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Anolis jacare BOULENGER, 1903

IUCN Red List - Anolis jacare - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Jacare Anole 
SynonymAnolis jacare BOULENGER 1903: 482
Anolis jacare — PETERS et al. 1970: 56
Anolis nigropunctatus WILLIAMS 1974
Dactyloa jacare — SAVAGE & GUYER 1989: 108
Dactyloa nigropunctata — SAVAGE & GUYER 1989: 108
Anolis nigropunctatus — LA MARCA & SORIANO 2004
Anolis jacare — UGUETO ET AL. 2007
Anolis nigropunctatus — ROJAS-RUNJAIC et al. 2007
Dactyloa jacare — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Dactyloa jacare — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 
DistributionVenezuela (Trujillo, Mérida, Táchira, Zulia), E Colombia; elevation 1400–2200 m.

Type locality: Mérida, Venezuela, elevation 1600 m.

nigropunctatus: NE Colombia, W Venezuela; Type locality: Colombia, Norte de Santander, El Diamante.  
TypesSyntypes: BMNH 1946.8.12.80-84 (formerly BMNH 1903.4.28.3-7)
Holotype: ILS 21 [nigropunctatus] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. A medium-sized anole with males reaching maximum SVL of 74.5 mm and females 68 mm. Head with moderately large, smooth or weakly keeled scales; supraocular semicircles usually distinct and separated by 0–2 scales; usually 3–5 small scales above supraciliar series, occasionally 3rd–4th enlarged; 0–4 scales between interparietal and supraorbital semicircles; scales around interparietal small, particularly those immediately posterior to it. Dorsal scales small, smooth or weakly keeled; an enlarged double row is frequently present, specially on males; a low, simple nuchal fold is present in males, that extends along the vertebral region of dorsum; ventrals larger than dorsals, smooth, squarish or roundish. Tibia 0.18–0.22 times SVL; digital expansions well developed and distinct. Males brownish, grayish or yellowish (sometimes with a greenish cast) frequently with a strongly dark reticulated pattern, usually becoming dotted posteriorly; females with a broad light vertebral stripe bordered by darker stripes or with short vertebral dark bands that do not usually extend conspicuously onto the flanks. Dewlap in males: yellow-ochre or orange-yellow with pale or dark scales; in female brownish, yellowish, greenish or grayish with dark spots and pale scales.
CommentAnolis nigropunctatus WILLIAMS 1974 has been synonymized with A. jacare by Ugueto et al. (2007).

Species groups: Dactyloa punctata species group (fide NICHOLSON et al. 2012). 
  • Boulenger, George A. 1903. On some batrachians and reptiles from Venezuela. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (7) 11 (65): 481-484 - get paper here
  • La Marca, E. & P.J. Soriano 2004. Reptiles de Los Andes de Venezuela. Fundación Polar, Conservación International, CODEPRE-ULA, Fundacite Mérida, BIOGEOS. Mérida, Venezuela. 173 pp.
  • La Marca,E. 1995. Geographic Distribution (Lacertilia): Anolis jacare. Herpetological Review 26 (1): 44 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Perdomo, Juan and Enrique La Marca. 2016. Anolis jacare (Little Andean Chameleon) Reproduction. Herpetological Review 47 (2): 293 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2004. Phylogeny of anoles. Herpetological Monographs 18: 37-89 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • RIVAS, GILSON A.; CÉSAR R. MOLINA, GABRIEL N. UGUETO, TITO R. BARROS, CÉSAR L. BAR- RIO-AMORÓS & PHILIPPE J. R. KOK 2012. Reptiles of Venezuela: an updated and commented checklist. Zootaxa 3211: 1–64 - get paper here
  • Rojas-Runjaic, Fernando J.M.; Rivero, Edwin E. Infante; Barrio-Amorós, César L.; Blanco, Tito R. Barros. 2007. New distributional records of amphibians and reptiles from Estado Zulia in the Maracaibo Basin, Venezuela. Herpetological Review 38 (2): 235-237 - get paper here
  • UGUETO, GABRIEL N.; GILSON RIVAS FUENMAYOR; TITO BARROS, SANTIAGO J. SÁNCHEZ- PACHECO & JUAN E. GARCÍA-PÉREZ 2007. A revision of the Venezuelan Anoles I: A new Anolis species from the Andes of Venezuela with the redescription of Anolis jacare Boulenger 1903 (Reptilia: Polychrotidae) and the clarification of the status of Anolis nigropunctatus Williams 1974. Zootaxa 1501: 1–30 - get paper here
  • Williams E E 1982. Three new species of the Anolis punctatus complex from Amazonian and inter-Audean Colombia, with comments on the eastern members of the punctatus species group. Breviora (467): 1-38 - get paper here
  • Williams E E, Reig,O.A., Kiblisky,P. & Rivero-Blanco,C. 1970. Anolis jacare BOULENGER, a solitary anole from the Andes of Venezuela. Breviora (353): 1-15 - get paper here
  • Williams,E.E. 1974. South American Anolis: Three new species related to Anolis nigrolineatus and A. dissimilis. Breviora (422): 1-15 - get paper here
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