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Charina umbratica KLAUBER, 1943

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Higher TaxaBoidae (Charinidae, Charininae), Henophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Southern Rubber Boa
G: Nordamerikanische Gummi Boa, Rubber Boa 
SynonymCharina bottae umbratica KLAUBER 1943
Charina bottae umbratica — CROTHER 2000: 57
Charina umbratica — RODRÍGUEZ-ROBLES et al. 2001
Charina umbratica — CROTHER et al. 2012
Charina umbratica — WALLACH et al. 2014: 158
Charina umbratica — REYNOLDS & HENDERSON 2018: 29 
DistributionUSA (California)

Type locality: "Fern Valley, near Idyllwild, Riverside County, California"  
TypesHolotype: SDNHM = SDSNH 12101 
CommentSynonymy partly after STEWART 1977 and KLUGE 1993. 
  • Crother, B. I. 2000. Scientific and standard English names of amphibians and reptiles of North America north of Mexico, with comments regarding confidence in our understanding. Herpetological Circular 29: 1-82
  • Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 1-92
  • Klauber, Laurence M. 1943. The subspecies of the rubbersnake, Charina. Transactions of the San Diego Society of Natural History 10 (7): 83-90 - get paper here
  • Reynolds, R. Graham and Robert W. Henderson 2018. Boas of the World (Superfamily Booidae): A Checklist With Systematic, Taxonomic, and Conservation Assessments. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology Sep 2018, Vol. 162, No. 1: 1-58. - get paper here
  • Rodríguez-Robles, Javier A., Glenn R. Stewart and Theodore J. Papenfuss 2001. Mitochondrial DNA-Based Phylogeography of North American Rubber Boas, Charina bottae (Serpentes: Boidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 18 (2): 227–237 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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