginaelisae vs. 0.25 or more). Among the short-legged species of Dactyloa in western Panama, D. ginaelisae further differs from D. insignis in having fewer subdigital lamellae under the fourth toe (50 or fewer in D. ginaelisae vs. 52 or more) as well as under the fourth finger (36 or fewer in D. ginaelisae vs. 40), and from D. kunayalae in having more subdigital lamellae under the fourth toe (41 or more in D. ginaelisae vs. 35 or fewer) as well as under the fourth finger (29 or more in D. ginaelisae vs. 25 or fewer). Dactyloa ginaelisae is very similar to D. microtus, from which it differs in having longer legs (tip of fourth toe of adpressed hind limb reaching to a point between tympanum and eye in D. ginaelisae vs. to a point between shoulder and tympanum in D. microtus; shank length/ SVL = 0.19 or more in D. ginaelisae vs. 0.183 or less) and by its conspicuous and clear-cut coloration pattern between eye and shoulder (a prominent light stripe extending from supralabials posteriorly above or a across the ear before bending down towards shoulder, delineating a dark preaxillary blotch above and posteriorly, and paralleled above by a dark postorbital stripe with darker borders that extends at least to a level above the preaxillary blotch in D. ginaelisae vs. light postsupralabial and dark postorbital stripe oriented more ventrally and losing their conspicuousness around ear). 
Etymology“Sebastian Lotzkat dedicates this exceptionally beautiful new species to his even more enchanting fiancée Gina Elisa Moog, who has made more than a third of his life worthwhile by now, in deepest gratitude for that wonderful time and pleasant anticipation of a mutual future.” 
  • Kwet, Axel 2014. Liste der im Jahr 2013 neu beschriebenen Reptilien. Terraria-Elaphe 2014 (3): 56-67 - get paper here
  • LOTZKAT, SEBASTIAN; ANDREAS HERTZ, JOE-FELIX BIENENTREU & GUNTHER KÖHLER 2013. Distribution and variation of the giant alpha anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) of the genus Dactyloa in the highlands of western Panama, with the description of a new species formerly referred to as D. microtus. Zootaxa 3626 (1): 1–54 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
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