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Bunopus blanfordii STRAUCH, 1887

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Blanford’s Rock Gecko
G: Blanfords Felsengecko 
SynonymBunopus blanfordii STRAUCH 1887: 61
Bunopus blanfordii — ANDERSON 1896: 21
Alsophylax blanfordii — PARKER 1931
Alsophylax blanfordii — LOVERIDGE 1947: 58
Alsophylax blanfordi — HAAS 1957
Bunopus blanfordii — WERNER 1991: 37
Bunopus blanfordii — RÖSLER 2000: 61
Bunopus blanfordii — BAUER et al. 2013
Bunopus blanfordii — MEIRI et al. 2019 
DistributionIsrael, Jordan

Type locality: Egypt  
TypesHolotype: ZISP 18290 
DiagnosisDescription. Snout short, rounded, longer than the distance between the eye and the ear-opening, latter moderate or large, vertically oval, its diameter about a third that of the orbit; rostral broader than high, with median cleft above; granules on snout unequal, convex, more or less subequal to the tubercles scattered among the minute granules on occiput; nostril between rostral, first labial and 2-3 nasals, the anterior separated from its fellow by 2-4 granules; upper labials 10-12; lower labials 9-11; mental longer than broad; no postmentals or chin-shields though the postmental-sublabial granules are slightly enlarged while posteriorly merging into the gular granules. Back and limbs covered above with small, unequal, smooth or feebly keeled, juxtaposed or subimbricate, granular scales intermixed with larger, strongly keeled, trihedral tubercles forming 14-16 more or less regular longitudinal rows; Yentral scales faintly keeled, mucronate, imbricate; limbs slender, the adpressed hind limb reaching nearly to axilla or shoulder; digits inferiorly with 9-10 transversely dilated scales under first toe, 18-19 under the fourth; tail coered aboYe with irregular smooth scales and 6 (3 + 3) rows of strongly keeled tubercle.-5,e ach whorl of tubercles being separated by 2-3 rows of the smaller scales, on either side of the base of tail in both sexes is a single row of 2 white tootl:.-like tubercles; males with as many as 31 preano-femoral pores forming an ill-defined and interrupted series; tail longer than head and body (Loveridge 1947: 58).

Color. Above, sandy white, a reddish brown streak from nostril through eye to occiput where it forms a U-shaped mark with its fellow; head and lips more or less speckled with reddish brown; back spotted with reddish brown or the spots coalescing to form a series of broad crossbars; limbs also obscurely spotted or barred; tail distinctly crossbarred. Below, white, uniform (Loveridge 1947: 59). 
CommentStatus unclear.

Synonymy: Most authors appear to consider Bunopus blanfordii as a synonym of B. tuberculatus (e.g. ARNOLD 1980, LEVITON et al. 1992, DISI & BÖHME 1996) although Bauer et al. 2013 “tentatively” recognize it as valid species. The uncertain status has not changed as of 10 Nov 2021 (A. Bauer, pers. comm.). 
EtymologyNamed after William Thomas Blanford (1832-1905), member of the Geological Survey of India. 
  • Al-Quran, S. 2009. The Herpetofauna of the Southern Jordan. American-Eurasian J. Agric. & Environ. Sci., 6 (4): 385-391 [this journal has a dubious record, see]
  • Al-Shammari, Ahmed M. 2012. Additional Records of Lizards in Ha'il Province, Saudi Arabia. Russ. J. Herpetol. 19 (4): 287-291 - get paper here
  • Ananjeva, NB, Orlov NL; Khalikov RG; Darevsky IS; Ryabov IS & Barabanov AV 2006. The Reptiles of North Eurasia. Taxonomic Diversity, Distribution, Conservation Status [this comprises the territory of the former Soviet Union and Mongolia]. Pensoft Series Faunistica 47, 250 pp.
  • Anderson, John 1896. A Contribution to the Herpetology of Arabia, with a preliminary list of the reptiles and batrachians of Egypt. London, R. H. Porter, 124 pp. - get paper here
  • Anderson, S.C. 1963. Amphibians and Reptiles from Iran. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. Ser. 4, 31(16): 417-498 - get paper here
  • Anderson, Steven C 1999. The lizards of Iran. Contributions to Herpetology Volume 15, Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, Saint Louis, Missouri: i-vii, 1-442 [review in Copeia 2000 (4): 1144] - get paper here
  • Arnold E N 1980. The scientific results of the Oman flora and fauna survey 1977 (Dhofar). The reptiles and amphibians of Dhofar, southern Arabia. JOURNAL OF OMAN STUDIES SPECIAL REPORT (No. 2): 273-332 - get paper here
  • Bar, Aviad and Guy Haimovitch 2012. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Israel. Pazbar LTD, 246 pp. - get paper here
  • Bauer, A.M. & Günther,R. 1991. An annotated type catalogue of the geckos (Reptilia: Gekkonidae) in the Zoological Museum , Berlin. Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin 67: 279-310 - get paper here
  • BAUER, AARON M.; RAFAQAT MASROOR, JAMES TITUS-MCQUILLAN, MATTHEW P. HEINICKE,, JUAN D. DAZA & TODD R. JACKMAN 2013. A preliminary phylogeny of the Palearctic naked-toed geckos (Reptilia: Squamata: Gekkonidae) with taxonomic implications. Zootaxa 3599 (4): 301–324 - get paper here
  • Blanford,W.T. 1874. Descriptions of new lizards from Persia and Baluchistàn. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 13: 453-455 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1887. A list of the reptiles and batrachians obtained near Muscat, Arabia, and presented to the British Museum by Surgeon-Major A.S.G. Jayakar. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (5) 20: 407-408 - get paper here
  • BOURQUIN, O. 2011. The terrestrial reptiles of Sir Bani Yas Island, United Arab Emirates. African Herp News (53): 27-34 - get paper here
  • Brown, J.N.B. 1977. Reptiles of the United Arab Emirates. Part 1. Lizards. Bulletin of the Emirates Natural History Group 2:
  • Disi, A.M.; Modry, D.; Necas, P. & Rifai, L. 2001. Amphibians and reptiles of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 408 pp.
  • Disi, Ahmad M.; Böhme, Wolfgang 1996. Zoogeography of the amphibians and reptiles of Syria, with additional new records. Herpetozoa 9 (1/2): 63-70 - get paper here
  • Forcart, Lothar 1950. Amphibien und Reptilien von Iran. Verh. naturf. Ges. Basel 61: 141-156
  • Frynta,D. et al. 1997. Results of the Czech biological expedition to Iran. Part 1. Notes on the distribution of amphibians and reptiles. Acta Soc. Zool. Bohem. 61: 3-17
  • Goldberg, S.R. & Maza, E. 2017. Bunopus blanfordii (Blanford's Rock Gecko) Reproduction. Herpetological Review 48 (4): 845 - get paper here
  • Haas G. and Werner, Y. L. 1969. Lizards and snakes from Southwestern Asia, collected by Henry Field. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 138: 327-406. - get paper here
  • Haas, Georg 1957. Some amphibians and reptiles from Arabia. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 29 (3): 47-86 - get paper here
  • Jongbloed, M. 2000. Field Guide to the reptiles and amphibians of the UAE - Wild about reptiles. Barkers Trident Communications, 116 pp.
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  • Leptien, Rolf 1993. Observations on the Arabian desert gecko Bunopus tuberculatus Blanford, 1874 from the United Arab Emirates. Dactylus 2 (2): 56-58
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  • Leviton,A.E. & Anderson,S.C. 1967. Survey of the reptiles of the Sheikdom of Abu Dhabi, Arabian Peninsula. Part II. Systematic account of the collction of reptiles made in the Sheikdom of Abu Daby by John Gasperetti. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (4) 35: 157-192 - get paper here
  • Leviton,A.E.; Anderson,S.C.; Adler, K.; Minton,S.A. 1992. Handbook to Middle East Amphibians and Reptiles. SSAR, Oxford, Ohio (Contr. to Herpetol. No. 8), 1-252
  • Loveridge, A. 1947. Revision of the African lizards of the family Gekkondiae. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 98: 1-469 - get paper here
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  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
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  • Schleich, H. H. 1977. Distributional maps of reptiles of Iran. Herpetological Review 8: 126-129. - get paper here
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