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Anolis rupinae WILLIAMS & WEBSTER, 1974

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Higher TaxaAnolidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Haitian Banded Red-bellied Anole, Castillon Anole 
SynonymAnolis rupinae WILLIAMS & WEBSTER 1974: 2
Anolis rupinae — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 331
Anolis rupinae — POWELL et al. 1999
Deiroptyx rupinae — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Deiroptyx rupinae — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 
DistributionHispaniola (Haiti: Massif de la Hotte)

Type locality: 1.3 km SSW Castillon, Departement du Sud, Haiti.  
TypesHolotype: MCZ 121740 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size moderate (SVL in males to 56 mm, in females to 42 mm); 6-9 rows of loreals; scales between supraorbitals 1-3; 3-{i scales between interparietal and supraorbital semicircles; frontal depression shallow; suboculars separated from supralabials by 1 row of scales; lower eyelid with transparent "window"; dorsals small, granular, 2-3 middorsal rows enlarged; flank granules keeled; ventrals larger than middorsals, weakly keeled, imbricate, subimbricate, or rarely juxtaposed; dorsal scales of arm and anterior scales of thigh and crus unicarinate; supra-digital scales multicarinate; tail compressed, 4 scales/verticil middorsally; dewlap small, extending to level of axillae, largest scales about as large as ventrals, weakly keeled. Snout uniform olive-green; laterally, transverse bands separate olive-brown blotches with yellowish spots; base of tail with olive and pale green areas alternating, tail distally with alternating black and greenish cream bands; dewlap sky-blue, scales yellow; side of snout pale green; eyelids yellow-orange; postocular area very dark green, below eye pale green; neck mottled with shades of olive and pale green; 5 pale green, transverse bands from neck to base of tail; middorsal crest scales with alternating areas of pale blue-green and olive; a bright green stripe from shoulder along flank, broadening where it crosses transverse bands; chin bright yellow; chest scales yellow; venter red-orange, rarely yellowish; underside of tail with red-orange spots surrounded by yellow scales, spots more diffuse and disappearing toward tip; limbs, dorsally, with alternating light yellow-green and light brown; 2 green bars on upper and lower arm and thigh, but 3 bars on crus; iris turquoise (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 331). 
CommentSpecies group: Deiroptyx hendersoni species group (fide NICHOLSON et al. 2012). 
EtymologyNamed after the Latin “rupina” = a rocky chasm. 
  • Losos, J. B. 2009. Lizards in an Evolutionary Tree: Ecology and Adaptive Radiation of Anoles. Berkeley: University of California Press, 528 pp. - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Powell, Robert; José A. Ottenwalder and Sixto J. Incháustegui 1999. The Hispaniolan Herpetofauna: Diversity, Endemism, and Historical Perpectives, with Comments on Navassa Island. In Crother, Caribbean Amphibians and Reptiles, Academic Press, pp. 93-168 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Williams, E. E. and T. P. Webster. 1974. Anolis rupinae new species, a syntopic sibling of A. monticola Shreve. Breviora (429): 1-22 - get paper here
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