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Cercophis auratus (SCHLEGEL, 1837)

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Schlegel's Golden Snake
Portuguese: Bicuda, Cipó-Liquenosa, Cobra-Cipó, Cobra-Cipó-Metálica, Cobra-de-Bronze, Cobra-Líquen 
SynonymDendrophis aurata SCHLEGEL 1837: 227
Cercophis aurata — FITZINGER 1843: 26
Dendrophis auratus — SCHLEGEL 1858: 46
Uromacer Ricardinii PERACCA 1897
Leptophis flagellum ANDERSSON 1901: 13
Leptophis vertebralis WERNER 1909: 221
Uromacerina ricardinii — AMARAL 1929
Leptophis ahaetulla (LINNAEUS 1758) — AMARAL 1930: 161 (part)
Leptophis occidentalis occidentalis (GÜNTHER 1859) — AMARAL 1930: 162 (part)
Leptophis ahaetulla liocercus — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 162 (part)
Leptophis ahaetulla liocercus — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1986: 162 (part)
Cercophis auratus — HOOGMOED 1983: 226
Uromacerina richardii [sic] — POR 1992: 54
Cercophis auratus — HOOGMOED 1997
Uromacerina ricardinii — JORGE SUZART ARGOLO 2001
Cercophis auratus — CLAESSEN 2003
Uromacerina ricardinii — ZAHER et al. 2011
Cercophis auratus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 156
Uromacerina ricardinii — WALLACH et al. 2014: 778
Cercophis auratus — HOOGMOED et al. 2019
Cercophis auratus — NOGUEIRA et al. 2019 
DistributionSuriname, Brazil (Rio de Janeiro etc.)

Type locality: Paramaribo, Suriname

Uromacer ricardinii: Brazil (Sao Paulo, Santa Catarina, Rio de Janeiro, Parana, Rio Grande do Sul, Pará, Bahia, Espírito Santo, Minas Gerais [HR 35: 85]); Type locality: Sao Paulo  
TypesHolotype: RMNH 813, a 570 mm specimen (Dieperink).
Holotype: MRSN (= MSNTO) R1769 [ricardinii]
Holotype: NRM 1981 [flagellum]
Holotype: ZMH 4201 [vertebralis] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (genus Uromacerina): in CUNHA & NASCIMENTO 1982: 2.

Diagnosis (genus Cercophis): Small slender, apparently arboreal, snakes having a very long tail (41-49% of total length), ending in a sharp tip. Eye large, pupil round. Maxillary teeth 19-20, followed by a distinct diastema andtwolarger, ungrooved teeth. Head long and flattened, with a complete complement of head scales (no fusions). Supralabials 8, rarely 9, with 4th and 5th (5th and 6th) entering orbit; infralabials 10; 1 or 2 (rarely) loreal(s); preocular 1;postoculars 2.Temporals basically 1+2,but thefirst onemay be divided i n several ways. Ventrals 140-149, anal divided, subcaudals paired, 129-163. Ventrals without lateral keels. Dorsal scales i n 15-15-11 oblique rows, smooth, very narrow, the vertebral one, the paravertebral ones (only from middle of body) and the first row on each side slightly enlarged; no apical pits or anal ridges. Scales on tail in four rows [Hoogmoed 1997: 64]

Diagnosis (auratus): same as for genus. 
CommentSynonymy: after Hoogmoed et al. 2019; Uromacer Ricardinii was synonymized with Cercophis auratus by Hoogmoed et al. 2019. HOGE 1959 included Leptophis vertebralis and Leptophis flagellum ANDERSSON 1901 in the synonymy of Uromacerina ricardinii.

Type species: Dendrophis aurata SCHLEGEL 1837: 227 is the type species of the genus Cercophis FITZINGER 1843.

Type species: Uromacer Ricardinii PERACCA 1897 is the type species of the genus Uromacerina AMARAL 1930: 18.

Habitat: fully arboreal (Harrington et al. 2018). 
EtymologyNamed after Greek “cercos” = tail and “ophis” = snake. The species is named after Latin “aurum” = gold. 
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