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Anolis spectrum PETERS, 1863

IUCN Red List - Anolis spectrum - Near Threatened, NT

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Higher TaxaDactyloidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Black-shouldered Ground Anole, Matanzas Anole 
SynonymAnolis spectrum PETERS 1863: 136
Anolis spectrum — BOULENGER 1885: 69
Anolis spectrum sumiderensis — PETERS 1970: 226
Anolis spectrum — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 346
Anolis spectrum — RODRÍGUEZ SCHETTINO 1999: 312
Anolis spectrum — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Anolis spectrum — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 

Type locality: “Cuba”. Restricted to the vicinity of Matanzas and Cárdenas by Gundlach 1875: 358. Further restricted to the “mogotes” at San Miguel de los Baños, 500 m from the swimming pool at San Miguel, before arriving in Río Paredones, Matanzas province, Cuba, by GARRIDO & SCHWARTZ 1972.  
TypesSyntypes: ZMB 421 
CommentFor illustrations see Peters, 1970.

Species group: Anolis alutaceus species group (fide NICHOLSON et al. 2012). 
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Garrido, O. H. and A. Schwartz. 1972. The Cuban Anolis spectrum complex (Sauria, Iguanidae). Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 85: 509-521. - get paper here
  • Gundlach, J. 1875. An. Soc. Española Hist. Nat. 4: 358
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Peters, G. 1970. Zur Taxionomie und Zoogeographie der kubanischen anolinen Eidechsen (Reptilia, Iguanide). Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin 46: 197-234. - get paper here
  • Peters, Wilhem Carl Hartwig 1863. Über einige neue Arten der Saurier-Gattung Anolis. Monatsber. königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin. 1863 (März): 135-149. - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2004. Phylogeny of anoles. Herpetological Monographs 18: 37-89 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Rodríguez Schettino, Lourdes (ed.) 1999. The iguanid lizards of Cuba. University Press of Florida, 428 pp.
  • Rodríguez Schettino, Lourdes, Carlos A. Mancina & Vilma Rivalta González 2013. REPTILES OF CUBA: CHECKLIST AND GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTIONS. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (144): 1-96 - get paper here
  • Ruibal, R. 1964. An annotated checklist and key to the anoline lizards of Cuba. Bull. Mus. comp. Zool. Harvard 130 (8): 475-520. - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Schwartz, A. and Ogren, L.H. 1956. A collection of reptiles and amphibians from Cuba, with the descriptionof two new forms. Herpetologica 12 (2): 91-110 - get paper here
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