You are here » home advanced search search results Calamaria lumbricoidea

Calamaria lumbricoidea BOIE, 1827

IUCN Red List - Calamaria lumbricoidea - Least Concern, LC

Can you confirm these amateur observations of Calamaria lumbricoidea?

Add your own observation of
Calamaria lumbricoidea »

Find more photos by Google images search: Google images

Higher TaxaColubridae, Calamariinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Variable Reed Snake
G: Variable Riednatter 
SynonymCalamaria lumbricoidea H. BOIE in F. BOIE 1827: 540
Calamaria vermiformis DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 85
Calamaria temmincki DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 87
Calamaria lumbricoidea — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1854: 89
Calamaria melanorhynchos BLEEKER 1860
Calamaria alkeni BLEEKER 1860
Calamaria lumbricoidea — JAN 1865
Calamaria vermiformis — JAN 1865
Calamaria stahlknechtii STOLICZKA 1873
Calamaria stahlknechtii — BOULENGER 1885: 388
Calamaria vermiformis var. sumatranus LIDTH DE JEUDE 1890
Calamaria bungaroides WERNER 1901: 300
Calamaria vermiformis — LIDTH DE JEUDE 1922: 247
Calamaria bruegeli MERTENS 1924 (fide MANTHEY 1983)
Calamaria göringi VOGT 1925: 64
Calamaria vermiformis — TWEEDIE 1950
Calamaria vermiformis — TWEEDIE 1954
Calamaria lumbricoidea — INGER & MARX 1965: 75
Calamaria vermiformis — HENDRICKSON 1966: 67
Calamaria lumbricoidea — GRANDISON 1972: 86
Calamaria lumbricoidea — MANTHEY & GROSSMANN 1997: 326
Calamaria lumbricoidea — COX et al. 1998: 36
Calamaria lumbricoidea — INGER & VORIS 2001
Calamaria lumbricoidea — COX et al. 2012: 76
Calamaria lumbricoidea — WALLACH et al. 2014: 139 
DistributionThailand, W Malaysia (Pulau Tioman), Sarawak, Sabah,
Indonesia (Nias, Sumatra, Borneo, Java, Great Natuna, Kalimantan, Mentawai Archipelago),
Philippines (Basilan, Mindanao, Negros, Bohol, Leyte, Samar, Camiguin Sur),
Singapore

Type locality: Java  
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesLectotype: RMNH (existence and type status unclear fide Esther Dondorp, pers. comm. 28 Jan 2019)
Holotype: ZMB, Java [Calamaria göringi]
Syntype: RMNH RENA 3976, collected by: P.BLeeker, 1880 [melanorhynchos] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. Maxillary teeth modified; third and fourth supralabials entering orbit; preocular present; mental touching anterior chin shields; paraparietal surrounded by 4 or 5 scales and shields; belly yellow with black crossbars wider than width of one ventral.
Populations of lumbricoidea from Java and parts of Sumatra have immaculate light bellies. Javanese lumbricoidea are distinguished from all other species known from that island by the other characters mentioned in the diagnosis. Those characters also distinguish the light-bellied Sumatran lumbricoidea from all other Sumatran Calamaria except albiventer. The last has two lateral light stripes which differentiate it from lumbricoidea (Inger & Marx 1965: 78).

Description. Rostral wider than high, or higher than wide, portion visible from above about half length of prefrontal suture; prefrontal equal to or slightly shorter than frontal, touching first 2 supralabials; frontal hexagonal, 1.5 to 2.5 times width of supraocular,about 3/4 to 5/6 length of parietal; parietal 1.5 times length of prefrontal; paraparietal surrounded by 4 or 5 shields and scales; nasal smaller than postocular; preocular present, higher than post-ocular; postocular usually not as high as eye; eye smaller than, equal to, or greater than eye-mouth distance; 5 supralabials, third and fourth entering orbit, fifth the largest, first 4 subequal or third the smallest; mental triangular, touching anterior chin shields; 5 infralabials, first 3 touching anterior chin shields; both pairs of chin shields usually meeting in midline; usually 3 gulars in midline between posterior chin shields and first ventral (see Geographic variation) (Inger & Marx 1965: 78, also for information below).

Body thickness index 0.012-0.074; tail thick, tapering abruptly near tip to sharp point; dorsal scales reduce to 4 rows on tail opposite first to eleventh subcaudal anterior to terminal scute.

Hemipenis variable (see Geographic variation). Cloaca of female bilobed, bulbous, or cardioid, not varying geographically (Inger and Marx, 1962).

Teeth: Nine (1 specimen), 10 (19) or 11 (2) modified maxillary teeth.

Ventrals: males,144-196 (mean 172.0; N=132); females,137-229 (mean 190.8; N=116). Subcaudals: males, 17-27 (mean 21.5; N=134); females, 13-21 (mean 16.3; N=118).

Total length: males, 149-498 mm.; females, 120-642 mm. Ratio of tail to total length: males, 0.063-0.114 (mean 0.080; N=126); females, 0.039-0.083 (mean 0.056; N=113).

Coloration: dark brown or black above, with or without narrow, light stripes; scales without network; first one or two scale rows yellow; ventral surface yellow, with or without black crossbands (see Ontogenetic variation and Geographic variation).

Ontogenetic variation. The heads of juveniles (up to about 200 mm, total length) are yellow in preservative whereas those of adults are dark brown or black. Darkening of the head begins on the snout and gradually spreads to cover the entire head (Fig. 21). Juveniles of most populations have yellow bands across the dorsum. These bands are one-half to two scales wide (Fig. 22).

Geographic variation: see Inger & Marx 1965: 82 
CommentSynonymy mostly after David & Vogel 1996.

Type species: Calamaria lumbricoidea H. BOIE in F. BOIE 1827 has been considered as the type species of the genus Calamaria BOIE 1827 (here Calamaria linnaei is considered the type species, following WALLACH et al. 2014). 
References
  • Beukema, W. 2011. Herpetofauna of disturbed forest fragments on the lower Mt. Kitanglad Rnage, Mindanao Isand, Philippines. Salamandra 47 (2): 90-98 - get paper here
  • Boie, F. 1827. Bemerkungen über Merrem's Versuch eines Systems der Amphibien, 1. Lieferung: Ophidier. Isis von Oken 20: 508-566. - get paper here
  • Boulenger,G.A. 1885. A list of reptiles and batrachians from the Island of Nias. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 16: 388-389 - get paper here
  • Chan-ard, T., Parr, J.W.K. & Nabhitabhata, J. 2015. A field guide to the reptiles of Thailand. Oxford University Press, NY, 352 pp. [see book reviews by Pauwels & Grismer 2015 and Hikida 2015 for corrections] - get paper here
  • Cox, Merel J.; Hoover, M.F.; Chanhome, Lawan & Thirakhupt,Kumthorn 2012. The Snakes of Thailand. Chulalongkorn University Museum of Natural History, 845 pp.
  • Cox, Merel J.; Van Dijk, Peter Paul; Jarujin Nabhitabhata & Thirakhupt,Kumthorn 1998. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand. Ralph Curtis Publishing, 144 pp.
  • Das, I. 2012. A Naturalist's Guide to the Snakes of South-East Asia: Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, Myanmar, Borneo, Sumatra, Java and Bali. Oxford J, ohn Beaufoy Publishing - get paper here
  • David,P. & Vogel, G. 1996. The snakes of Sumatra. An annotated checklist and key with natural history notes. Bücher Kreth, Frankfurt/M.
  • Fukuyama R, Fukuyama I, Kurita T, Kojima Y, Hossman MY, Noda A, Nishikawa K 2021. New herpetofaunal records from Gunung Mulu National Park and its surrounding areas in Borneo. Herpetozoa 34: 89-96 - get paper here
  • Gemel, R.; G. Gassner & S. Schweiger 2019. Katalog der Typen der Herpetologischen Sammlung des Naturhistorischen Museums Wien – 2018. Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, B 121: 33–248
  • Grandison, A.G.C. 1972. The Gunong Benom Expedition 1967. 5. Reptiles and amphibians of Gunong Benom with a description of a new species of Macrocalamus. Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Zool.), London, 23: 45-101.
  • Grismer, L. L., H. Kaiser & N. S. Yaakob 2004. A new species of Reed Snake of the genus Calamaria H. Boie, 1827, from Pulau Tioman, Pahang, West Malaysia. Hamadryad 28 (1&2): 1-6
  • Grismer, L. Lee; Chan K. Onn, Jesse L. Grismer, Perry L. Wood, Jr., and A. Norhayati 2010. A CHECKLIST OF THE HERPETOFAUNA OF THE BANJARAN BINTANG, PENINSULAR MALAYSIA. Russ. J. Herpetol. 17 (2): 147-160 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L.L. 2011. Amphibians and reptiles of the Seribuat Archipelago. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 239 pp.
  • Hendrickson,J.R. 1966. Observations on the fauna of Pulau Tioman and Pulau Tulai. 5. The Reptiles. Bull. Nat. Mus. Singapore 34: 53-71
  • Inger, R. F. & H. MARX 1965. The systematics and evolution of the oriental colubrid snakes of the genus Calamaria. Fieldiana: Zoology 49: 1-304. - get paper here
  • Inger, R. F.;Marx, H. 1962. Variation of hemipenis and cloaca in the colubrid snake Calamaria lumbricoidea. Systematic Zoology 11 (1): 32-38 - get paper here
  • Inger, R.F. & Voris, H. K. 2001. The biogeographical relations of the frogs and snakes of Sundaland. Journal of Biogeography 28: 863-89 1
  • Jan, G. 1865. Iconographie générale des ophidiens. 10. Livraison. J.B. Bailière et Fils, Paris - get paper here
  • Lang, Ruud de 2017. The Snakes of Java, Bali and Surrounding Islands. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt am Main, Germany, 435 pp. - get paper here
  • Leviton, Alan E.; Cameron D. Siler, Jeffrey L. Weinell, and Rafe M. Brown 2018. Synopsis of the Snakes of the Philippines. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 64 (14): 399-568 - get paper here
  • Lidth DE JEUDE, T.W. VAN 1922. Snakes from Sumatra. Zoologische Mededelingen 6: 239-253. - get paper here
  • Lim, K.K.P. & Ng, H.H. 1999. The terrestrial herpetofauna of Pulau Tioman, Peninsular Malaysia. Raffles Bull. Zool., Suppl. No. 6: 131-155 - get paper here
  • Malkmus, R.; Manthey, U.; Vogel, G. Hoffmann, P. & Kosuch, J. 2002. Amphibians and reptiles of Mount Kinabalu (North Borneo). A.R.G. Ganther Verlag, Rugell, 404 pp.
  • Manthey, U. & Grossmann, W. 1997. Amphibien & Reptilien Südostasiens. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 512 pp. - get paper here
  • Manthey,U. 1983. Exkursion am Mt. Kinabalu (4101 m), Nordborneo, Teil 3: Checkliste der Herpetofauna oberhalb 600 m ü. NN. Herpetofauna 5 (23): 20-31 - get paper here
  • Marx, H. & R. F. INGER 1955. Notes on the snakes of the genus Calamaria. Fieldiana: Zoology 37: 167 - 209 - get paper here
  • Mohagan, Alma B.; Olga M. Nuñeza, Angel C. Alcala, Jose A. Escarlos Jr., Arturo G. Gracia Jr., Eric Claire T. Selpa, Leonil Jun B. Baguhin, Fulgent P. Coritico & Victor B. Amoroso 2019. Species richness and endemism of Reptilian Fauna in four Long-Term Ecological Research sites in Mindanao, Philippines. Biodiversity Journal, 2019, 10 (3): 237–248 - get paper here
  • NUR-AMALINA M.I.; AZHARI, M., NORSHAQINAH, A., NOR AZRIN, N.A., SHUKOR, M.N., AISAH, M.S., AMIRRUDIN, A., GRISMER, L.L. and NORHAYATI, A. 2017. SPECIES COMPOSITION OF AMPHIBIANS AND REPTILES IN TEMBAT FOREST RESERVE, HULU TERENGGANU, TERENGGANU, PENINSULAR MALAYSIA. Malays. Appl. Biol. 46 (4): 119–129 - get paper here
  • ONN, CHAN KIN; L. LEE. GRISMER, DIONYSIUS S. SHARMA, DAICUS BELABUT, and NORHAYATI AHMA 2009. New herpetofaunal records for Perlis State Park and adjacent areas. Malayan Nature Journal 61 (4): 255 - 262
  • O’Shea, M. 2018. The Book of Snakes. Ivy Press / Quarto Publishing, London, - get paper here
  • Poyarkov, Nikolay A.; Jr., Tan Van Nguyen, Nikolai L. Orlov, Gernot Vogel 2019. A New Species of the Genus Calamaria Boie, 1827 from the Highlands of the Langbian Plateau, Southern Vietnam (Squamata: Colubridae). Russ. J. Herpetol. 26 (6): 335-348 - get paper here
  • Quah, Evan S. H.; Kelvin K.P. Lim, Eric H.H. Leong and Shahrul Anuar M.S. 2018. Identification and a new record from Penang Island of the rare red-bellied reed snake (Calamaria albiventer) (Gray, 1835) (Serpentes: Calamariinae). RAFFLES BULLETIN OF ZOOLOGY 66: 486–493 - get paper here
  • Rooijen, J. van & Myriam van Rooijen. 2007. The land snakes of the Santubong Peninsula, Sarawak, Borneo: A preliminary list of species with natural history notes. Russ. J. Herpetol. 14 (1):27-38 - get paper here
  • Rooijen, J. van & van Rooijen, M. 2002. Einige Ergänzungen, Berichtigungen und neue Beobachtungen zur Herpetofauna von Pulau Tioman, West-Malaysia. Sauria 24 (3): 3-12 [erratum in 24 (4): 34] - get paper here
  • Sanguila MB, Cobb KA, Siler CD, Diesmos AC, Alcala AC, Brown RM 2016. The amphibians and reptiles of Mindanao Island, southern Philippines, II: the herpetofauna of northeast Mindanao and adjacent islands. ZooKeys 624: 1–132, doi: 10.3897/zookeys.624.9814 - get paper here
  • Smedley, N. 1932. Amphibians and reptiles from the Cameron Highlands, Malay Peninsula. Bull. Raffles Mus. 6: 105 - 123 [1931] - get paper here
  • Solania, C. L., Cuadrado, J. T., Galolo, A. R. V., & Gamalinda, E. F. 2021. Species Richness and Community Structure of Amphibians and Reptiles in Andanan Watershed Forest Reserve, Caraga Region, Philippines. Biodiversity Journal 12 (3): 673–694 - get paper here
  • Stoliczka,F. 1873. Notes on some species of Malayan Amphibia and reptilia. J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 42: 111-126 - get paper here
  • Stuebing, R.B. & INGER, R.F. 1999. A field guide to the snakes of Borneo. Natural history Publications (Borneo), Kota Kinabalu, 254 pp. [corrections in HR 31: 124]. - get paper here
  • Stuebing, R.B., Inger, R.F. & Lardner, B. 2014. A field guide to the snakes of Borneo, second edition. Natural history Publications (Borneo)
  • Teo, R.C.H. & N.J. Thomas 2019. Updated Inventory of Amphibians, Reptiles and Mammals of the Bukit Timah Nature Reserve, Singapore. Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore 71(Suppl. 1):145-183; doi: 10.26492/gbs71(suppl.1).2019-06 - get paper here
  • Teo, R.C.H. & Rajathurai, S. 1997. Mammals, reptiles and amphibians in the Nature Reserves of Singapore - diversity, abundance and distribution. Proc. Nature Reserves Survey Seminar. Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore 49: 353-425
  • TEYNIÉ, ALEXANDRE; PATRICK DAVID, & ANNEMARIE OHLER 2010. Note on a collection of Amphibians and Reptiles from Western Sumatra (Indonesia), with the description of a new species of the genus Bufo. Zootaxa 2416: 1–43 - get paper here
  • Tweedie, M.W.F. 1950. Notes on Malayan reptiles, No.2. Bull. Raffles Mus. No 23: 191-199
  • Tweedie, M.W.F. 1954. Notes on Malayan reptiles, No.3. Bull. Raffles Mus. No 25: 107-117
  • VENTURINA, Russell Evan L.;Ynigo Luis C. DEL PRADO,Rhim Ayyah C. KAMIR, Marlon N. BALMORES and Arvin C. DIESMOS 2020. A Revised Checklist of Amphibians and Reptiles in Camiguin Sur, Misamis Oriental, Mindaanao, Philippines. Asian Herpetological Research 11 (1): 28-43 - get paper here
  • Vogt, Theodor 1925. Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Schlangengattung Calamaria. Zool. Anz. 62 (3/4): 64-65
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Weinell, J. L., Leviton, A. E., & Brown, R. M. 2021. A new species of reed snake, genus Calamaria (Colubridae: Calamariinae), from Mindoro Island, Philippines. Philippine Journal of Systematic Biology, DOI 10.26757/pjsb2020b14006 - get paper here
  • Weinell, Jeffrey L.; Errol Hooper, Alan E. Leviton, Rafe M. Brown 2019. Illustrated Key to the Snakes of the Philippines. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (4) 66 (1): 1-49 - get paper here
  • Werner, F. 1901. Neue Reptilien des Königsberger Zoologischen Museums. Zool. Anz. 24: 297-301 - get paper here
 
External links  
Is it interesting? Share with others:

As link to this species use URL address:

https://reptile-database.reptarium.cz/species?genus=Calamaria&species=lumbricoidea

without field 'search_param'. Field 'search_param' is used for browsing search result.



Please submit feedback about this entry to the curator