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Anolis rimarum THOMAS & SCHWARTZ, 1967

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Artibonite Bush Anole, Marmelade Anole 
SynonymAnolis rimarum THOMAS & SCHWARTZ 1967: 19
Anolis rimarum — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 326
Anolis rimarum — POWELL et al. 1999
Deiroptyx rimarum — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Deiroptyx rimarum — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 
DistributionHispaniola (Haiti: Chaine de Marmelade)

Type locality: 8-9 km (airline) W Marmelade, Département de l'Artibonite, Haiti.  
TypesHolotype: MCZ 81128. 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size small (SVL in males to 45 mm, in females to 40 mm); 4-6 rows of loreals; scales between supraorbitals 0-1; 2-3 scales between interparietal and supraorbital semicircles; suboculars in contact with supralabials; 5 postrostrals; 2-4 postmentals; dorsals very small, granular, 2 middorsal rows enlarged; flank scales small; ventrals smooth, enlarged, squarish, juxtaposed, arranged in transverse rows; lower eyelid with transparent "window"; dewlap very small, between forelimb insertion and angle of jaw, scales smooth, rounded, swollen, about size of ventrals or slightly larger; limb scales imbricate, keeled, supradigital scales multi-carinate; tail compressed, 4 middorsal scales/verticil. Dorsum gray-brown with 4 gray to black, butterfly-like middorsal markings or wide, transverse bands that fade on lower sides; coppery tinge on middorsal line; head grayish brown with olive-green temporal stripes meeting on occiput; an olive-green postocular stripe onto neck; lower sides of head, neck, and flanks pale yellow-green with olive-green markings, including dark edges of longitudinal flank stripes and other small dashes and vermiculations (at times present); chin whitish; venter pale metallic yellow-green; tail dull yellow to orange, sometimes greenish on basal two-thirds, black distally; all digits black; dewlap dull, greenish orange, scales white; iris and lower eyelid pale blue to blue; sexual dichromatism not pronounced, middorsal stripe in females broader and more conspicuous, lateral stripes more prominent (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 326). 
CommentFor illustrations see Thomas and Schwartz, 1967.

Species group: Deiroptyx hendersoni species group (fide NICHOLSON et al. 2012).

Abundance: only known from its original description (Meiri et al. 2017). 
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Powell, Robert; José A. Ottenwalder and Sixto J. Incháustegui 1999. The Hispaniolan Herpetofauna: Diversity, Endemism, and Historical Perpectives, with Comments on Navassa Island. In Crother, Caribbean Amphibians and Reptiles, Academic Press, pp. 93-168 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Thomas, R. and A. Schwartz. 1967. The monticola group of the lizard genus Anolis in Hispaniola. Breviora (261):1-27. - get paper here
  • Williams, E. E. and T. P. Webster. 1974. Anolis rupinae new species, a syntopic sibling of A. monticola Shreve. Breviora (429): 1-22 - get paper here
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