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Anolis yoroensis (MCCRANIE, NICHOLSON & KÖHLER, 2001)

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Higher TaxaAnolidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
SynonymNorops yoroensis MCCRANIE, NICHOLSON & KÖHLER 2001
Norops yoroensis — NICHOLSON 2002
Anolis yoroensis — KÖHLER et al. 2007
Norops yoroensis — NICHOLSON et al. 2012
Norops yoroensis — MCCRANIE & KÖHLER 2015: 208
Norops yoroensis — NICHOLSON et al. 2018 
DistributionHonduras (Yoro), 1180-1800 m elevation.

Type locality: “2.5 km airline km NNE La Fortuna, 15°26’N, 87°18’W, 1600 m elevation, Cordillera Nombre de Dios, Departamento de Yoro, Honduras”  
TypesHolotype: USNM 541012 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. Norops yoroensis can be distinguished from N. cupreus and N. macrophallus by having a unicolor dewlap (bicolor with a darker colored basal spot in N. cupreus and N. macrophallus) that is Spectrum Orange (outer area pinkish rose, Maroon, Deep Vinaceous, Warm Sepia, or brown in N. cupreus; outer area Flesh Color with Vinaceous tinge in N. macrophallus [see Köhler and Kreutz, 1999]). Norops yoroensis can be distinguished from N. villai by dewlap color (Spectrum Orange versus chocolate-colored [see Fitch and Henderson, 1976]). Norops yoroensis differs further from N. cupreus, N. macrophallus, and N. villai by having a single anterior nasal scale (versus divided) and poorly defined supraorbital semicircles (versus well defined). Two other species of similarly-sized Norops (N. limifrons [Cope, 1862] and N. rodriguezii [Bocourt, 1873]) occurring in Honduras also have single anterior nasal scales. Norops yoroensis differs from these two species in having a large uniform Orange-Rufous male dewlap (dewlap small and dirty white with a pale yellow basal spot in N. limifrons; dewlap small with a Cinnamon Rufous basal part and a Spectrum Orange apical part in N. rodriguezii) and distinctly keeled and imbricate ventral scales (ventrals smooth and non-imbricate in N. limifrons and N. rodriguezii). Norops yoroensis can be distinguished from all other species of Norops of Central America and Mexico by the combination of having distinctly keeled and imbricate ventral scales, a single anterior nasal scale, homogeneouslateral scales, no axillary pocket, a small size (males to 41 mm SVL, females to 47 mm), a large male dewlap that extends well onto the venter past the level of the axillae, and a uniformly Orange-Rufous male dewlap in life (except dewlap scales white with gray flecks).
CommentSpecies group: Norops auratus Species Group (fide Nicholson et al. 2012) 
EtymologyNamed after the type locality. 
  • Köhler, G. 2008. Reptiles of Central America. 2nd Ed. Herpeton-Verlag, 400 pp.
  • KÖHLER, GUNTHER 2014. Characters of external morphology used in Anolis taxonomy—Definition of terms, advice on usage, and illustrated examples. Zootaxa 3774 (2): 201–257 - get paper here
  • Köhler, Gunther; Marcos Ponce, Javier Sunyer, and Abel Batista 2007. FOUR NEW SPECIES OF ANOLES (GENUS ANOLIS) FROM THE SERRANÍA DE TABASARÁ, WEST-CENTRAL PANAMA (SQUAMATA: POLYCHROTIDAE). Herpetologica 63 (3): 375-391 - get paper here
  • McCranie, J. R. & Valdés Orellana, L. 2012. Geographic distribution: Anolis yoroensis. Herpetological Review 43: 304-305 - get paper here
  • McCranie, James R. 2015. A checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, with additions, comments on taxonomy, some recent taxonomic decisions, and areas of further studies needed. Zootaxa 3931 (3): 352–386 - get paper here
  • McCranie, James R. 2018. The Lizards, Crocodiles, and Turtles of Honduras. Systematics, Distribution, and Conservation. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Special Publication Series (2): 1- 666 - get paper here
  • McCranie, James R. and Gunther Köhler 2015. The Anoles (Reptilia: Squamata: Dactyloidae: Anolis: Norops) of Honduras. Systematics, Distribution, and Conservation. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard (Special Publication Series, No. 1): 1-280 [review in Q. J. Biol. 91: 227] - get paper here
  • McCranie; James R.; Kirsten E. Nicholson; Gunther Köhler 2001. A new species of Norops (Squamata: Polychrotidae) from northwestern Honduras. Amphibia-Reptilia 22 (4): 465-473 - get paper here
  • Nicholson, K.E. 2002. Phylogenetic analysis and a test of the current infrageneric classification of Norops (beta Anolis). Herpetological Monographs 16: 93-120 - get paper here
  • NICHOLSON, KIRSTEN E.; BRIAN I. CROTHER, CRAIG GUYER & JAY M. SAVAGE 2018. Translating a clade based classification into one that is valid under the international code of zoological nomenclature: the case of the lizards of the family Dactyloidae (Order Squamata). Zootaxa 4461 (4): 573–586 - get paper here
  • Poe, S. 2013. 1986 Redux: New genera of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae) are unwarranted. Zootaxa 3626 (2): 295–299 - get paper here
  • Solís, J. M., L. D. Wilson, and J. H. Townsend. 2014. An updated list of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, with comments on their nomenclature. Mesoamerican Herpetology 1: 123–144 - get paper here
  • Townsend, J. H., L. D. Wilson, M. Medina-Flores, E. Aguilar-Urbina, B. K. Atkinson et al. 2012. A premontane hotspot for herpetological endemism on the windward side of Refugio de Vida Silvestre Texíguat, Honduras. Salamandra 48 (2): 92-114 - get paper here
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