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Anolis poncensis STEJNEGER, 1904

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Ponce small-fanned anole, Ponce Anole 
SynonymAnolis poncensis STEJNEGER 1904: 665
Anolis poncensis — FOWLER 1918
Anolis poncensis — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 316
Anolis poncensis — BRANDLEY & DE QUEIROZ 2004
Ctenonotus poncensis — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Ctenonotus poncensis — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 
DistributionPuerto Rico

Type locality: Hills 3 mi. east of Ponce, Puerto Rico.  
TypesHolotype: USNM 27294. 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size small (SVL in males to 44 mm, in females to 40 mm); habitus
attenuate, tail long; 3-4 rows of loreals; scales between supraorbitals 0-1 (strongly modally 0); 0-2 scales between interparietal and supraorbital semi-circles; 4 postrostrals; 2-4 postmentals; suboculars in broad contact with supra-labials; dorsals rhomboidal, imbricate, sharply keeled, the keels forming continuing parallel ridges, large (much larger than lateral scales, nearly as large as ventrals); laterals similar to dorsals, much smaller and less sharply keeled; ventrals like dorsals but slightly larger and more pointed; chin and throat scales similar, keeled, considerably smaller than ventrals; supradigital scales multicarinate; digits long and slender; tail very long, more than 2 x SVL, moderately compressed, with large, keeled scales forming continuous ridges, nonverticillate, upper edge faintly serrate; dewlap entirely covered with imbricate, pointed, keeled scales nearly as large as ventrals, edge not thickened. Dorsum pale tan, verging on tawny-olive on tail and strongly washed with cinnamon on sides; middorsal zone about 5 scales wide, uniform, without spots, but on sides of dorsum and on flanks 3 longitudinal series of dusky spots on each side, about 7 spots in each series between axilla and groin; a pale supratemporal line, washed with pale rufous, from posterior edge of supraocular disk; below this, an elongate, blackish spot involving eye and loreal region, strongly tinged tawny; edge of eyelids deep rufous; below dark spot a pure white line on lower row of loreals, suboculars, and lower temporals to above auricular opening; several oblique whitish lines, proceeding from throat, join on neck under auricular opening, and together with a short line behind shoulder, form a whitish lateral stripe, which disappears at about anterior 1/3 of flank; venter whitish, faintly washed with tawny; throat with several longitudinal series of narrow, disconnected, dusky stripes; a faint, dusky middventral stripe; tail whitish below, strongly washed with tawny olive, the pale color extending onto sides of tail to form numerous crossbands which do not reach dorsal midline, posterior 1/2 tail barred with wide pale and dark rings; hindlimbs washed with rufous; iris blue; dewlap small, white to straw-colored (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 316). 
CommentFor illustrations see Stejneger, 1904; Schmidt, 1928; Rivero, 1978; Schwartz and Henderson, 1985.
Ecomorph class: grass-bush.

Species group: Ctenonotus cristatellus species group (fide NICHOLSON et al. 2012). 
  • Brandley, M.C. & De Queiroz, K. 2004. Phylogeny, ecomorphological evolution, and historical biogeography of the Anolis cristatellus series. Herpetological Monographs 18: 90-126 - get paper here
  • Fowler, H. W. 1918. Some amphibians and reptiles from Porto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Publ. Carnegie Inst. Washington, 252: 1-16.
  • Grant, C. 1932. Herpetological notes from the Puerto Rico area. J. Dept. Agric. Puerto Rico 16 (1): 161-165
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2004. Phylogeny of anoles. Herpetological Monographs 18: 37-89 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Rivero, J.A. 1978. Los anfibios y reptiles de Puerto Rico. M. Pareja Montana, 16, Barcelona, Espafia: x + 152 + 148pp.
  • Schmidt, K.P. 1928. Scientific Survey of Porto Rico and the Virgin Islands: Amphibians and land reptiles of Porto Rico, with a list of those reported from the Virgin Islands. New York Academy of Sciences 10 (1):160 pp.
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Schwartz, A. and Henderson, R.W. 1985. A guide to the identification of the amphibians and reptiles of the West Indies exclusive of Hispaniola. Milwaukee Public Mus., 165 pp.
  • Stejneger, L. 1904. The herpetology of Porto Rico. Rept. United States Natl. Mus. 1902: 549-724.
  • Werning, H. 2012. Zwischen Anolis und Cycluren: Unterwegs auf Puerto Rico. Reptilia (Münster) 17 (95): 100-109 - get paper here
  • Yuan, M. L., M. H. Wake, and I. J. Wang. 2019. Phenotypic integration between claw and toepad traits promotes microhabitat specialization in the Anolis adaptive radiation. Evolution 73: 231–244 - get paper here
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