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Anolis koopmani RAND, 1961

IUCN Red List - Anolis koopmani - Endangered, EN

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Haitian Brown Red-bellied Anole, Koopmans Anole 
SynonymAnolis koopmani RAND 1961:1
Anolis koopmani — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 284
Anolis koopmani — POWELL et al. 1999
Chamaelinorops koopmani — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Deiroptyx koopmani — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 
DistributionHispaniola (Haiti: southern slopes of Massif de la Hotte)

Type locality: Carrefour Canon, 350 m, near Ducis, north of Les Cayes, Département du Sud, Haiti.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: MCZ 62541. 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size small (SVL in males to 39 mm, in females to 33 mm); 5-8 rows of loreals; scales between supraorbitals 1-3; 3-5 scales between interparietal and supraorbital semicircles; head scales strongly keeled; frontal depression moderate; suboculars in contact with supralabials; 6-9 postrostrals; 5-6 postmentals; middorsal scales much larger than flank scales, 6-8 rows of middorsals enlarged; ventral scales larger than middorsals, imbricate, keeled; limb scales, including supradigital scales, multicarinate; tail round, verticils indistinct; dewlap small, scales slightly smaller than or subequal to ventrals, keeled. Dorsum (male) uniform gray-brown; a whitish line, black-edged above, from over shoulder to hind leg, indistinct for its posterior half; below this line, flanks with scattered dark spotting; venter yellow tinged with red; chin and throat pale, pinkish orange with a few scattered black spots; dewlap blue with yellow scales; dorsum (female) plain brown, with a middorsal stripe with scalloped margins outlined by darker brown or black; yellow to green stripe from below eye to over shoulder, continuing faintly to hindlimb; venter pale, pearly green, most intense on chest; iris blue in both sexes (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 284). 
Comment 
References
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Powell, Robert; José A. Ottenwalder and Sixto J. Incháustegui 1999. The Hispaniolan Herpetofauna: Diversity, Endemism, and Historical Perpectives, with Comments on Navassa Island. In Crother, Caribbean Amphibians and Reptiles, Academic Press, pp. 93-168 - get paper here
  • Rand, A. S. 1961. Notes on Hispaniolan herpetology 4. Anolis koopmani, new species, from the southwestern peninsula of Haiti. Breviora (137): 1-4. - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Williams, E. E. and T. P. Webster. 1974. Anolis rupinae new species, a syntopic sibling of A. monticola Shreve. Breviora (429): 1-22 - get paper here
 
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