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Anolis strahmi SCHWARTZ, 1979

IUCN Red List - Anolis strahmi - Endangered, EN

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Higher TaxaAnolidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
SubspeciesAnolis strahmi strahmi SCHWARTZ 1979
Anolis strahmi abditus SCHWARTZ 1979 
Common NamesE: Baoruco Stout Anole, Strahm's Anole 
SynonymAnolis strahmi SCHWARTZ 1979:11
Anolis strahmi — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 347
Anolis strahmi — NICHOLSON et al. 2005
Audantia strahmi — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Audantia strahmi — NICHOLSON et al. 2018

Anolis strahmi strahmi SCHWARTZ 1979
Audantia strahmi strahmi— NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Audantia strahmi strahmi — NICHOLSON et al. 2018

Anolis strahmi abditus SCHWARTZ 1979
Audantia strahmi abditus — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Audantia strahmi abditus — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 
DistributionHispaniola (SW Dominican Republic)

strahmi: immediate vicinity of type-bocaiity. Type locality: “3 km NE of El Aguacate, Independencia Province, 854 m elevation, República Dominicana”.

abditus: southern low foothilîs of Sierra de Baoruco. Type locality: “dirt road to Las Mercedes, 2.9 km from intersection (= 5 km SE, 2.9 km N of Pedernales), Pedernales Province, República Dominicana”.  
TypesHolotype: MCZ 132371 (strahmi)
Holotype: MCZ 146827 [abditus] 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size moderate (SVL in males to 79 mm, in females to 64 mm); 4-7
rows of loreals; scales between supraorbitals 0; 0-3 (mode 2) scales between inter- parietal and supraorbital semicircles; 3-5 (mode 3) postrostrals; 4-10 (mode 6) postmentals; suboculars strongly modally separated from supralabials by 1 row of scales; head scales mostly smooth in males, weakly carinate in females; shallow frontal depression and deeper parietal depression; dorsal scales granular, 2-4 mid- dorsal rows abruptly enlarged, about 4 x flank scales; ventrals small, about 1.5 x middorsals, cycloid, smooth; dewlap very large, scales smooth, marginal scales about 2 x ventrals; supradigital scales smooth; tail slightly compressed, 3 sharply keeled scales/verticil middorsally. Dorsum pale gray, tan, to grayish tan; flank stripe tan, white, or absent, its position at times indicated by remnant lateral edges of dorsal dumbbells, or 4-5 dumbbell remnants present; a dark brown interocular bar and a postocular dark U often present, the latter at times reduced to its posterolateral "comers" on superior temples; a very pale, blue-gray subocular crescent present; supra- and infralabials spotted; venter pale grayish; throats in both sexes with confused dark scribbling or longitudinal lines, less prominent in females; dewlap deep orange or ora~ge-brown (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 347). 
EtymologyNamed after Michael H. Strahm, a herpetologist. He was originally Schwartz's pupil and became his friend. 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Muñoz, Martha M.; Johanna E. Wegener and Adam C. Algar 2014. Untangling Intra- and Interspecific Effects on Body Size Clines Reveals Divergent Processes Structuring Convergent Patterns in Anolis Lizards. The American Naturalist 184 (5), DOI: 10.1086/678084 - get paper here
  • Nicholson, K. E., R. E. Glor, J. J. Kolbe, A. Larson, S. B. Hedges, and J. B. Losos 2005. Mainland colonization by island lizards. Journal of Biogeography 32: 929–938 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2004. Phylogeny of anoles. Herpetological Monographs 18: 37-89 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. 1979. A new species of cybotoid anole (Sauria, Iguanidae) from Hispaniola. Breviora (451):1-27. - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. 1989. A review of the Cybotoid Anoles (Reptilia: Sauria: Iguanidae) from Hispaniola. Milwaukee Publ. Mus. Contr. Biol. Geol. 78: 1-32 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
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