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Anolis tigrinus PETERS, 1863

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Higher TaxaAnolidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Tiger Anole
S: Anolis tigre 
SynonymAnolis tigrinus PETERS 1863: 143
Anolis tigrinus — BOULENGER 1885: 55
Anolis tigrinus — BAUER et al. 1995: 59
Anolis tigrinus — UGUETO et al. 2009
Dactyloa tigrina — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Dactyloa tigrina — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 
DistributionN Venezuela

Type locality: “Chili”  
TypesSyntypes: lost, was ZMB 4686, ZMH (lost fide BAUER et al. 1995) 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A small anole with males reaching a maximum SVL of 55 mm and females 58 mm. Head elongate with very large, mostly smooth scales and frequently with numerous small tubercles usually following the cephalic ridges; very conspicuously enlarged scales cover most of the supraocular area; supraorbital semicircles usually in contact, occasionally separated by 1 scale; interparietal and supraorbital semicircles usually in contact, rarely separated by 1 scale; a very distinct occipital knob is present. Dorsal scales small and smooth; 63–97 scales along the middorsal line from axilla to groin; 94–114 scales around midbody; ventrals slightly larger than dorsals, roundish and completely smooth; 57–84 scales along the midventral line between axilla and groin. Tibia, 0.14–0.19 times SVL. Dorsal color with a lichenose appearance, changing from brown to mossy green during metachrosis; dark vertebral, rectangular spots, lateral light round, large spots and/or oblique lateral blackish lines are usually present. Dewlap in males large extending close to midbelly with more or less horizontal rows of single scales; pale whitish anteriorly, pale yellow medially and orange postero-inferiorly with pale scales; females with a smaller dewlap, just reaching between the insertion of arms and slightly beyond the axilla; with moderately separated, horizontal rows of single scales; pale orangish or grayish with conspicuous (usually horizontally elongated) black spots and pale scales [from UGUETO et al. 2009].
CommentThe type locality given by PETERS 1863, “Chili” [= Chile] is in error fide PETERS & DONOSO-BARROS (1970).

Species groups: Dactyloa punctata species group (fide NICHOLSON et al. 2012). 
  • Ayala S C; Harris D M; Williams E E 1984. Anolis menta, sp. n. (Sauria, Iguanidae), a new tigrinus group anole from the west side of Santa Marta Mountains, Colombia. Pap. Avul. Zool., Sao Paulo 35(12): 135-145
  • Bauer, A.M.; Günther,R. & Klipfel,M. 1995. The herpetological contributions of Wilhelm C.H. Peters (1815-1883). SSAR Facsimile Reprints in Herpetology, 714 pp.
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Mijares-Urrutia, A., CeÒaris, J. C. & Arends, R. A. 1992. ANOLIS TIGRINUS PETERS 1863 (LACERTILIA: POLYCHRIDAE): REESCRIPCIÓN Y DISTRIBUCIÓN EN VENEZUELA. Memoria de la Sociedad de Ciencias Naturales La Salle, LII(138):123-132
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Peters, James A.; Donoso-Barros, Roberto & Orejas-Miranda, Braulio 1970. Catalogue of the Neotropical Squamata: Part I Snakes. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 297: 347 pp. - get paper here
  • Peters, Wilhem Carl Hartwig 1863. Über einige neue Arten der Saurier-Gattung Anolis. Monatsber. königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin. 1863 (März): 135-149. - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Rivas, G. A., Lasso-Alcalá, O. M., Rodríguez-Olarte, D., De Freitas, M., Murphy, J. C., Pizzigalli, C., ... & Jowers, M. J. 2021. Biogeographical patterns of amphibians and reptiles in the northernmost coastal montane complex of South America. Plos one, 16(3): e0246829 - get paper here
  • Rivas, Gilson A. and Mayke De Freitas. 2015. Geographic Distribution: Anolis tigrinus (tiger anole). Herpetological Review 46 (2): 216 - get paper here
  • RIVAS, GILSON A.; CÉSAR R. MOLINA, GABRIEL N. UGUETO, TITO R. BARROS, CÉSAR L. BAR- RIO-AMORÓS & PHILIPPE J. R. KOK 2012. Reptiles of Venezuela: an updated and commented checklist. Zootaxa 3211: 1–64 - get paper here
  • Señaris, J. Celsa; María Matilde Aristeguieta Padrón, Haidy Rojas Gil y Fernando J. M. Rojas-Runjaic 2018. Guía ilustrada de los anfibios y reptiles del valle de Caracas, Venezuela. Ediciones IVIC, Instituto Venezolano de Investigaciones Científicas (IVIC). Caracas, Venezuela. 348 pp.
  • Test, Frederic H.;Sexton, Owen J.;Heatwole, Harold 1966. Reptiles of Rancho Grande and vicinity, Estado Aragua, Venezuela. Miscellaneous publications, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan (128): 1-63 - get paper here
  • Ugueto, Gabriel N.; Gilson A. Rivas, Tito Barros and Eric N. Smith 2009. A Revision of the Venezuelan Anoles II: Redescription of Anolis squamulatus Peters 1863 and Anolis tigrinus Peters 1863 (Reptilia: Polychrotidae). Carib. J. Sci. 45 (1): 30-51 - get paper here
  • Williams E E 1992. New or problematic Anolis from Colombia. 7. Anolis lamari, a new anole from the Cordillera Oriental of Colombia, with a discussion of tigrinus and punctatus species group boundaries. Breviora (495): 1-24 - get paper here
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