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Centrochelys sulcata (MILLER, 1779)

IUCN Red List - Centrochelys sulcata - Vulnerable, VU

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Higher TaxaTestudinidae, Testudinoidea, Testudines (turtles)
Common NamesE: Sahel Tortoise, African Spurred Tortoise
G: Spornschildkröte 
SynonymTestudo sulcata MILLER 1779: plate 26
Testudo calcarata SCHNEIDER 1784 (nom. subst. pro T. sulcata Miller)
Testudo radiata [var.] senegalensis GRAY 1831
Testudo sulcata — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1835: 74
Testudo sulcata — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1854: 220
Testudo sulcata — SOWERBY 1872
Geochelone sulcata — PRITCHARD 1967
Centrochelys sulcata — DEVAUX 2004
Geochelone sulcata — VALVERDE 2004
Centrochelys sulcata — VALVERDE 2005
Geochelone sulcata — LE et al. 2006
Centrochelys (Geochelone) sulcata — BONIN et al 2006
Centrochelys sulcata — CHIRIO & LEBRETON 2007
Centrochelys sulcata — TRAPE, CHIRIO & TRAPE 2012
Centrochelys sulcata — TTWG 2014
Centrochelys sulcata — TTWG 2021 
DistributionEthiopia, Eritrea, Sudan (Jumhūriyyat), Republic of South Sudan (RSS), Chad, Niger, Mali, S Mauritania, Senegal, Central African Republic (range generally lies along the southern perimeter of the Sahara Desert), Cameroon

Type locality: "India orientali" (in error); incorrectly listed as "Westindien" by Wermuth and Mertens 1961:224, and Wermuth and Mertens 1977:90.  
TypesHolotype: unlocated; although ZSM 2753/0 has the notation 'lectotype' in the museum's species catalog: however, this number is three juveniles of Geochelol/e deniculata according to Crumly (pers. comm., cited in Iverson 1992) 
CommentType species: Testudo sulcata MILLER 1779 is the type species of the genus Centrochelys GRAY 1872. 
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  • Böhme, Wolfgang 2022. Nördlicher (subrezenter?) Rand-Nachweis der Spornschildkröte Centrochelys sulcata (miLLer, 1779) aus dem nördlichen Sudan. Sauria 44 (2): 67-72
  • Bonin, F., Devaux, B. & Dupré, A. 2006. Turtles of the World. English translation by P.C.H. Pritchard. Johns Hopkins University Press, 416 pp.
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  • Devaux, B. 2004. Centrochelys sulcata. The tortoise that weeps. Reptilia (GB) (37): 20-26 - get paper here
  • Duméril, A. M.C., G. BIBRON & A. DUMÉRIL 1854. Erpétologie générale ou Histoire Naturelle complète des Reptiles. Vol. 9. Paris, XX + 440 S. - get paper here
  • Duméril, A.M.C., and G. Bibron. 1835. Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles, Vol. 2. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris, iv + 680 p. - get paper here
  • Ernst,C.H. and Barbour,R.W. 1989. Turtles of the World. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. - London
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  • Herz, Mario 2010. Die Spornschildkröte Geochelone sulcata. Natur und Tier Verlag, 64 pp. - get paper here
  • Herz, Mario. 2014. Nachzucht der Spornschildkröte (Geochelone sulcata Miller, 1779) in der F3-Generation. Radiata 23 (4): 4-16
  • Hirth, H., and E.M.A. Latif. 1981. Morphometrics of the spurred tortoise, Geochelone sulcata, in the Sudan. Journal of Herpetology 15 (1): 120-121 - get paper here
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  • Kleiner, M. 1988. Zur Haltung und Zucht der Spornschildkröte Geochelone sulcata (MILLER 1779). Herpetofauna 10 (52): 6-10 - get paper here
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  • Livoreil, Barbara; and Van Der Kuyl, Antoinette C. 2005. Genetic Analysis of Mitochondrial DNA Variation in Eastern and Western African Spurred Tortoises (Geochelone sulcata). Chelonian Conserv. Biol. 4 (4): 951-954.
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  • Petrozzi, F. et al. 2020. Centrochelys sulcata (Miller 1779) – African Spurred Tortoise, Grooved Tortoise, Sahel Tortoise, Tortue Sillonnée. In: Rhodin, A.G.J., Iverson, J.B., van Dijk, P.P., Stanford, C.B., Goode, E.V., Buhlmann, K.A., and Mittermeier, R.A. (Eds.). Conserva Chelonian Research Monographs 5(14): 110.1–16 - get paper here
  • Petrozzi, Fabio, Luca Luiselli, Godfrey C. Akani and Edem A. Eniang. 2015. Supplementary distribution data of Centrochelys sulcata (Miller, 1779), in northern Nigeria (West Africa). Herpetozoa 28 (1/2): 92-94 - get paper here
  • Petrozzi, Fabio; Emmanuel Hema, Djidama Sirima, Benoit Doamba, Gabriel Hoinsoudé Segniagbeto, Tomas Diagne, Nioking Amadi, Giovanni Amori, Godfrey C. Akani, Edem Eniang, Laurent Chirio, Luca Luiselli 2018. Distance-Generated Field Density Estimates for the Threatened Sahel Tortoise Centrochelys sulcata. Russ. J. Herpetol. 25 (2): 83-87 - get paper here
  • Petrozzi, Fabio; Emmanuel M. Hema, Djidama Sirima, Benoit Douamba, Gabriel Hoinsoudé Ségniagbeto, Tomas Diagne, Nioking Amadi, Giovanni Amori, Godfrey C. Akani, Edem A. Eniang, Laurent Chirio, and Luca Luiselli 2017. Habitat Determinants of the Threatened Sahel Tortoise Centrochelys sulcata at Two Spatial Scales. Herpetological Conservation and Biology 12 (2) - get paper here
  • Petrozzi, Fabio; Emmanuel M. Hema, Gabriel Hoinsoudé Ségniagbeto, Nioking Amadi, Godfrey C. Akani, Russell L. Burke, Laurent Chirio & Luca Luiselli 2019. Correlates of African Spurred Tortoise, Centrochelys sulcata, Occurrence in the West African Sahel. Chelonian Conservation and Biology Jun 2019 Vol. 18, No. 1: 19-23 - get paper here
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