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Anomochilus weberi (LIDTH DE JEUDE, 1890)

IUCN Red List - Anomochilus weberi - Data Deficient, DD

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Higher TaxaAnomochilidae, Henophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Webers Cylinder Snake 
SynonymAnomalochilus weberi LIDTH DE JEUDE 1890
Anomalochilus weberi — BOULENGER 1893: 134
Anomalochilus weberi — WERNER 1900
Anomochilus weberi — BERG 1901
Anomalochilus weberi — DE ROOIJ 1917: 34
Anomochilus weberi — MANTHEY & GROSSMANN 1997: 299
Anomochilus weberi — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 128
Anomochilus weberi — WALLACH et al. 2014: 44 
DistributionIndonesia (Sumatra, Borneo)

Type locality: “Sumatra: Kaju tanam” [= Kayutanam, Sumatera Barat, W Indonesia, 0°33’S, 100°20’E, elevation 122 m].  
TypesTypes: Unlocated (MCDIARMID et al. 1999) 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (genus): head small, indistinct from neck; forehead covered with large scales that may be either symmetrical or show an azygous parietofrontal; nostril in a single nasal, which is in contact with Supralabial II; loreal and preocular absent; a single postocular; eye small; mental groove absent; body scales smooth; and tail short and conical (de Rooij, 1917; Tweedie, 1983; Manthey and Grossmann,1997).
CommentSpecimens: A. weberi is known from only 2 specimens from Sumatra and one supposedly from Indonesian Borneo (Cundall & Rossman 1993).

Taxonomy: Berg (1901) showed that the original generic name is preoccupied by Anomalochilus Blanchard, 1850: Coleoptera (Williams and Wallach, 1989), and provided the replacement name, Anomochilus. McDowell (1975) placed the genus under Cylindrophiidae, but more recently, it was allocated to the Anomochilidae (Cundall et al., 1993). Anomochilus was previously considered as a member of the family Uropeltidae.

Type species: Anomalochilus weberi LIDTH DE JEUDE 1890 is the type species of the genus Anomochilus BERG 1901. 
EtymologyNamed after Dr. Max Wilhelm Carl Weber van Bosse (1852-1937), a German-Dutch physician and zoologist who was Director, Zoological Museum, Artis Amsterdam, from 1883 when he became a Dutch citizen. 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Berg, C. 1901. Herpetological notes. Communicacionis del Museo Nacional de Buenos Aires 1:289–291.
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • BRONGERSMA, L. D., AND W. HELLE 1951. Notes on Indo-Australian snakes. Proceedings of the Section on Science, Koninlijke Akademie van Wetenschappen, Amsterdam 54C:1–8.
  • Cundall, D., Wallach, V. & Rossman, D. A. 1993. The systematic relationships of the snake genus Anomochilus. Zool. J. Linnean Soc. 109: 275-299. - get paper here
  • Cundall, D.; Rossman, D.A. 1993. Cephalic anatomy of the rare Indonesian snake Anomochilus weberi. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 109 (3): 235-273 - get paper here
  • Das, I. & Yaakob, N. 2007. Status of knowledge of the Malaysian herpetofauna. In Status of biological diversity in Malaysia & threat assessment of plant species in Malaysia. in: L. S. L. Chua, L. G. Kirton & L. G. Saw (eds.), Status of biological diversity in Malaysia & threat assessment of plant species in Malaysia. Forest Research Institute Malaysia, Kepong, pp. 31-81
  • de Rooij, N. DE 1917. The Reptiles of the Indo-Australian Archipelago. Il. Ophidia. Leiden (E. J. Brill), xiv + 334 S. - get paper here
  • Gower, D.J.; Vidal, N.; Spinks, J.N.; and McCarthy, C.J. 2005. The phylogenetic position of Anomochilidae (Reptilia: Serpentes): first evidence from DNA sequences. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research 43(4):315-320. - get paper here
  • Lidth DE JEUDE, T.W. VAN 1890. Reptilia from the Malay Archipelago. Il. Ophidia. ln: M. WEBER: Zoologische Ergebnisse einer Reise in Niederländisch Ost-Indien. Leiden (E. J. Brill), 1 (2): 178-192.
  • Lidth DE JEUDE, T.W. VAN 1922. Snakes from Sumatra. Zoologische Mededelingen 6: 239-253. - get paper here
  • Manthey, U. & Grossmann, W. 1997. Amphibien & Reptilien Südostasiens. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 512 pp. - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • McDowell, S.B. 1975. A catalogue of the snakes of New Guinea and the Solomons, with special reference to those in the Bernice P. Bishop Museum. Part lI. Aniloidea and Pythoninae. Journal of Herpetology 9 (1): 1-79 - get paper here
  • Stuebing, R.B., Inger, R.F. & Lardner, B. 2014. A field guide to the snakes of Borneo, second edition. Natural history Publications (Borneo)
  • TEYNIÉ, ALEXANDRE; PATRICK DAVID, & ANNEMARIE OHLER 2010. Note on a collection of Amphibians and Reptiles from Western Sumatra (Indonesia), with the description of a new species of the genus Bufo. Zootaxa 2416: 1–43 - get paper here
  • Tweedie, M. W. F. 1983. The snakes of Malaya. Third edition. Singapore National Printers (Pte) Ltd., Singapore. 167 pp.
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Williams, K.L. & Wallach, V. 1989. Snakes of the World. 1. Synopsis of snakes generic names. Krieger, Malabar, Florida, 234 pp.
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