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Anolis vanidicus GARRIDO & SCHWARTZ, 1972

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Higher TaxaAnolidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Escambray Grass Anole, Vanidicus Anole 
SynonymAnolis vanidicus GARRIDO & SCHWARTZ 1972: 515
Anolis vandicus — ZOOLOGICAL RECORD 1972
Anolis vanidicus — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 352
Anolis vanidicus — RODRÍGUEZ SCHETTINO 1999: 315
Anolis vanidicus — NICHOLSON et al. 2005
Anolis vanidicus — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Anolis vanidicus — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 
DistributionCuba (Sierra de Trinidad, near Santiago de Cuba)

Anolis vanidicus vanidicus: Sierra de Trinidad and adjacent lowlands. Type locality: 4 km W, 12 km N Trinidad (road to Topes de Collantes), Sancti Spiritus Province, Cuba.  
TypesHolotype: AMNH 78400. 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size small (SVL in males to 39 mm, in females to 37 mm); habitus
attenuate, tail long; 3 rows of loreals; scales between supraorbitals 0-2 (mode 1); 0 - 3 (mode 2) scales between interparietal and supraorbital semicircles; 6 postrostrals; 1-3 (mode 2) postmentals; suboculars not in contact with supra- labials; head with shallow depression between canthal ridges; a dark half-moon figure in depression; dorsals enlarged and unicarinate, in 7-9 rows, grading fairly abruptly into small, almost granular lateral scales, in tum grading abruptly into large, keeled ventrals; supradigital scales multicarinate; dewlap present in both sexes. Sexual dichromatism prominent, both sexes brownish green to olive-green and with a whitish line below eye; females with a pale (straw-cinnamon, cream), wide middorsal band (at times including a few dark flecks) set off from darker sides; often a dark, U-shaped sacral figure; often a reddish midventral line; venter yellowish, brightest laterally, or cream; no black supraaxillary spot or dot in males; dewlap (males) pale, greenish yellow to olivaceous or grayish, or brown grading to dirty yellow basally, interior scales weakly yellow; iris pale green (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 352). 
CommentAnolis vanidicus rejectus has been elevated to species status by GARRIDO & HEDGES 2000.

Species group: Anolis alutaceus species group (fide NICHOLSON et al. 2012). 
  • Garrido, O. H. and A. Schwartz. 1972. The Cuban Anolis spectrum complex (Sauria, Iguanidae). Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 85: 509-521. - get paper here
  • Garrido, O. H. and Hedges, S. B. 2000. Elevation of Anolis vanidicus rejectus Garrido and Schwartz (Sauria: Iguanidae) to species status and designation of Anolis mimus Schwartz and Thomas as a synonym. Carib. J. Sci. 36 (1-2):160-161 - get paper here
  • Marrero, R., T. M. Rodríguez-Cabrera and J. Torres 2016. Anolis vanidicus (Escambray Grass Anole) maximum elevation. Herpetological Review 47(3): 460-461. - get paper here
  • Nicholson, K. E., R. E. Glor, J. J. Kolbe, A. Larson, S. B. Hedges, and J. B. Losos 2005. Mainland colonization by island lizards. Journal of Biogeography 32: 929–938 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2012. It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae). Zootaxa 3477: 1–108 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2004. Phylogeny of anoles. Herpetological Monographs 18: 37-89 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Rodríguez Schettino, Lourdes (ed.) 1999. The iguanid lizards of Cuba. University Press of Florida, 428 pp.
  • Rodríguez Schettino, Lourdes, Carlos A. Mancina & Vilma Rivalta González 2013. REPTILES OF CUBA: CHECKLIST AND GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTIONS. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (144): 1-96 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
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