Anolis spectrum PETERS, 1863
Can you confirm these amateur observations of Anolis spectrum?
|Higher Taxa||Dactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)|
|Common Names||E: Black-shouldered Ground Anole, Matanzas Anole|
|Synonym||Anolis spectrum PETERS 1863: 136|
Anolis spectrum — BOULENGER 1885: 69
Anolis spectrum sumiderensis — PETERS 1970: 226
Anolis spectrum — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 346
Anolis spectrum — RODRÍGUEZ SCHETTINO 1999: 312
Anolis spectrum — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Anolis spectrum — NICHOLSON et al. 2018
Type locality: “Cuba”. Restricted to the vicinity of Matanzas and Cárdenas by Gundlach 1875: 358. Further restricted to the “mogotes” at San Miguel de los Baños, 500 m from the swimming pool at San Miguel, before arriving in Río Paredones, Matanzas province, Cuba, by GARRIDO & SCHWARTZ 1972.
|Types||Syntypes: ZMB 421|
|Diagnosis||DESCRIPTION: Size small (SVL in males to 42 mm, in females to 40 mm); habitus|
attenuate, tail long; 3 rows of loreals; scales between supraorbitals 0-2 (mode 0); scales between interparietal and supraorbital semicircles 1-3 (mode 2); 2-4 (mode 2) postmentals; suboculars in contact with supralabials; head deeply concave between canthal ridges; dorsals large, unicarinate, in about 10 rows, grading abruptly into small, almost granular lateral scales, these in turn grading abruptly into large and heavily keeled ventrals; supradigital scales multicarinate; dewlap present in both sexes. Dorsum (males) brownish straw, about 7 dark brown spots on back; a postnuchal grayish spot resembling a pineal eye; a conspicuous, black axillary spot; neck at times slightly vinaceous, leading into a greenish dorsal region; a fine vinaceous line from behind orbit to body-tail junction; insertion of base of tail with hindlimbs ashy white; crura with 2 dark brown stripes, thighs with 3 less conspicuous and clearer brown bands; elbow spot violet to yellow; no labial stripe, although a spot, same color as elbow-spot, below orbit; dewlap large, iodine-colored, with about 5 clearer bands of scales along anterior margin; anal triangle concolor with elbow-spot; iris whitish to yellowish; venter brownish straw, with a slight violet wash midventrally; dorsum (females) uniform brown from neck to tail; head chestnut (as if soiled with red earth); a U-shaped, darker chestnut mark on forehead; about 8 brown spots (like irregular rectangles) on back, very conspicuous; limbs deep chestnut, tail insertion and hindlimb junction ashy white; elbows whitish brown to clear cinnamon; forelimbs with 2 well-defined black dots; eyelids with 2 or 3 brownish or streaked lines or rays; brownish bands on tail and toward base, with 4-5 yellowish rings; 2 whitish spots in anal triangle; venter chestnut; dewlap brownish (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 346).
|Comment||For illustrations see Peters, 1970.|
Species group: Anolis alutaceus species group (fide NICHOLSON et al. 2012).
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