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Apostolepis serrana DE LEMA & RENNER, 2006

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesPortuguese: Cobrinha-da-Terra, Cobra-Rainha-da-Serra-do-Roncador 
SynonymApostolepis serrana DE LEMA & RENNER 2006
Apostolepis serrana — WALLACH et al. 2014: 53
Apostolepis serrana — NOGUEIRA et al. 2019 
DistributionBrazil (Mato Grosso)

Type locality: Eastern Serra do Roncador, Rio das Mortes basin, Mato Grosso, Brazil, at 1500 feet high; Cerrado domain; captured near the Indian village Pimentel Barbosa (12°51’ S - 51°46’ W).  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1972.430 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Similar to A. phillipsi, from which differs, mainly, by absence of light nuchal collar; male with high number of ventral scales, 234 (instead 227, female); snout few projected (instead too projecting); terminal plate entirely white (instead black above and tip). Similar to A. striata, from which differs, mainly, by hemipenis with calyculate apex and spermatic groove only forked at apex (instead forked before the median organ, with apex spinulate); higher number of ventral scales, 234 (instead 202); terminal plate entirely white (instead black above and tip); light brown blotches on prefrontals (instead prefrontals entirely blackish brown). 
EtymologyApparently named after the type locality, Eastern Serra do Roncador, but not explicitly stated. 
  • ALBUQUERQUE, NELSON RUFINO DE & THALES DE LEMA 2012. Description of the second known specimen of Apostolepis intermedia (Serpentes, Colubridae, Xenodontinae). Zootaxa 3325: 53–58 - get paper here
  • Gonzalez R. C. et al. 2020. Lista dos Nomes Populares dos Répteis no Brasil – Primeira Versão. Herpetologia Brasileira 9 (2): 121 – 214 - get paper here
  • Lema, T. de & Renner, M.F. 2006. A new species of Apostolepis with striped pattern from Mato Grosso, Brasil (Serpentes, Elapomorphine). Ciência em movimento 8: 13-18
  • Lema, Thales and Patrick Campbell 2017. New Species of Apostolepis (Serpentes, Dipsadinae, Elapomorphini) from Bolivia, from the Apostolepis borellii Group. Research & Reviews: Journal of Zoological Sciences 5 (1): 19- - get paper here
  • Nogueira, Cristiano C.; Antonio J.S. Argôlo, Vanesa Arzamendia, Josué A. Azevedo, Fausto E. Barbo, Renato S. Bérnils, Bruna E. Bolochio, Marcio Borges-Martins, Marcela Brasil-Godinho, Henrique Braz, Marcus A. Buononato, Diego F. Cisneros-Heredia, 2019. Atlas of Brazilian snakes: verified point-locality maps to mitigate the Wallacean shortfall in a megadiverse snake fauna. South American J. Herp. 14 (Special Issue 1):1-274 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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