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Anolis rejectus GARRIDO & SCHWARTZ, 1972

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Higher TaxaAnolidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Santiago Grass Anole 
SynonymAnolis vanidicus rejectus GARRIDO & SCHWARTZ 1972
Anolis cupeyalensis montanus GARRIDO 1975: 24
Anolis montanus — SCHWARTZ and THOMAS 1975: 55
Anolis mimus SCHWARTZ and THOMAS 1975: 93 (substitute name for Anolis montanus GARRIDO).
Anolis mimus — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 302
Anolis mimus — RODRÍGUEZ SCHETTINO 1999: 305
Anolis rejectus — GARRIDO & HEDGES 2000
Anolis rejectus — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Anolis rejectus — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 
DistributionCuba (Sierra de Trinidad, near Santiago de Cuba)

Type locality: 2 mi (3.2 km) N of Santiago de Cuba, Oriente province, Cuba [rejectus]
Type locality: La Gran Piedra, Santiago de Cuba, Santiago de Cuba Province, Cuba [mimus]  
TypesHolotype: NCSM 83924 (North Carolina Museum of Natural Sciences); was ChM 55.1.63 or CR 857 but relocated to NCSM
Holotype: CZACC = IZ 3917 [mimus] 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION (mimus): Size small (SVL in males to 37 mm, in females to 32 mm); habitus attenuate, tail long; totalloreals 15-23; scales between supraorbitals 1; 2-3 scales between interparietal and supraorbital semicircles; 3 postmentals. Dorsum (males) straw-colored, but generally greenish yellow (slightly more green than yellow) inside dorsal band; dorsal band bounded by brown lines from eye to hindlimbs, becoming narrower posteriorly; a pair of spots behind hindlimbs on upper surface of tail base; venter white; iris greenish blue; dewlap clear yellow; dorsum (females) generally brown, tending toward dark brown; head and feet slightly orangish brown dorsally; dorsolateral lines more obvious than in male, as are, also, pair of tail dots; dorsum with contrasting pattern of dots, lines, and longitudinal dashes; venter clear orange-brown, with white line from throat to just before vent (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 302). 
CommentAnolis montanus GARRIDO is preoccupied by Anolis oculatus montanus LAZELL 1962.

Species group: Anolis alutaceus species group (fide NICHOLSON et al. 2012). 
  • Garrido, O. H. 1975. Distribución y variación del complejo Anolis cyanopleurus (Lacertilia: Iguanidae) en Cuba. Poeyana 143:1-58.
  • Garrido, O. H. and A. Schwartz. 1972. The Cuban Anolis spectrum complex (Sauria, Iguanidae). Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 85: 509-521. - get paper here
  • Garrido, O. H. and Hedges, S. B. 2000. Elevation of Anolis vanidicus rejectus Garrido and Schwartz (Sauria: Iguanidae) to species status and designation of Anolis mimus Schwartz and Thomas as a synonym. Carib. J. Sci. 36 (1-2):160-161 - get paper here
  • KÖHLER, GUNTHER 2014. Characters of external morphology used in Anolis taxonomy—Definition of terms, advice on usage, and illustrated examples. Zootaxa 3774 (2): 201–257 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Rodríguez Schettino, Lourdes (ed.) 1999. The iguanid lizards of Cuba. University Press of Florida, 428 pp.
  • Rodríguez Schettino, Lourdes, Carlos A. Mancina & Vilma Rivalta González 2013. REPTILES OF CUBA: CHECKLIST AND GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTIONS. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (144): 1-96 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Yuan, M. L., M. H. Wake, and I. J. Wang. 2019. Phenotypic integration between claw and toepad traits promotes microhabitat specialization in the Anolis adaptive radiation. Evolution 73: 231–244 - get paper here
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