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Higher TaxaGymnophthalmidae (Gymnophthalminae), Heterodactylini, Sauria, Gymnophthalmoidea, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
DistributionBrazil (Minas Gerais, Espírito Santo)

Type locality: (20°28’S, 41°49’W) Parque Nacional do
Caparaó: states of Minas Gerais and Espírito Santo: Brazil.  
TypesHolotype: MZUSP 96093, an adult male, collected by J. Cassimiro on 2
January 2005, field number MTR 10919. 
DiagnosisDEFINITION (genus): An elongate gymnophthalmid (maximum SVL 60 mm) with distinctive ear opening and eyelid, long tail (1.5–2.5 times SVL), and slender pentadactyl limbs (fig. 1); first toe lacking claw. Frontonasal single; prefrontals, frontoparietals, parietals, interparietal, and a pair of occipitals present. Parietals longer than wide. Collar fold absent. Three pairs of chin shields and three supraoculars. Dorsal and lateral scales lanceolate, strongly keeled, with sides of scales almost juxtaposed. Ventrals longer than wide, smooth, in six regular transverse rows, the lateral ones narrower. Males with a continuous series of pores without gap between preanal and femoral ones; 2–5 inconspicuous preanal pores in females. Hemipenis not totally everted, with a series of naked W-shaped and continuous transverse flounces ending in bifurcate end-free protuberances as wide as and continuous with the flounces; sulcus spermaticus apparently single, edged by an extensive naked area.

For diagnostic morphological characters distinguishing Marinussaurus, Amapasaurus, Anotosaura, Arthrosaura, Colobosauroides, Dryadosaura,Ecpleopus, Kaieteurosaurus, Leposoma, and Pantepuisaurus see Table 2 in PELOSO et al. 2011. 
CommentType species: Caparaonia itaiquara RODRIGUES et al. 2009 is the type species of the genus Caparaonia RODRIGUES, CASSIMIRO, PAVAN, CURCIO, KRUTH VERDADE & MACHADO PELLEGRINO 2009.

Taxonomy: The name Heterodactylini was proposed by Pellegrino et al. (2001) to include Colobodactylus Amaral 1933, Colobosaura Boulenger 1887, Heterodactylus Spix 1825, Iphisa Gray 1851, and provisionally Stenolepis Boulenger 1888. Rodrigues et al. (2009b) restricted Heterodactylini to Caparaonia, Colobodactylus and Heterodactylus. However, Heterodactylini is not the valid name for this group. 
EtymologyNamed for the Caparaó mountains, the type locality, and meaning ‘‘from Caparaó.’’ The specific epithet is from the Tupi language, meaning ‘‘the one that inhabits rocks’’ in reference to the habitat where this lizard is most frequently found. 
  • Peloso, Pedro L.V.; Katia C. M. Pellegrino, Miguel T. Rodrigues, and Teresa C.S. Ávila-Pires 2011. Description and Phylogenetic Relationships of a New Genus and Species of Lizard (Squamata, Gymnophthalmidae) from the Amazonian Rainforest of Northern Brazil. American Museum Novitates (3713): 1-24 - get paper here
  • Rodrigues, M.T.; Cassimiro, J.; Pavan, D.; Curcio F.F.; kruth Verdade, V. & Machado Pellegrino, K.C. 2009. A New Genus of Microteiid Lizard from the Caparaó Mountains, Southeastern Brazil, with a Discussion of Relationships among Gymnophthalminae (Squamata). American Museum Novitates (3673): 1-28 - get paper here
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