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Calamophis ruuddelangi MURPHY, 2012

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Higher TaxaHomalopsidae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Kebar Stout-tailed Snake 
SynonymCalamophis ruuddelangi MURPHY 2012
Brachyorrhos jobiensis — PETERS & DORIA 1878: 371
Calamophis jobiensis: — SAUVAGE 1878: 60
Brachyorrhos albus — BOULENGER 1893: 305
Calamophis ruuddelangi — MURPHY & VORIS 2014: 8
Calamophis ruuddelangi — WALLACH et al. 2014: 143 
DistributionWest Papua New Guinea, Indonesia

Type locality: Ambuaki in the Tamrau Mountains (~ 0°46'S, 132°57'E) West Papua.  
TypesHolotype: MNHN-RA 5175. A 261 mm (total length) male. Collected by Achille Raffray, about 1877. Paratype. — BPBM 3850. A 246 mm (total length) male; collected in West Papua, Manokwari Division, Kebar Valley, about 550 m by L. & S. Quate in Jan.1962 (appears to be a road kill). 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. Gracile cylindrical body, relatively short tail (12% of SVL); six upper labials, fifth tallest, three and four shorter, ventrals 143–145, subcaudals 21–23 (MURPHY & VORIS 2014).
CommentThis species is based on two, presumably adult specimens, collected at two localities about 96 years apart.

Similar species: Sauvage (1878) discusses this specimen (MNHN 5175) as C. jobiensis and reports it having 15 dorsal scale rows, 142 ventrals and 21 subcaudals. Only his subcaudal counts agree with the data collected for this study. 
EtymologyNamed in honour of Ruud de Lang for his work on the herpetofauna of Indonesia. 
  • Murphy, J.C. & Voris, H.K. 2014. A Checklist and Key to the Homalopsid Snakes (Reptilia, Squamata, Serpentes), with the Description of New Genera. FIELDIANA: LIFE AND EARTH SCIENCES (8): 1–43 - get paper here
  • Murphy, John C. 2012. Synonymised and forgotten, the bird’s head stout-tailed snakes, Calamophis Meyer (Squamata: Serpentes: Homalopsidae). The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 60 (2): 515-523 - get paper here
  • O’Shea M and Kaiser H. 2016. The first female specimen of the poorly known Arfak Stout-tailed Snake, Calamophis sharonbrooksae Mur- phy, 2012 (Serpentes: Colubroidea: Homalopsidae), from the Vogelkop Peninsula of Indonesian West New Guinea, with comments on the taxonomic history Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 10(2) [General Section]: 1–10 (e122)
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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