Carlia fusca (DUMÉRIL & BIBRON, 1839)
Can you confirm these amateur observations of Carlia fusca?
|Higher Taxa||Scincidae, Eugongylinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)|
|Common Names||E: Indonesian Brown Skink Carlia|
|Synonym||Heteropus fuscus DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839: 742|
Heteropus leucotaenia BLEEKER 1860 (fide BOULENGER 1887)
Heteropus tricarinatus MEYER 1874 (fide ZUG 2004)
Heteropus tricarinatus var. striata MEYER 1874 (nomen dubium fide ZUG 2004)
Heteropus fuscus — GÜNTHER 1877: 414
Lygosoma fuscum — BOULENGER 1895: 30
Lygosoma fuscum — GARMAN 1901: 7
Lygosoma (Liolepisma) fuscum — STERNFELD 1918: 403
Leiolopisma fuscum — DUNN 1927
Lygosoma (Leiolopisma) fuscum — SMITH 1937: 225
Lygosoma (Leiolopisma) fuscum fuscum — BRONGERSMA 1948: 490
Lygosoma (Leiolopisma) fuscum jamnanum LOVERIDGE 1948: 363
Carlia fusca — MYS 1988: 129
Carlia fusca — ADLER, AUSTIN & DUDLEY 1995
Carlia fusca — DOLMAN & HUGALL 2008
|Distribution||Admirality Islands, Kai (= Kei) Islands, Halmahera (Indonesia), Bismarck Archipelago, Papua New Guinea (Irian Jaya), Waigeo. For detailed localities see Mys 1988.|
Type locality: Waigeo and Rawack islands; restricted to Waigeo by ZUG (2004: 39).
|Types||Lectotype: MNHN-RA 3036, designated by Guibé (1954) by presumption of Holotype (see Brygoo 1985, Zug 2004)|
Holotype: MCZ 7677 [jamnanum]
|Diagnosis||Diagnosis (genus): limbs well-developed with manus reduced to four digits; lower eyelid with a transparent palpebral disc; supranasal scales absent; rostral–frontonasal suture as wide as, or wider than the frontal; frontoparietal scales fused; interparietal small and distinct; ear-opening with enlarged lobules; dorsal body scales strongly keeled; males with conspicuous breeding colours on flanks (Ingram & Covacevich 1989; Cogger 2000; Dolman and Hugall 2008; Wilson and Swan 2008) [fom HOSKIN & COUPER 2012; this may be a partial diagnosis, not including all species].|
Definition (Carlia): The clade comprising Carlia munda de Vis, 1845 Gray, 1838, and all species that share a more recent common ancestor with Carlia munda than with Lygisaurus foliorum or Liburnascincus coensis (DOLMAN & HUGALL 2008).
Description (Carlia): A genus of the Carlia group of skinks, maximum adult SVL ranging from 41 to 70 mm; body and head stout, robust, limbs very well developed; usually 7 supralabials; dorsal body scales weakly to strongly keeled; breeding males mostly with bright colours, including red, blue, green and black, often combined with another contrasting pigment; females without bright colours but mostly with a white mid-lateral stripe from axilla to groin, usually 13 premaxillary teeth (Ingram and Covacevich, 1989, DOLMAN & HUGALL 2008).
|Comment||Synonymy: Listed as Carlia beccarii by COLIJN’s web site on Indonesia. Carlia beccarii has been removed from the synonymy of Carlia fusca by ZUG (2004: 40). Synonymy partly after ZUG 2004. Heteropus luctuosus PETERS & DORIA 1878: 364 has been removed from the synonymy of C. fusca and is now considered as a valid species.|
Type species: Heteropus fuscus DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839 is the type species of the genus Carlia GRAY 1845: 271 (FITZINGER 1843; ZUG 2004). Mocoa melanopogon is the type species of the genus Carlia GRAY 1845 (fide GREER 1974).
Phylogeny: Bragg et al. 2018 presented a phylogeny of the genera Lygisaurus, Liburnascincus, and Carlia.
Distribution: not listed for the Solomon Islands (Bougainville Island) by McCoy 2015 although it was listed by McCoy 2000.
|Etymology||Named after the Latin word “fuscus” = tawny or dusky.|
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