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Anolis omiltemanus DAVIS, 1954

IUCN Red List - Anolis omiltemanus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaAnolidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Omilteme Anole
S: Abaniquillo Amarillo 
SynonymAnolis omiltemanus DAVIS 1954: 2
Anolis omiltemanus — DUELLMAN 1961
Anolis omiltemanus — FITCH 1970
Anolis omiltemanus — LIEB 1981
Anolis omiltemanus — FLORES-VILLELA et al. 1990
Norops omiltemanus — LINER 1994
Norops omiltemanus — NICHOLSON 2002
Anolis omiltemanus — LINER 2007
Norops omiltemanus — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Anolis omiltemanus — KÖHLER et al. 2014: 168
Norops omiltemanus — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 
DistributionMexico (Guerrero)

Type locality: two miles west of Omiltemi, 7800 feet elevation, Guerrero, Mexico.  
TypesHolotype: TCWC No. 10278, male; paratypes. TCWC. Nos. 10277 and 10279-81 (two males) 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. A small species (SVL in largest male 47.0 mm, largest female 48.0 mm) of the genus Anolis (sensu Poe 2004) that differs from all other Mexican and Central American congeners except A. dunni, A. gadovii, A. liogaster, and A. peucephilus by having (1) smooth ventral scales; (2) an oval patch of usually three greatly enlarged supraorbital scales; (3) a pair of greatly enlarged postcloacal scales in males. Anolis omiltemanus differs from A. dunni and A. gadovii by having 10–15 rows of dorsal scales moderately enlarged (vs. the middorsal scales not or only 2–4 rows slightly enlarged in A. dunni and A. gadovii). It further differs from A. dunni by having a uniform orange yellow male dewlap (vs. pinkish to orange red male dewlap with semicircular pale streaks and blotches in A. dunni). It also differs from A. gadovii by the absence of a bold reticulated body pattern (vs. such a pattern present in A. gadovii). Anolis omiltemanus differs from A. liogaster by having shorter hind legs with the longest toe of adpressed hind leg reaching to level of ear opening or to a point between shoulder and ear opening, ratio ShL/ SVL 0.18–0.23 (vs. usually to a point between posterior and anterior margin of eye or occasionally to a point between ear opening and eye in A. liogaster; ratio ShL/SVL 0.24–0.30), usually two pairs of greatly enlarged sublabial scales in contact with infralabial scales (vs. usually a single pair in A. liogaster), and an orange yellow male dewlap (vs. pink to purple in A. liogaster), as well as in the number of loreal scale rows (usually four, occasionally five, exceptionally three, in A. omiltemanus vs. commonly four or five, occasionally six, in A. liogaster) and in the number of scales between interparietal and supraorbital semicircles (usually one, commonly two, exceptionally zero, in A. omiltemanus vs. usually two, commonly one, occasionally three, in A. liogaster). Females of A. omiltemanus have a very small dirty white dewlap, whereas those of A. liogaster have a very small to small pink dewlap. In external morphology, A. omiltemanus is most similar to A. peucephilus from which it differs by having slightly longer hind legs with the longest toe of adpressed hind leg reaching usually to ear opening, occasionally to slightly beyond ear opening or to a point between shoulder and ear opening (vs. to a point between levels of axilla and ear opening in A. peucephilus), a slightly smaller dewlap in females, in largest female about 41 mm2 (vs. to 64 mm2 in A. peucephilus), the circumnasal separated from the first supralabial by the presence of a subnasal (the circumnasal usually in contact with the first supralabial in A. peucephilus), and 6–7 internasal scales (vs. 4–6 in A. peucephilus). Furthermore, A. omiltemanus differs from A. peucephilus in hemipenial morphology (a finger-like processus on asulcate side in A. omiltemanus vs. no such processus in A. peucephilus) (KÖHLER et al. 2014). 
CommentSpecies group: Norops auratus Species Group (fide Nicholson et al. 2012) 
EtymologyNamed after the type locality. 
  • Davis, William B. 1954. Three new anoles from Mexico. Herpetologica 10 (1): 1-6 - get paper here
  • Duellman, W.E. 1961. The amphibians and reptiles of Michoacan, Mexico. Univ. Kansas Publ. Mus. Nat. Hist. 15 (1) 148 pp. - get paper here
  • Fitch, H. S. 1970. Reproductive cycles of lizards and snakes. Misc. Publ. Univ. Kans. Mus. Nat. Hist. 52: 1-247 - get paper here
  • Flores-Villela, O.; Munoz-Alonso, A. 1990. Anolis omiltemanus Davis. Abaniquillo amarillo. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles 490: 1-2 - get paper here
  • Huie, Jonathan M; Ivan Prates, Rayna C Bell, Kevin de Queiroz 2021. Convergent patterns of adaptive radiation between island and mainland Anolis lizards. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2021;, blab072, - get paper here
  • KÖHLER, GUNTHER 2014. Characters of external morphology used in Anolis taxonomy—Definition of terms, advice on usage, and illustrated examples. Zootaxa 3774 (2): 201–257 - get paper here
  • KÖHLER, GUNTHER; RAÚL GÓMEZ TREJO PÉREZ, CLAUS BO P. PETERSEN & FAUSTO R. MÉNDEZ DE LA CRUZ 2014. A revision of the Mexican Anolis (Reptilia, Squamata, Dactyloidae) from the Pacific versant west of the Isthmus de Tehuantepec in the states of Oaxaca, Guerrero, and Puebla, with the description of six new species. Zootaxa 3862 (1): 001–210 - get paper here
  • KÖHLER, GUNTHER;RAÚL GÓMEZ TREJO PÉREZ, CLAUS BO P. PETERSEN, FAUSTO R. MENDEZ DE LA CRUZ 2014. A new species of pine anole from the Sierra Madre del Sur in Oaxaca, Mexico (Reptilia, Squamata, Dactyloidae: Anolis). Zootaxa 3753 (5): 453–468 - get paper here
  • Liner, E.A. 1994. Scientific and common names for the Amphibians and Reptiles of Mexico in English and Spanish. Herpetological Circular 23: 1-113
  • Liner, Ernest A. 2007. A CHECKLIST OF THE AMPHIBIANS AND REPTILES OF MEXICO. Louisiana State University Occasional Papers of the Museum of Natural Science 80: 1-60 - get paper here
  • Nicholson, K.E. 2002. Phylogenetic analysis and a test of the current infrageneric classification of Norops (beta Anolis). Herpetological Monographs 16: 93-120 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Palacios-Aguilar, Ricardo & OSCAR FLORES-VILLELA 2018. An updated checklist of the herpetofauna from Guerrero, Mexico. Zootaxa 4422 (1): 1-24 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
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