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Anotosaura vanzolinia DIXON, 1974

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Higher TaxaGymnophthalmidae (Ecpleopodinae), Sauria, Gymnophthalmoidea, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Vanzolini’s Anotosaura 
SynonymAnotosaura collaris vanzolinia DIXON 1974: 16
Anotosaura vanzolinia — VANZOLINI 1976
Anotosaura collaris vanzolinia — VANZOLINI & RAMOS 1977
Anotosaura vanzolinia — CASTOE et al. 2004
Anotosaura vanzolinia — RODRIGUES et al. 2007
Anotosaura vanzolinia — SOARES-OLIVEIRA et al. 2018 
DistributionBrazil (Pernambuco, Agrestina, Bahia, Paraíba)

Type locality: Argestina, Estade de Pernambuco, Brasil  
Reproductionoviparous. Reproducton occurrs during the wet season, from March to August, with reproductve actvity declining in September and October (Fig. 3 in Soares-Oliveira et al. 2018) and hatchlings emerging mainly in April and August (Fig. 4). Females had the highest volume of vitellogenic follicles in March and April (Fig. 5), and egg presence from March to August. Gravid females have a fxed clutch size of two eggs. The incubaton period is 43 to 49 days. The mean size of hatchlings is 18.85±0.91 mm (Soares-Oliveira et al. 2018). 
TypesHolotype: DZSJRP 21813, adult female (Museu de Zoologia, Universidade de Sao Paulo) 
EtymologyThe specific name is a homage to Dr. Paulo Emílio Vanzolini (1924-2013), one of the most distinguished Brazilian zoologists. About Vanzolini see Heyer (2004), Bastos & Sa 2011, and Dirksen 2013. 
  • Amaral, A. do 1933. Estudos sobre Lacertilios neotropicos. I. novos generos e especies de largartos do Brasil. Mem. Inst. Butantan 7 [1932]: 51-75 - get paper here
  • Bezerra, P. E. S., Santana, F. M., & de Moura, G. J. B. 2021. Sustainability assessment of a lizard assemblage in Pernambuco state, Brazil. Journal for Nature Conservation, 125957
  • Castoe, T.A.; Doan, T.M. & Parkinson, C.L. 2004. Data partitions and complex models in Bayesian analysis: the phylogeny of Gymnophthalmid lizards. Systematic Biology 53 (3): 448-469 - get paper here
  • Dirksen, Lutz 2013. Paulo Emilio Vanzolini. Ein Herpetologe aus Leidenschaft. Terraria-Elaphe 2013 (5): 52-54 - get paper here
  • Dixon,J.R. 1974. Systematic review of the lizard genus Anotosaura (Teiidae). Herpetologica 30: 13-18 - get paper here
  • Franzini, Lissa Dellefrate; Izabel Regina Soares Silva, Daniel Oliveira Santana, Fagner Ribeiro Delfim, Gustavo Henrique Calazans Vieira, Daniel Oliveira Mesquita 2019. Lizards fauna from the state of Paraíba, Northeastern Brazil: current knowledge and sampling discontinuities. Herpetology Notes 12: 749-763 - get paper here
  • Freire, E. M. X., Kolodiuk, M. F., Gogliath, M., Kokubum, M. N. D. C., Rêgo, B. D. P., Ribeiro, M. M., ... & Sales, R. F. D. 2023. The herpetofauna of priority highland areas for conservation of the Caatinga in the state of Rio Grande do Norte, northeastern Brazil. Biota Neotropica, 23, e20221395 - get paper here
  • Freitas, Marco A. de; Marcos J.M. Dubeux, Márcio F. Chaves, Bruno F. Fiorillo, Gentil A.P. Filho, Washington L.S. Vieira, and Geraldo J.B. de Moura 2023. Herpetofauna in three highland Atlantic Forest remnants in northeastern Brazil. Herpetology Notes 16: 377-390
  • Garda, A.A.; T.B. Costa; C.R. Santos-Silva; D.O. Mesquita; R.G. Faria; B.M. Conceição; I.R.S. Silva; A.S. Ferreira; S.M. Rocha; C.N.S. Palmeira; R. Rodrigues; S.F. Ferrari; S. Torquato. 2013. Herpetofauna of protected areas in the Caatinga I: Raso da Catarina Ecological Station (Bahia, Brazil). Check List 9 (2):405-414 - get paper here
  • Gonçalves, U.; P.S. Brito; J.Y. Galdino; s. Torquato 2012. Squamata, Gymnophthalmidae, Anotosaura vanzolinia Dixon, 1974: New records and geographic distribution map. Check List 8(4): 632-633 - get paper here
  • Oliveira, Bruno Halluan S.; Adonias A. Martins Teixeira, Romilda Narciza M. Queiroz, João A. Araujo-Filho, Diêgo A. Teles, Samuel V. Brito, Daniel O. Mesquita 2017. Nematodes infecting Anotosaura vanzolinia (Squamata: Gymnophthalmidae) from Caatinga, northeastern Brazil Acta Herpetologica 12 (1): 103-108 - get paper here
  • Peters, James A. & Donoso-Barros, Roberto 1970. Catalogue of the Neotropical Squamata: Part II. Lizards and Amphisbaenians. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 297: 293 pp. - get paper here
  • Rodrigues, M.T. 2003. Herpetofauna da Caatinga. In: I.R. Leal, M. Tabarelli & J.M.C. Silva (eds.). Ecologia e conservação da Caatinga, pp. 181-236. Editora Universitária, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, Brasil.
  • Rodrigues, Miguel Trefaut; Katia Cristina Machado Pellegrino, Marianna Dixo, Vanessa Kruth Verdade, Dante Pavan, Antônio Jorge Suzart Argolo, and Jack W. Sites Jr. 2007. A new genus of microteiid lizard from the Atlantic forests of State of Bahia, Brazil, with a new generic name for Colobosaura mentalis, and a discussion of relationships among the Heterodactylini (Squamata, Gymnophthalmidae). American Museum novitates (3565): 1-27 - get paper here
  • Soares-Oliveira, Bruno Halluan; Romilda Narciza Mendonça de Queiroz, Lucas Barbosa de Queiroga Cavalcanti & Daniel Oliveira Mesquita 2018. Autecology of neotropical lizard species Anotosaura vanzolinia (Squamata, Gymnophthalmidae) in a Caatinga region, north-eastern Brazil. The Herpetological Journal 28 (1): 19-26 - get paper here
  • Uchôa LR, Delfim FR, Mesquita DO, Colli GR, Garda AA, Guedes TB 2022. Lizards (Reptilia: Squamata) from the Caatinga, northeastern Brazil: Detailed and updated overview. Vertebrate Zoology 72: 599-659 - get paper here
  • Vanzolini, P. E. 1976. Two notes on Anotosaura (Sauria, Teiidae). Pap. Avulsos Zool. 30 (8): 119-122
  • Vanzolini,P.E. & Ramos, A.M.M. 1977. A new species of Colobodactylus, with notes on the distribution of a group of stranded microteiid lizards (Sauria, Teiidae). Pap. Avulsos Zool. 31 (3): 19-47
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