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Anolis gruuo KÖHLER, PONCE, SUNYER & BATISTA, 2007

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymAnolis gruuo KÖHLER, PONCE, SUNYER & BATISTA 2007
Norops gruuo — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Norops gruuo — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 
DistributionWC Panama (Serranía de Tabasará)

Type locality: near the headwaters of Río San Félix, ca. 2 km N Escopeta Camp, ca. 8° 32’ N, 81° 50 W, Serranía de Tabasará, 900 m elevation, Comarca Ngöbe Bugle, Distrito de Nole Düima, Corregimiento de Jadeberi, Panama.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: SMF 85416 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. A medium-sized species (snout–vent length [SVL] in largest specimen 47.0 mm) of the genus Anolis (sensu Poe, 2004) that is most similar in external morphology to a cluster of Central American species that are short-legged (longest toe of adpressed hindlimb reaches only to tympanum), have a single elongated prenasal scale, smooth ventral scales, and slender habitus, often delicate (i.e., Anolis altae, A. carpenteri, A. exsul, A. fortunensis, A. fuscoauratus, A. kemptoni). Anolis gruuo differs from the species in this cluster by the following characteristics (condition for A. gruuo in parentheses): Anolis altae: 134–154, mean 141.0, scales around midbody (116–132, mean 126.0), ratio tail length / SVL 1.80–2.22, mean 2.01 (1.70–1.76, mean 1.73); tail not conspicuously contrastingly dark and pale banded (contrasting banding present); no dewlap in females (a small orange dewlap in females). Anolis carpenteri: tail not conspicuously contrastingly dark and pale banded (contrasting banding present); dorsal coloration with a greenish cast in life (no greenish cast in life); no dewlap in females (a small orange dewlap in females). Anolis exsul: hemipenis unilobate (bilobate); male dewlap orange at base with cherry red margin (male dewlap orange); a small white dewlap in females (a small orange dewlap in females); no enlarged postanal scales in males (distinctly enlarged). Anolis fortunensis: hemipenis unilobate (bilobate); male dewlap yellowish orange at base with orange red margin (male dewlap orange). Anolis fuscoauratus: male dewlap pinkishbrown to red (orange); no dewlap in females (a small orange dewlap in females); no enlarged postanal scales in males (distinctly enlarged). Anolis kemptoni: hemipenis unilobate (bilobate); dewlap in females white (orange); male dewlap bicolored: posterior portion rose pink, anterior portion orange (male dewlap orange). 
CommentSpecies group: Norops auratus Species Group (fide Nicholson et al. 2012) 
Etymologynamed after a local name used by the Ngöbe indians for small lizards that have a dewlap. 
References
  • Flores, E. E. and B. Peña 2017. Geographic Distribution: Anolis gruuo. Herpetological Review 48 (2): 388 - get paper here
  • Köhler, G. 2008. Reptiles of Central America. 2nd Ed. Herpeton-Verlag, 400 pp.
  • Kohler, G. 2011. A new species of anole related to Anolis altae from Volcán Tenorio, Costa Rica (Reptilia, Squamata, Polychrotidae). Zootaxa 3120: 29-42 - get paper here
  • Köhler, Gunther; Marcos Ponce, Javier Sunyer, and Abel Batista 2007. FOUR NEW SPECIES OF ANOLES (GENUS ANOLIS) FROM THE SERRANÍA DE TABASARÁ, WEST-CENTRAL PANAMA (SQUAMATA: POLYCHROTIDAE). Herpetologica 63 (3): 375-391 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Ponce, M. & Köhler, G. 2008. Morphological variation in anoles related to Anolis kemptoni in Panama. Salamandra 44 (2): 65-83 - get paper here
 
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