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Anolis juangundlachi GARRIDO, 1975

IUCN Red List - Anolis juangundlachi - Critically Endangered, CR

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Yellow-lipped Grass Anole, Finca Ceres Anole 
SynonymAnolis juangundlachi GARRIDO 1975: 34
Anolis juangundlachi — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 282
Anolis juangundlachi — RODRÍGUEZ SCHETTINO 1999: 310
Anolis juangundlachi — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Anolis juangundlachi — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 
DistributionCuba (Matanzas)

Type locality: Finca Ceres (Los Montes), 4 km N Carlos Rojas, Matanzas Province, Cuba.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: CZACC (= IZAC = IZ) 3755. 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size small (SVL in males to 36 mm, in females to 31 mm); habitus
attenuate, tail long; totalloreals 16-28; scales between supraorbitals 1; 3-4 scales between interparietal and supraorbital semicircles; 5-7 postrostrals; 2-3 postmentals; about 8 rows of enlarged, keeled dorsals; ventrals keeled; supra-digital scales multicarinate. Dorsum (males) chestnut; head grayish brown, at times head and sides of body slightly greenish; median dorsal stripe barely discernible, with diffuse darker dots; a yellow median lateral band from forelimb insertion to hindlimbs; a black postocular spot; a pale yellow labial-postlabialline; tail with a I-in. median portion black, remainder straw-colored; posterior face of hindlimbs darker brown, at times mahogany; venter pale yellow, greener toward throat; dewlap pale yellow; iris blue; dorsum (females) more yellow than males, the pink middorsal stripe better defined by yellowish (slightly greenish) sides; borders of middorsal stripe at times darker; venter yellow, with inconspicuous median band darker; dewlap absent, but a pair of fine brown lines (almost aligned dots) present on throat (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 282). 
CommentFor illustrations see Garrido, 1975.

Species group: Anolis alutaceus species group (fide NICHOLSON et al. 2012).

Abundance: only known from the type locality (Meiri et al. 2017). 
EtymologyNamed after Johannes Christoph (Juan Cristóbal) Gundlach (1810- 1896), a German zoologist and ornithologist. who lived in Cuba for most of his life (1839-1896). 
References
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Garrido, O. H. 1975. Distribución y variación del complejo Anolis cyanopleurus (Lacertilia: Iguanidae) en Cuba. Poeyana 143:1-58.
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Rodríguez Schettino, Lourdes (ed.) 1999. The iguanid lizards of Cuba. University Press of Florida, 428 pp.
  • Rodríguez Schettino, Lourdes, Carlos A. Mancina & Vilma Rivalta González 2013. REPTILES OF CUBA: CHECKLIST AND GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTIONS. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (144): 1-96 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
 
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