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Ceratophora stoddartii GRAY, 1834

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Draconinae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Mountain Horned Agama, Rhino-horned lizard
G: Stachelnase, Hornagame 
SynonymCeratophora stoddartii GRAY 1834: 68
Ceratophora Stoddartii — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1837: 434
Ceratophora Hoddartii — KELAART 1854: 138 (in error ?)
Ceratophora stoddartii — FERGUSON 1877: 13
Ceratophora stoddartii — BOULENGER 1885: 277
Ceratophora stoddarti — SMITH 1935: 152
Ceratophora stoddarti — TAYLOR 1953: 1561
Ceratophora stoddartii — MANTHEY & SCHUSTER 1999: 39
Ceratophora stoddertii [sic] — BARTS & WILMS 2003: 8 
DistributionSri Lanka (Ceylon)

Type locality: Ceylon  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.8.27.37, male 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (genus): see PETHIYAGODA & MANAMENDRA-ARACHCHI 1998: 4.

Diagnosis (species): Ceratophora stoddartii is distinguished from all other Ceratophora by the pres­ ence of a prominent rostral appendage restricted to the rostral scale. 
CommentHabitat: subarboreal

Conservation: “Uncommon” and endangered in Sri Lanka (BAHIR & SURASINGHE 2005).

Type species: Ceratophora stoddartii GRAY 1834 is the type species of the genus Ceratophora GRAY 1834. Ceratophora GISTERL 1848 is a genus of Mollusca; Ceratophora HEINEMANN 1870 is a genus of Microlepidoptera; Ceratophora SCHUTT 1896 is a genus of Flagellata.

Key: KARUNARATHNA et al. 2020 present a key to the Sri Lanken species of Ceratophora. 
  • Amarasinghe, A. A. T.; U. Manthey, E. Stöckli, I. Ineich, S. 0 Kullander, F. Tiedemann, C. McCarthy & D. E. Gabadage 2009. The original descriptions and figures of Sri Lankan agamid lizards (Squamata: Agamidae) ofthe 18th and 19th centuries. Taprobanica 1 (1): 2-15 - get paper here
  • Bahir, M.M. & T. Surasinghe 2005. A conservation assessment of the Sri Lankan Agamidae (Reptilia: Sauria). Raffles Bull. Zool., Suppl. No. 12: 407-412 - get paper here
  • Bartelt, U. 1995. Bemerkungen zur Haltung und Nachzucht der Hochlandagame, Ceratophora stoddarti Gray, 1834 (Sauria: Agamidae). Sauria 17 (4): 11-16 - get paper here
  • Bartelt, U. & Janzen, P. 2007. Die Hornagame Ceratophora stoddartii im Biotop und im Terrarium. Draco 7 (30): 34-37 - get paper here
  • Bartelt, Uwe 1996. Ceratophora stoddartii: Ein "Nashorn' im Terrarium. DATZ 49 (6): 376-379
  • Barts, M. & Wilms, T. 2003. Die Agamen der Welt. Draco 4 (14): 4-23 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1890. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. Taylor & Francis, London, xviii, 541 pp. - get paper here
  • Das, Indraneil & Abhijit Das 2017. A Naturalist’s Guide to the Reptiles of India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. John Beaufoy Publishing Ltd., Oxford, 176 pp.
  • De SILVA 1994. An introduction to the herpetofauna of Sri Lanka. Lyriocephalus, 1 (1-2): 3-19
  • Dieckmann, M. 2011. Ceratophora stoddartii GRAY 1834. Iguana Rundschreiben 24 (2): 17-22
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1837. Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complete des Reptiles. Vol. 4. Libr. Encyclopédique Roret, Paris, 570 pp. - get paper here
  • Ferguson, W. 1877. Reptile fauna of Ceylon. Letter on a collection sent to the Colombo Museum. Herbert, Ceylon
  • Ferrari, A. & Ferrari, A. 2017. SRI LANKAN ENDEMIC -- THE RHINO LIZARD. Animamundimag: 4-10 - get paper here
  • Gray. J. E. 1834. Illustrations of Indian Zoology, chiefly selected from the collection of Major - General Hardwicke. Vol. 2. London (1833-1834): 263 pp., 95 plates - get paper here
  • Günther, A. 1864. The Reptiles of British India. London (Taylor & Francis), xxvii + 452 pp. - get paper here
  • Harport, V. 2015. Eine Rundreise durch Sri Lanka. Reptilia (Münster) 20 (114): 84-94 - get paper here
  • Janssen, Jordi and Anslem de Silva 2019. The presence of protected reptiles from Sri Lanka in international commercial trade. TRAFFIC Bulletin 31 (1): 9 - get paper here
  • Janzen, P.; Klaas, P. & Ziesmann, S. 2007. Die Agamen der Insel [Sri Lanka]. Draco 7 (30): 24-33 - get paper here
  • Jayasekara, Dulan; Lakshika<br />Keerthirathna, Dharshani<br />Mahaulpatha 2020. Population densities and conservation assessment of three threatened agamid species in Horton Plains National Park, Sri Lanka. Journal of Wildlife and Biodiversity, DOI: 10.22120/jwb.2020.118316.1115 - get paper here
  • Jayasekara, EGDP; WAD Mahaulpatha and Anslem De Silva 2018. Habitat utilization of endangered rhino horned lizard (Ceratophora stoddartii) (Sauria: Agamidae) in the Horton Plains National Park, Sri Lanka. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies 2018; 6(4): 1544-1549 - get paper here
  • Karunarathna S, Poyarkov NA, Amarasinghe C, Surasinghe T, Bushuev AV, Madawala M, Gorin VA, De Silva A. 2020. A new species of the genus Ceratophora Gray, 1835 (Reptilia: Agamidae) from a lowland rainforest in Sri Lanka, with insights on rostral appendage evolution in Sri Lankan agamid lizards. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 14(3) [Taxonomy Section]: 103–126 (e259)
  • Kelaart, EDWARD FRED 1854. Catalogue of reptiles collected in Ceylon. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (2) 13: 137-140 - get paper here
  • Macey, J. R., J. A. Schulte II, A. Larson, N. B. Ananjeva, Y. Wang, R. Pethiyagoda, N. Rastegar-Pouyani, T. J. Papenfuss 2000. Evaluating trans-Tethys migration: an example using acrodont lizard phylogenetics. Systematic Biology 49 (2): 233-256 - get paper here
  • Manthey,U. & SCHUSTER,N. 1999. Agamen, 2. Aufl. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 120 pp. - get paper here
  • Pethiyagoda, R. & K. Manamendra-Arachchi 1998. A revision of the endemic Sri Lankan agamid lizard genus Ceratophora Gray, 1835, with description of two new species. Journal of South Asian natural History 3 (1): 1
  • Schulte, II , James A.; J. Robert Macey, Rohan Pethiyagoda and Allan Larson 2002. Rostral Horn Evolution among Agamid Lizards of the Genus Ceratophora Endemic to Sri Lanka. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 22: 111-117 - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1935. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Reptiles and Amphibia, Vol. II. Sauria. Taylor and Francis, London, 440 pp.
  • Somaweera, R. & Somaweera, N. 2009. Lizards of Sri Lanka: a colour guide with field keys. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 304 pp.
  • Taylor, E.H. 1953. A review of the lizards of Ceylon. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 35 (12): 1525-1585 - get paper here
  • Udagedara, USC; KAPMK Karunarathna 2014. Ceratophora stoddartii from Kegalle District (Sabaragamuwa Province), Sri Lanka. Taprobanica 6 (1): 59 - get paper here
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