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Anolis rubribarbus BARBOUR & RAMSDEN, 1919

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Cuban Tiger Anole, Sagua de Tanamo Anole 
SynonymAnolis rubribarbus BARBOUR & RAMSDEN 1919:156
Anolis homolechis — BARBOUR 1937: 127
Anolis rubribarbus — SCHWARTZ 1968: 173
Anolis rubribarbus — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 330
Anolis rubribarbus — RODRÍGUEZ SCHETTINO 1999: 369
Norops rubribarbus — NICHOLSON 2002
Norops rubribarbus — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Norops rubribarbus — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 
DistributionE Cuba

Type locality: El Puerto de Cananova, near Sagua de Tánamo, Holguín Province, Cuba.  
TypesHolotype: MCZ 11941 (in catalogue as 11868) 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size moderate (SVL in males to 58 mm, in females to 42 mm); total loreals 20-41; scales between supraorbitals 0-2 (mode 1); 1-4 (mode 3) scales between interparietal and supraorbital semicircles; 5 postrostrals; 2-4 (mode 2) postmentals; prenasal usually undivided; suhoculars usually in broad contact with supralabials; dorsals small, granular; ventrals smooth, cycloid, imbricate, in diagonal and transverse rows; supradigital scales multicarinate, mucronate; scales posterior to interparietal small and grading into dorsals; tail compressed, crested, weakly verticillate, about 9 scales/verticil in crest. Dorsum (males) pale gray to almost black; yellow spots and reticulations on flanks at times present; dorsal pattern variable from "salt-and-pepper" in light gray to about 6 blackish vertical bands separated by yellowish or grayish bands, tail and limbs similarly banded; dewlap deep yellow with white margin and 4-5 thin, red lines, basal scales black; chin heavily reticulate; females with a pair of parallel, grayish lines, distinct on brownish ground, from behind head to hindlimb insertion; body without vertical dark bands; head clearer brown than remainder of body; tail not crested; throat creamy white, reticulate; iris blue-gray (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 330). 
CommentFor illustrations see Barbour and Ramsden, 1919; Ruibal and Williams, 1961.

Species group: Norops auratus Species Group (fide Nicholson et al. 2012) 
  • Barbour, T. and C. T. Ramsden. 1919. The herpetology of Cuba. Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., Harvard Coll. 47: 69-213. - get paper here
  • Barbour,T. 1937. Third list of Antillean reptiles and amphibians. Bull. Mus. comp. Zool. Harvard 82 (2): 77-166 - get paper here
  • Losos, J. B. 2009. Lizards in an Evolutionary Tree: Ecology and Adaptive Radiation of Anoles. Berkeley: University of California Press, 528 pp. - get paper here
  • Muñoz, Martha M.; Johanna E. Wegener and Adam C. Algar 2014. Untangling Intra- and Interspecific Effects on Body Size Clines Reveals Divergent Processes Structuring Convergent Patterns in Anolis Lizards. The American Naturalist 184 (5), DOI: 10.1086/678084 - get paper here
  • Nicholson KE, C. Guyer, and JG Phillips 2017. Biogeographic Origin of Mainland Norops (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Assumptions Inhibiting Progress in Comparative Biology (eds. Crother and Parenti), pp. 169–184
  • Nicholson, K.E. 2002. Phylogenetic analysis and a test of the current infrageneric classification of Norops (beta Anolis). Herpetological Monographs 16: 93-120 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2004. Phylogeny of anoles. Herpetological Monographs 18: 37-89 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Rodríguez Schettino, L. 2003. Anfibios y Reptiles de Cuba. UPC PRint, Vaasa, Finland
  • Rodríguez Schettino, Lourdes (ed.) 1999. The iguanid lizards of Cuba. University Press of Florida, 428 pp.
  • Rodríguez Schettino, Lourdes, Carlos A. Mancina & Vilma Rivalta González 2013. REPTILES OF CUBA: CHECKLIST AND GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTIONS. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (144): 1-96 - get paper here
  • Ruibal, R. 1964. An annotated checklist and key to the anoline lizards of Cuba. Bull. Mus. comp. Zool. Harvard 130 (8): 475-520. - get paper here
  • Ruibal, R. and E. E. Williams. 1961. The taxonomy of the Anolis homolechis complex of Cuba. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 125: 211-246. - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. 1968. The Cuban lizards of the Anolis homolechis complex. Tulane Studies in Zoology 14: 140-184. - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
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