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Calotes jerdoni GÜNTHER, 1870

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Draconinae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Jerdon's Forest Lizard
Chinese: 绿背树蜥 
SynonymCalotes jerdonii GÜNTHER 1870: 778
Calotes maria GRAY 1845 (part., fide SMITH 1935)
Calotes platyceps JERDON 1870 (not of BLYTH)
Calotes jerdonii — BOULENGER 1885: 323
Calotes yunnanensis ANNANDALE 1905: 87
Calotes jerdoni — SMITH 1935: 194
Calotes jerdoni — WERMUTH 1967: 38
Calotes jerdoni — MANTHEY & SCHUSTER 1999: 37 
DistributionIndia (Khasi Hills in Assam & Shillong, Mizoram), Burma (= Myanmar), Bhutan, China (Yunnan).

Type locality: “Affghanistan and Khassia Hill” (fide WERMUTH 1967).  
TypesSyntypes: BMNH 1946.8.11.49-58, ZMB 8448 
DiagnosisDescription: “Differs from C. maria in the following characters: Parallel ridges above the tympanum not spinous, the lower one longer, starting from just behind the eye, separated from the tympanum by two or three scales only; 45 to 57 scales round the body; gular scales larger, much larger than the ventrals; an oblique curved fold covered with small granular scales in front of the shoulder. Nuchal crest less strongly developed; the hind limb reaches to the eye or not quite so far” (Smith 1935: 194).

Coloration: “Green above with llght markings (yellow, orange, or brown in life. A light dark-edged dorsolateral stripe sometimes (apparent?), or light vertical bars; light spots upon the limbs at the elbow, knee, and ankle; tail above sometimes with dark spots upon a light ground; sometimes small golden spots on the lower parts of the flanks and belly; dark streaks radiating from the eye; fold in front of the shoulder blackish” (Smith 1935: 195).

Ontogenetic change: “Two hatchlings obtained by Wall at Maymyo, Burma, are handsomely decorated with pale green black-edged bars upon the top of the head and back” (Smith 1935: 194). 
CommentSynonymy partly after WERMUTH 1967. According to KÄSTLE et al. (in SCHLEICH & KÄSTLE 2002: 93), Calotes jerdoni was listed erroneously from Tibet (figure G on plate 23 in ZHAO & ADLER 1993 shows Oriotiaris tricarinata but not Calotes jerdoni as the figure caption says), but has been reported from Yunnan (Zhao et al, 1999; Yang and Rao, 2008). 
EtymologyNamed after Thomas Claverhill Jerdon (1811-1872), British physician, zoologist, and botanist who became an Assistant Surgeon in the East India Company. 
  • Anderson, J. 1872. On some Persian, Himalayan, and other Reptiles. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1872: 371-404 - get paper here
  • Annandale, Nelson 1905. Contributions to Oriental Herpetology. Suppl. II. Notes on the Oriental lizards in the Indian Museum, with a list of the species recorded from British India and Ceylon. J. Proc. Asiat. Soc. Bengal (2) 1: 81-93 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1890. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. Taylor & Francis, London, xviii, 541 pp. - get paper here
  • Das, Abhijit; Uttam Saikia, B. H. C. K. Murthy, Santanu Dey and Sushil K. Dutta 2009. A herpetofaunal inventory of Barail Wildlife Sanctuary and adjacent regions, Assam, north-eastern India. Hamadryad 34 (1): 117 – 134 - get paper here
  • Das, Indraneil & Abhijit Das 2017. A Naturalist’s Guide to the Reptiles of India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. John Beaufoy Publishing Ltd., Oxford, 176 pp.
  • Günther 1870. Descriptions of a new Indian lizard of the genus Calotes. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1870: 778-779 - get paper here
  • Günther, A. 1864. The Reptiles of British India. London (Taylor & Francis), xxvii + 452 pp. - get paper here
  • Hallermann, J. 2000. A new species of Calotes from the Moluccas (Indonesia) with notes on the biogeogreaphy of the genus (Sauria: Agamidae). Bonner Zoologische Beiträge 49 (1-2): 155-163 - get paper here
  • Lalremsanga, H.T., L. Khawlhring & Lalrotluanga 2010. Three additional lizard (Squamata: Sauria) records for Mizoram, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 2(2): 718-720 - get paper here
  • Lenz, Norbert 2012. Von Schmetterlingen und Donnerdrachen - Natur und Kultur in Bhutan. Karlsruher Naturhefte 4, Naturkundemuseum Karlsruhe, 124 pp.
  • Manthey U 2008. Agamid lizards of Southern Asia, Draconinae 1. Terralog 7, 160 pp.
  • Manthey,U. & SCHUSTER,N. 1999. Agamen, 2. Aufl. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 120 pp. - get paper here
  • Purkayastha J. 2013. An Amateur’s Guide to Reptiles of Assam. EBH Publishers (India) - get paper here
  • Schleich, H.H. & Kästle, W. 2002. Amphibians and Reptiles of Nepal. Koeltz, Königstein, 1200 pp. [review in Reptilia 40: 87] - get paper here
  • Sengupta D et al. 2019. Assessment of the Reptilian Fauna in the Brahmaputra Plains of Two Districts in Assam, India. IRCF 26 (1): 65-67 - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1935. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Reptiles and Amphibia, Vol. II. Sauria. Taylor and Francis, London, 440 pp.
  • Tshewang, S. & L. Letro 2018. The herpetofauna of Jigme Singye Wangchuck National Park in central Bhutan: status, distribution and new records. Journal of Threatened Taxa 10(11): 12489–12498; - get paper here
  • Venugopal, P.D. 2010. An updated and annotated list of Indian lizards (Reptilia: Sauria) based on a review of distribution records and checklists of Indian reptiles. Journal of Threatened Taxa 2 (3): 725-738. - get paper here
  • Vindum, J. V., Htun Win, Thin Thin, Kyi Soe Lwin, Awan Khwi Shein & Hla Tun 2003. A new Calotes (Squamata: Agamidae) from the Indo-Burman range of western Myanmar (Burma). Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 54(1): 1-16 - get paper here
  • Wall,F. 1908. Remarks on the Agamoid Lizard (Calotes jerdoni). J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 18: 505-506 - get paper here
  • Wang, Kai; Jinlong Ren, Hongman Chen, Zhitong Lyu, Xianguang Guo Ke Jiang, Jinmin Chen, Jiatang Li, Peng Guo, Yingyong Wang, Jing Che 2020. The updated checklists of amphibians and reptiles of China. Biodiversity Science 28 (2): 189-218 - get paper here
  • Wangyal, Jigme Tshelthrim 2019. The status of herpetofauna of Bhutan. District Forest Office, District Administration, Trashigang, Bhutan, 20-39 - get paper here
  • Yang DT, Rao DQ. 2008. Amphibia and Reptilia of Yunnan. Kunming: Yunnan Publishing Group Corporation, 1-411. (in Chinese)
  • Zhao E. M., Zhao K., Zhou K. Y. 1999. Fauna Sinica, Reptilia, Vol. 2, Squamata, Lacertilia. [In Chinese] Beijing: Science Press, 394 pp
  • Zhao,E. & Adler,K. 1993. Herpetology of China. SSAR, Oxford/Ohio, 1-522
  • Zug, G. R., H. H. K. Brown, J. A. Schulte II, and J. V. Vindum 2006. Systematics of the Garden Lizards, Calotes versicolor Group (Reptilia, Squamata, Agamidae), in Myanmar: Central Dry Zone Populations. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 57 (2):35-68. - get paper here
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