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Calamophis katesandersae MURPHY, 2012

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Higher TaxaHomalopsidae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Andian Stout-tailed Snake 
SynonymCalamophis katesandersae MURPHY 2012
Brachyorrhos jobiensis — PETERS & DORIA 1878: 371
Brachyorrhos albus — BOULENGER 1893: 305
Calamophis katesandersae — MURPHY & VORIS 2014: 8
Calamophis katesandersae — WALLACH et al. 2014: 143 
DistributionWest Papua New Guinea, Indonesia

Type locality: Andai, West Papua, Indonesia (~0°54'58"S, 134°00'25"E).  
TypesHolotype: MSNG 56343-1, presumably an adult female 223 mm in total length, collected by A. A. Bruijn in Dec.1875; Paratype – MSNG 56343-2, a smaller, subadult female, 163 mm in total length collected at the same time and at locality as the holotype. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. Laterally compressed body (mid-body width 75– 79% of body’s height), exceptionally short tail (3.7–3.8% of snout–vent length [SVL]); frontal pentagonal but almost triangular; five or six upper labials; seven lower labials; low subcaudal count (eight or nine). See Fig. 2 in MURPHY 2012, MURPHY & VORIS 2014. 
CommentDescription based on 2 specimens, collected in 1875. 
EtymologyNamed in honour of Kate Laura Sanders for her work on the evolution of sea snakes and interests in snake phylogeny. 
  • Murphy, J.C. & Voris, H.K. 2014. A Checklist and Key to the Homalopsid Snakes (Reptilia, Squamata, Serpentes), with the Description of New Genera. FIELDIANA: LIFE AND EARTH SCIENCES (8): 1–43 - get paper here
  • Murphy, John C. 2012. Synonymised and forgotten, the bird’s head stout-tailed snakes, Calamophis Meyer (Squamata: Serpentes: Homalopsidae). The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 60 (2): 515-523 - get paper here
  • O’Shea M and Kaiser H. 2016. The first female specimen of the poorly known Arfak Stout-tailed Snake, Calamophis sharonbrooksae Mur- phy, 2012 (Serpentes: Colubroidea: Homalopsidae), from the Vogelkop Peninsula of Indonesian West New Guinea, with comments on the taxonomic history Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 10(2) [General Section]: 1–10 (e122)
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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