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Chamaesaura aenea (FITZINGER, 1843)

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Higher TaxaCordylidae (Cordylinae), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Coppery Grass Lizard, Transvaal Snake Lizard 
SynonymCricochalcis aenea FITZINGER 1843
Chamaesaura miodactyla GÜNTHER 1880: 235
Chamaesaura aenea — BOULENGER 1885: 263
Chamaesaura aenea — BOYCOTT 1992
Cordylus aeneus — FROST et al. 2001
Chamaesaura aenea — STANLEY et al. 2011 
DistributionRepublic of South Africa (Transvaal, Oranje Free State, Natal, Swaziland, Winterberg Mountains [JHAF 4:36]).

Type locality: “Südafrika” (FITZINGER 1843 said only “Afr.” whereas “Südafrika” is written on the label in the jar of the holotype [BAUER et al. 1994])  
TypesHolotype: ZMB 1172 
EtymologyNamed after its color: Latin “aenea/-us” = bronze, copper, or ore. 
  • Bates, M.F.; Branch, W.R., Bauer, A.M.; Burger, M., Marais, J.; Alexander, G.J. & de Villliers, M.S. (eds.) 2014. Atlas and Red List of the Reptiles of South Africa, Lesotho, and Swaziland. Suricata 1. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria, 512 pp.
  • Bauer, Aaron M.; Lang, Mathias & Günther, Rainer 1994. An Annotated Type Catalogue of the Pygopods, Xantusiids, Gerrhosaurs and Cordylids (Reptilia: Squamata: Pygopodidae, Xantusiidae, Gerrhosauridae and Cordylidae) in the Collection of the Zoological Museum, Berlin. Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin 70 (1): 85-92. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Boycott, R.C. 1992. An Annotated Checklist of the Amphibians and Reptiles of Swaziland. The Conservation Trust of Swaziland - get paper here
  • Branch, W.R.; Haagner, G.V. 1992. Life History Notes - Chamaesaura aenea. J. Herp. Assoc. Africa (41): 42-42 - get paper here
  • Branch, William R. 1993. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Southern Africa. Cape Town: Struik Publishers, 144 S.
  • Branch, William R. & Haagner, Gerald V. 1992. Geographical Distribution. Sauria: Cordylidae: Chamaesaura aenea (Fitzinger, 1843). Journal of the Herpetological Association of Africa (Humewood), 41: 36. - get paper here
  • Fitzinger, L. 1843. Systema Reptilium, fasciculus primus, Amblyglossae. Braumüller et Seidel, Wien: 106 pp. - get paper here
  • Frost, D.; Janies, D.; Le Fras N. Mouton, P. & Titus, T. 2003. A molecular perspective on the phylogeny of the Girdled Lizards (Cordylidae, Squamata). American Museum Novitates (3310): 1-10 - get paper here
  • Günther,C.A.L.G. 1880. Description of new species of reptiles from eastern Africa. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 6 (33): 234-238 - get paper here
  • Hewitt, John 1911. Records of South African Lacertilia and Amphibia, Addenda and Corrigenda. Annals Transvaal Museum 3 (1): 42-55. - get paper here
  • Stanley, Edward L.; Aaron M. Bauer; Todd R. Jackman, William R. Branch, P. Le Fras N. Mouton 2011. Between a rock and a hard polytomy: rapid radiation in the rupicolous girdled lizard (Squamata: Cordylidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 58(1): 53-70. - get paper here
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