Anolis salvini BOULENGER, 1885
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|Higher Taxa||Anolidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)|
|Common Names||Salvin's Anole (vociferans: Koanng Anole)|
|Synonym||Anolis salvini BOULENGER 1885: 75|
Anolis salvini — GÜNTHER 1885: 48
Anolis vociferans MYERS 1971: 10 (fide KÖHLER 2007)
Anolis pentaprion — WALTERS 1953 (not COPE)
Norops vociferans — VILLA et al. 1988
Norops vociferans — KÖHLER 2000: 64
Norops vociferans — NICHOLSON 2002
Norops vociferans — SAVAGE 2002: 478
Norops salvini — NICHOLSON 2002
Norops salvini — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Norops salvini — NICHOLSON et al. 2018
|Distribution||Panama, Costa Rica, Guatemala ?|
Type locality: Guatemala (in error fide KÖHLER 2007).
vociferans: Costa Rica, Panama (pacific side of the Cordillera de Talamanca from Cerro de la Muerte to Volcan de Chiriqui).Type locality: Panama,Chiriqui, 4 km W Cerro Punta, 1829 m elevation.
|Types||Holotype: BMNH 19188.8.131.52 (formerly 184.108.40.206)|
Holotype: Holotype: AMNH 69621 [vociferans]
|Diagnosis||DEFINITION AND DIAGNOSIS (vociferans): Medium-size (snout to vent length 57 mm. in largest specimen), short-legged anole of the beta group, having trans-verse processes on some autotomous caudal vertebrae. Brown or gray-brown above with variable, in some cases partly reticulate, dark pattern usually including interorbital bar, short postocular stripe, V-shaped marking between forelimbs, and butterfly-shaped mark on base of tail between hind limbs; red dewlap, bright blue sliver of color at corners of nmouth, and black throat lining. Trunk granulation variable: granules small and convex on sides, sometimes larger and flattened on middorsum, either without definite arrangement or weakly disposed in horizontal rows dorsally and in oblique rows laterally; some dorsal granules keeled; ventral granules ontogenetically changing from conical and juxtaposed to keeled and imbricate. Middorsal caudal scales carinate but not pro jected in dorsal crest. Plates atop head relatively large, frontal ridges virtually absent, canthal ridges distinct, elongated supraciliary scale(s) present. Male with pair of moderately enlarged postanal scales.|
Anolis vociferans is most likely to be confused with the related A. pentaprion, but vociferans can be distinguished by the presence of a dark interorbital bar, enlarged postanal scales in males, keeling on scattered middorsal granules (and keeled ventrals in older specimens), and fewer supralabials to center of eye (vociferans, 6-8, usually 7 at least on one side; pentaprion, 7-10, usually 9 at least on one side). The species also differs from southern populations of pentaprion in that the middorsal caudal scales, although carinate, are not projected in a low, serrated crest. The absence of bony parietal projections, presence of enlarged postanal scales in males, different caudal scutellation, and a very different color pattern, among other characters, easily distinguishes Anolis vociferans from its smaller highland relative, A. fungosus (from MYERS 1971).
|Comment||Not listed by KÖHLER 2000.|
Species group: Norops auratus Species Group (fide Nicholson et al. 2012). Other authors have stated that A. vociferans belongs to the pentaprion group which includes seven species: fungosus, ibague, ortonii, pentaprion, sulcifrons, utilensis, and vociferans.
|Etymology||Named after the Latin “vocifer” = “to cry aloud”, in allusion to the squeaking noises made by specimens when they are first captured.|
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