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Chelosania brunnea GRAY, 1845

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Amphibolurinae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Chameleon Dragon 
SynonymChelosania brunnea GRAY 1845: 245
Chelosania brunnea — BOULENGER 1885: 331
Chelosania brunnea — COGGER 1983
Chelosania brunnea — MANTHEY & SCHUSTER 1999: 42
Chelosania brunnea — COGGER 2000: 305
Chelosania brunnea — WILSON & SWAN 2010 
DistributionAustralia (Northern Territory, Queensland, Western Australia)

Type locality: Western Australia  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.8.11.43 (formerly xxiii.34a) 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (genus): Body without very large conical spines or a spiny nuchal hump (in contrast to Molloch), no large skin “frill” around neck (as in Chlamydosaurus), femoral and/or pre-anal pores absent, transverse gular fold absent; tail about 1.25 times as long as body (from key in Cogger 2014: 692). 
CommentLifestyle: semi-arboreal.

Type species: Chelosania brunnea GRAY 1845 is the type species of the genus Chelosania GRAY 1845: 245. 
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Gray, J. E. 1845. Catalogue of the specimens of lizards in the collection of the British Museum. Trustees of die British Museum/Edward Newman, London: xxvii + 289 pp. - get paper here
  • Hutchinson, Mark N. and Rhonda G. Hutchinson 2011. Karyotypes of Moloch and Chelosania (Squamata: Acrodonta). Journal of Herpetology 45 (2): 216-218. - get paper here
  • Laive, A. de, & Jolly, C. J. 2020. Field observations of a cryptic agamid (Chameleon Dragon Chelosania brunnea Gray, 1845) in semi-arid savanna woodland of northern Australia. Australian Zoologist - get paper here
  • Macey, J. R., J. A. Schulte II, A. Larson, N. B. Ananjeva, Y. Wang, R. Pethiyagoda, N. Rastegar-Pouyani, T. J. Papenfuss 2000. Evaluating trans-Tethys migration: an example using acrodont lizard phylogenetics. Systematic Biology 49 (2): 233-256 - get paper here
  • Manthey,U. & SCHUSTER,N. 1999. Agamen, 2. Aufl. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 120 pp. - get paper here
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
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