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Brachyorrhos pygmaeus MURPHY & VORIS, 2020

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Higher TaxaHomalopsidae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymBrachyorrhos pygmaeus MURPHY & VORIS 2020 
DistributionIndonesia (Seram Island)

Type locality: Seram Island, Indonesia  
Reproductionovovivparous (by implication) 
TypesHolotype: BMNH1910.4.26.60, mature female, collected in 1909 by Wilfred Stalker (Murphy and Voris 2020). 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. A Brachyorrhos with a rounded snout, a loreal scale; one preocular scale; upper labials six or seven, the fourth upper labial bordering the orbit; the second and third upper labials contact loreal; six lower labials; 143 ventral scales; 22 subcaudal scales; the tail is 11.5% of the SVL.

Comparisons: A Brachyorrhos with a rounded snout, a loreal scale; one preocular scale; upper labials six or seven, the fourth upper labial bordering the orbit; the second and third upper labials contact loreal; six lower labials; 143 ventral scales; 22 subcaudal scales; the tail is 11.5% of the SVL. No other Brachyorrhos has a preocular and loreal scale and a ventral count below 160 (Murphy and Voris 2020). 
CommentOnly known from the holotype. 
EtymologyEtymology: The epithet is derived from the small size of this snake. At 128 mm total length and the specimen being a gravid female this species is a candidate for the smallest advanced snake (Murphy and Voris 2020) 
References
  • Murphy, John C. and Harold K. Voris 2020. A new species of Brachyorrhos from Seram, Indonesia and notes on fangless homalopsids (Squamata, Serpentes). Philippine Journal of Systematic Biology 14 (2): 1-8 - get paper here
 
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