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Brachymeles schadenbergi (FISCHER, 1885)

IUCN Red List - Brachymeles schadenbergi - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Scincinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Schadenberg’s Burrowing Skink 
SynonymEumeces (Riopa) schadenbergi FISCHER 1885: 87
Brachymeles schadenbergi — BOETTGER 1886 (part)
Brachymeles schadenbergi — TAYLOR 1922
Brachymeles schadenbergi schadenbergi — BROWN & RABOR 1967
Brachymeles schadenbergi — BROWN & ALCALA 1980: 49
Brachymeles schadenbergi — SILER et al. 2010 
DistributionPhilippines (Sulu Archipelago, Zamboanga Peninsula, SC Mindanao, Basilan, Camiguin Sur)

Type locality: Southern Mindanao Island.  
TypesHolotype: MTD = Dresden Museum (= MTKD) 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. Brachymeles schadenbergi can be distinguished from congeners by the following combination of characters: (1) body large (SVL 93.1–115.8 mm); (2) pentadactyl; (3) Finger-III lamellae five or six; (4) Toe-IV lamellae eight or nine; (5) limbs relatively long; (6) supralabials six or seven; (7) infralabials six or seven; (8) pineal eye spot present; (9) supranasals in contact; (10) prefrontals not contacting on midline; (11) enlarged chin shields in two pairs; (12) nuchal scales undifferentiated; (13) fifth and sixth supralabial below eye; (14) auricular opening present; and (15) continuous, light dorsolateral stripes absent (Tables 4 and 5 in SILER & BROWN 2010).
CommentPentadactyl species.

Brachymeles schadenbergi orientalis BROWN & RABOR 1967 has been elevated to full species status.

For further comparison see SILER & BROWN 2010.

Habitat: semifossorial and typically found in dry, rotting material inside or underneath decaying logs or in loose soil, forest floor detritus, and leaf litter of lowland forest. 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Brown WC & RABOR DS 1967. Review of the genus Brachymeles (Sauria), with descriptions of new species and subspecies. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (4) 34: 525-548 - get paper here
  • Brown, Walter C. 1956. A revision of the genus Brachymeles (Scincidae), with descriptions of new species and subspecies. Breviora (54): 1-19 - get paper here
  • Brown, WC. & A.C. ALCALA 1980. Philippine Lizards of the family Scincidae. Silliman Univ. Nat. Sci., Dumaguete City, Mon., Ser. 2: i-xi + 1-246.
  • Fischer, J. G. 1885. Ichthyologische und herpetologische Bemerkungen. V. Herpetologische Bemerkungen. Jahrb. Hamburg. Wiss. Anst. 2: 82-121 - get paper here
  • Siler, Cameron D. and Rafe M. Brown 2010. Phylogeny-based Species Delimitation in Philippine Slender Skinks (Reptilia: Squamata: Scincidae: Brachymeles): Taxonomic Revision of Pentadactyl Species Groups and Description of Three New Species. Herpetological Monographs 24 (1): 1-54 - get paper here
  • Siler, Cameron D.; Arvin C. Diesmos, Rafe M. Brown 2010. New Loam-Swimming Skink, Genus Brachymeles (Reptilia: Squamata: Scincidae) from Luzon and Catanduanes Islands, Philippines. Journal of Herpetology 44 (1): 49–60 - get paper here
  • Siler, Cameron D.; Arvin C. Diesmos, Angel C. Alcala and Rafe M. Brown 2011. Phylogeny of Philippine slender skinks (Scincidae: Brachymeles) reveals underestimated species diversity, complex biogeographical relationships, and cryptic patterns of lineage diversification. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 59 (1): 53-65 - get paper here
  • Siler, Cameron D.; Edmond L. Rico, Mariano R. Duya, and Rafe M. Brown 2009. A NEW LIMB-REDUCED, LOAM-SWIMMING SKINK (SQUAMATA: SCINCIDAE: BRACHYMELES) FROM CENTRAL LUZON ISLAND, PHILIPPINES. Herpetologica 65 (4): 449 - get paper here
  • Stokely, Paul Scott 1947. Limblessness and correlated changes in the girdles of a comparative morphological series of lizards. American Midland Naturalist 38 (3): 725-754 - get paper here
  • Taylor, E.H. 1922. The lizards of the Philippine Islands. Department of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Bureau of Science, Government of the Philippine Islands, Manila, Publication no. 17: 269 pp. - get paper here
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